1997 Buy-Recycled Series
 Construction  Products

            hether you're laying a founda-   CONSTRUCT KIN
            tion or choosing the right color
            of.paint, get your project off
the ground with quality recycled products!
More and more construction project man-
agers are learning what the U.S. Army and
U.S.  Navy already know—recycled building
products are cost-effective, reliable, and easy to obtain, helping you
finish your job on time and under budget.
  To make it easier to buy recycled, the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) updates the Comprehensive Procurement
Guidelines (CPG) each year. Through the CPG, EPA designates
items that must contain recycled content when purchased by feder-
al, state, and local agencies or by government contractors using
appropriated federal funds. Among these items, EPA has designated
several construction products, ranging from carpet made from soda
bottles to insulation made from yesterday's newspaper. EPA's
research shows that the items designated in the CPG are of high
quality, widely available, and cost-competitive with virgin products.
EPA also issues a non-regulatory companion piece—the Recovered
Materials Advisory Notice (RMAN)—that recommends levels of
recycled content for these items.
  From small jobs to major projects, recovered-content building
materials are the way to go.  Whether it's floors, walls, or bathroom
stalls, you can make each job a success with recycled products!
  Printed on paper that contains at least 20 percent postconsumer fiber.

                    What Is

  The CPG
agencies to
 buy items
made from
       Recycling is more than just drop-
       ping off your cans, bottles, and
       newspapers at the curb or at a
local collection facility. Diverting recy-
clables from the waste stream is only
the first step in the recycling process.
The second step occurs when compa-
nies use these recyclables to manufac-
ture new products. The third step
comes when you purchase products
made from recovered materials. That's
how we close the loop.
   To encourage the purchase of recy-
cled products, the Resource
Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)
requires agencies to buy recycled prod-
ucts. In addition, President Clinton
signed Executive Order 12873 in
October 1993, which called for an
increase in the federal government's use
of recycled-content products. Developed
in response to these  directives, the CPG
requires federal agencies to give prefer-
ence to EPA-designated items made with
recovered materials. This, in turn, sup-
ports recycling markets and allows recy-
cling to continue to expand.
   Issued  in May 1995, the first CPG
designated 19 new products  and incor-
porated 5 previously designated items
(including insulation and cement and
concrete containing coal fly ash) in 7
product categories that procuring agen-
cies are required to  purchase with
recycled content. (A procuring agency
is any federal, state, or local agency or
government contractor that uses
appropriated federal funds to purchase:
products.) A CPG update (CPG II) was
published in November 1997, and des-
ignated an additional 12 items, includ-
ing shower and restroom dividers/
partitions and reprocessed and consol-
idated latex paint in specific applica-
   If your agency spends more than
$10,000 per year on a product desig-
nated in the CPG, you are required to
purchase it with the highest recycled-
content level practicable. The CPG also
applies to lease contracts covering des-
ignated items.
   By May 1, 1996, your agency was
required to develop an affirmative pro-
curement program (or modify its exist-
ing program) to incorporate buy-
recycled requirements for construction
board, thermal insulation, floor tiles,
and carpeting products. It is not too late
to develop your affirmative procurement
program if you have not already done  ,
so. This effort might involve reviewing
your specifications  for these products
and eliminating provisions that might
pose barriers to procuring them with
recycled content (such as aesthetic
requirements unrelated to product per-
formance). Your agency also must revise
its affirmative procurement program to
add the newly designated items—repro-
cessed and consolidated  paint in specif-
ic applications and shower and
restroom dividers/partitions—by
November 13,1998.

   The CPG acknowledges, however, that specific
circumstances might arise that preclude the pur-
chase of products made with recovered materials.
You may purchase designated items that do not
contain recovered materials if you determine that:
(1) the price of a given designated item made with
recovered materials is unreasonably high, (2) there
is inadequate competition (not enough sources of
supply), (3) unusual and unreasonable delays
would result from obtaining the item, or (4) it does
not meet your agency's reasonable performance
  Before purchasing construction products con-
  taining recovered materials, you may need to
  review certain key terms.
  • Coal fly ash: Coal fly ash is a by-product of
    coal burning at electric utility plants. It is
    called "fly" ash because it is transported from
    the combustion chamber by exhaust gases.
  • Ground granulated blast furnace (GGBF) slag:
    Blast furnace slag is a by-product of iron blast
    furnaces. The slag is ground into granules finer
    than portland cement and can be used as an
    ingredient in concrete.
  • Rock wool: This composition of fibers manu-
    factured from slag or natural rock is used in
    building insulation.
  • Structural fiberboard: This is a panel made
    from wood, cane, or paper fibers matted
    together and used for sheathing, structural,
    and insulating purposes.
  Laminated paperboard: These boards are
  made from one or more plies of kraft paper
  bonded together and are used for decorative,
  structural, or insulating purposes.
  Reprocessed paint: This is postconsumer latex
  paint that has been sorted by a variety of char-
  acteristics that are dictated by the recycler. In
  general, the paint is sorted by type (interior
  versus exterior), by light and dark colors, and by
  finish (high-gloss versus flat). The reprocessor
  adds raw materials to meet the performance and
  color requirements expected or required by the
  end user.              ;
  Consolidated paint: This product  consists of
  postconsumer latex paint with similar charac-
  teristics (such as type, color family, and finish)
  that is consolidated at the point of collection.
  The postconsumer paints are blended together
  and repackaged, usually with few or no new
  ingredients added to improve the  performance
  of the resulting paint.


