<title>Tire-Derived Fuel Fact Sheet</title>
<type>single page tiff</type>
Tire-Derived Fuel (TDF)
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) supports the highest and best
practical use of scrap tires in accordance with the waste management hierarchy, in
order of preference: reduce, reuse, recycle, waste-to-energy, and disposal in an
appropriate facility. Disposal of scrap tires in tire piles is not an acceptable manage-
ment practice because of the risks posed by tire fires, and because tire piles can
provide habitats for disease vectors, such as mosquitoes.
In 2003, more than 290 million scrap tires were generated in the U.S. Nearly
100 million of these tires were recycled into new products and 130 million were
reused as tire-derived fuel (TDF) in various industrial facilities. TDF is one of several
viable alternatives to prevent newly generated scrap tires from inappropriate dis-
posal in tire piles, and for reducing or eliminating existing tire stockpiles.
Based on over 15 years of experience with more than 80 individual facilities,
EPA recognizes that the use of tire-derived fuel s is a viable alternative to the use of
fossil fuels. EPA testing shows that TDF has a higher BTU value than coal. The
Agency supports the responsible use of tires in port! and cement kilns and other
industrial facilities, so long as the candidate facilities: (1) have a tire storage and
handling plan; (2) have secured a permit for all applicable state and federal environ-
mental programs; and (3) are in compliance with all the requirements of that permit.
More information on the use of TDF in kilns and boilers i s available on EPA's
scrap tire web site at: <http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/osw/non-hw/muncpl/
tires. htm>. The web site also contains links to other EPA, state, and industry
information on the use of TDF.