United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
Solid Waste and
Emergency Response
(5306W)
EPA-530-F-00-001a
June 2000
www.epa.gov/osw
Bagley   Downs
Apartments
Eugene,  Oregon
73% Reduction of Construction and
Demolition  Materials
Bagley Downs is a 30-unit apartment complex in Eugene, Oregon, that was
built using 32 apartment units slated for demolition by the University of Oregon. Due
to student opposition, a demand for affordable housing, and the recycling and reuse
experience of Saint Vincent de Paul of Lane County, Inc. (SVDP), the University of Oregon
donated four buildings from the apartment complex to the City of Eugene. SVDP moved
the structures to a new site and used them as the base for constructing eight new buildings.
During the project, over 112 tons of material were recovered (86 tons through reuse and
salvage and over 26 tons through recycling) and the city saved over $ 1 million.
 Project Description

    The Bagley Downs Apartments appear to
    have nine lives. Originally constructed in
 Vancouver, Washington, and moved to the
 University of Oregon in the 1940s, these
  apartments were saved from the wrecking ball
  a second time. In 1990, the University of
   Oregon planned to raze a 244-unit student
    housing complex in order to build new
    housing. A student coalition opposed the
    demolition and requested that the
    University renovate the units. Although the
    University was unable to renovate the
    complex, the city committed time, energy,
         land, and funds to save 32 of the units
           in  order to address a city shortage
          of affordable housing. The city has
         an overall vacancy rate of less than
         1%.  With city funding, Saint Vincent
         de Paul moved  32 of the units to a
         new site and reconstructed them,
         saving part of a community landmark.
         Saint Vincent de Paul, which has an
         extensive history in recycling
         and reuse, considers  moving housing
          units as a logical next step in
         reducing the amount of construction
         and demolition  materials going into
         area landfills.
                   An experienced moving crew removed
               asbestos and lead, appliances, cabinetry, and
               exterior fire escapes from the buildings prior to
               cutting four buildings (eight units each) in half.
               The crew used jacks, cribbing, and house-
               moving dollies to separate the buildings from
               their foundations. Then the crew loaded the
               buildings onto special trucks, which carried the
               buildings to a staging (storage) area.
                   Once the new site was prepared, the
               contractor transported the building halves to
               the new site, removed them from the truck, and
               placed them on new foundations. The
               contractor used new materials to seal the ends
               of the buildings. The new housing complex
               contains eight buildings with 30 living units plus
               laundry facilities. After the ends of the buildings
               were enclosed, the contractor renovated the
               buildings' interiors and painted the exteriors.
                   During building removal, 24 tons of wood
               were ground into mulch; over 2 tons of metal,
               including the fire escapes and appliances, were


                   Materials Collected
                   Recycled
                     miscellaneous metal (fire escapes,
                     appliances), and wood
                   Reused
                     strutsjoist, rafters, sub floor, floor stringers,
                     framing, exterior shingles, and plumbing
                     fixtures

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recycled; 2 tons of plumbing fixtures were
salvaged; and 42 tons of gypsum
wallboard, vinyl flooring, wood, and
shingles were landfilled.
Costs/Benefits
   The Bagley Downs project not only
   diverted over 112 tons of demolition
and construction materials, and supplied
the city with 30 additional affordable
housing units but also saved the University
of Oregon demolition costs and the city of
Eugene construction costs. The University
of Oregon, which was originally going to
demolish the structures, saved
        Project Summary
 Date Started               Spring 1993
 Date Completed           Summer 1995
 Project Square Footage           20,000
 Total Waste Generated (Tons)      154.5
 Disposed (Tons)                  42.0
 Total Materials Diverted (Tons)     112.5
     Recycled                      26.5
     Reused/Salvaged               86.0
 Total Materials Diverted            73%
 Total Project Cost           $1,250,000
 Hauling and Disposal Costs ($/ton)    $48
 Costs of Moving Building and Materials
 Diversion
     Planning and Development    $50,000
     Labor ~                      NA
     Hauling and Tip Fees            NA
 Revenue/Savings from Moving Building and
 Materials Diversion
     Revenue from Materials Sales       NA
     Savings from Materials Reuse       NA
     Savings from Avoided Disposal  $5,400
 Estimated Cost of Demolition    $40,000
 Estimated Cost of Similar New Construction
                              $2,320,000
 Savings from Moving Building and Materials
 Diversion                          NA
 Savings Per Square Foot from Moving
 Building and Materials Diversion       NA

 Key: NA = not available.
 Notes: Estimated cost of demolition refers to the
 cost the University of Oregon would have incurred
 for demolishing the 32 units that were moved. The
 University of Oregon estimated the demolition cost
 based on the cost of removal of the remaining
 units. The estimated cost of construction refers to
 the cost that the City of Eugene would have
 incurred to construct a similar complex. SVDP
 estimated the construction cost of 30 units based
 on a $2.78 million, 36-unit apartment construction
 project SVDP finished in 1998.
approximately $40,000 in demolition
costs and over $5,000 in avoided
disposal costs. A similar, new 30-unit
complex would have cost the city over
$2.3 million to construct. Therefore, by
reusing the structures, the community
saved $1.07 million in the construction
of affordable housing.
    The overall project costs of $1.25
million included the removing,
transporting, and renovating the
complex. Planning and development
costs of $50,000 were spread across the
project and included creating
partnerships with the student
coalition, the University of
Oregon, the City of Eugene, and
Lane County.  During building
removal, labor costs were
increased because it
took longer for crews to
move the units than it
would have taken demolition crews to raze
them. Equipment costs, however, were
similar to those of demolition since large
trucks were necessary to move the
structures. Hauling and tip fees for
recyclables totalled $48 per ton and a local
salvage operation removed and hauled
salvageable materials at no cost.
    During the construction phase, labor
costs were greatly reduced by avoiding the
need to construct a large portion of the
buildings. The cost of using large trucks
while  moving the buildings was slightly
higher than the equipment costs of new
construction.  The largest savings for the
city resulted from the reuse of the
structures and their components.

Tips for Replication

   Carefully plan the project and
coordinate with all  participants.
   Watch project costs carefully.
   Work to develop collaborative
partnerships among the client/developer,
contractor, community, and other involved
parties.
   Encourage community participation
and seek public support.
   Allot enough time for project
completion.
           fortl
    Use experienced building movers in
order to decrease time and cost.
Client/Developer:
St. Vincent de Paul
705 S. Seneca
P.O. Box 24608
Eugene, Oregon  97402
Contact: Anne Williams (Housing Programs
Director)
Phone: 541-687-5820  Fax: 541-683-9423
Web site: http://www.svdplanecounty.org
Architect
Donald H.Micken
1948 Olive
Eugene, Oregon  97405
Contact: Don H.Micken (Staff Architect)
Phone: 541-343-1990
General Contractor
2G Construction
1719 Irving Road
Eugene, Oregon  97402
Contact: David Coleman (Project Manager)
Phone: 541-689-3850  Fax: 541-689-3915

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