Fiberglass Insulation

Myth: Fiberglass insulation made with recovered
      glass is less effective than that made with
      virgin materials.

Fact:  Properly processed recycled-content fiber-
      glass insulation offers the same "R" value
      (thermal protection) as insulation made
      entirely from virgin stock.
Finishing Touches-
Carpeting,  Floor Tiles,
Patio Blocks, Latex Paint, and
Shower and Restroom
      Flooring, shower and restroom dividers/parti-
      tions, and paint are some of the last items to
      go into a new building. Recycled fiber
polyester carpet is manufactured from recycled
soda bottles. It typically wears better than carpets
made with virgin polyester because the standards
for food grade plastics are more rigorous than those
for virgin carpet  fiber plastics.
   You should specify resilient floor tiles made
from recycled rubber or recovered plastic when
surfacing floors in areas where grease, tar, snow,
ico, moisture, or similar substances are likely to be
present (e.g.,  raised, open-web tiles for drainage in
school kitchen flooring). You can purchase floor
tiles containing up to 100 percent postconsumer
rubber made  mostly from high-grade truck and air-
line tires.
   Patio blocks made from recovered rubber and
plastic are used in garden walkways and trails.
Patio blocks containing 90 to 100 percent postcon-
sumer rubber, plastic, or rubber or plastic blends
have been proven to work well.
   Reprocessed and consolidated latex paints,
which are comprised of up to 100 percent recov-
ered material, can be used for many interior and
exterior architectural applications. Reprocessed
paint is suitable for both interior and exterior
applications, while consolidated paint is typically
used for exterior applications and as undercoat.
These paints have been demonstrated to perform as
well as virgin paint.
  In 1993 when President Clinton issued
  Executive Order 12873 on federal purchasing
  of recycled products, the purchasing depart-
,  ment of thelSTayal Security Group (NSG) in
  Chesapeake, Virginia, enthusiastically accepted
-. his challenge. When they needed carpet, the
  NSG conducted research to see whether recy-
  cled-content carpet could meet their perfor-
  mance needs. They visited a church that had
  installed polyester carpet made from recycled
-. soda bottles 3 years earlier. Officials were so
7 impressed by what they saw that they now buy
  all their carpets with 100 percent postcon-
  sumer plastic. They are satisfied with the car-
  pets' performance in hallways, officers'
  quarters", and office spaces. For more informa-
  tion, contact Diane Broadway of NSG at
  804 421-8000.

   Shower and restroom dividers/partitions are
made of 20 to 100 percent recovered plastic or
steel. They are used to separate individual shower,
toilet, and urinal compartments in commercial and
institutional facilities. The recycled content
dividers/partitions require less maintenance and
are long-lasting.
  In the spring of 1997, King County, Washington,
  hit a home run by using 100 percent repro-
  cessed latex paint in the administrative offices
  of the Kingdome, home of the Seattle Mariners.
  Averaging $7.50 per gallon, the reprocessed
  paint was not only less expensive than its vir-
  gin counterpart, but it covered just as well,
  according to stadium administration.
  In addition, the King County Solid Waste
  Division continues to test new reprocessed
  latex paints for use at county paries and munic-
  ipal buildings. In the past few years, the county
  has used between 100 and 150 gallons of repro-
  cessed latex paint, primarily in remodeling
  efforts in  the county. The county also works to
  ensure recovery of all unused paint through a
  well-established household hazardous waste
  collection program and industrial materials
  exchange, diverting usable paints and paint
  products to  citizens, schools, and businesses
  that can reuse the materials. For  more informa-
  tion, contact Karen Hamilton of King County at
  206 296-4317.

 High Cliff State Park in Menasha, Wisconsin,
 has used recovered content plastic dividers in
"all its restroom facilities for 4 years. Although
"the initial cost of the dividers was higher than
 those used in the past, the park saved money in
 reduced maintenance and repair costs. Park
 officials are extremely pleased with the quality
 and performance of the product, having experi-
 enced no rusting, corrosion/repainting, or graf-
 fiti problems since installing the new dividers.
 For more information, contact Fran Dietzan of
 the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
"at 920 989-1404.
 As the major supplier of reprocessed paint to
.government agencies, the U.S. General Services
 Administration's (GSA's) Paint and Chemical
 Commodity Center takes its environmental
 commitment seriously. In 1996, the agency
 painted its regional administrator's office in
 Seattle, Washington, with the recovered paint it
 sells. The recovered paint reportedly has pro-
 vided excellent coverage and durability. The
 agency will build on the success of this project
 by painting a number of other GS A offices and
 facilities with recovered content latex paint
 during 1997. For more information, contact
 Janice Douglas of GSA at 206 931-7081.

 -       •••?    Information Available
 J         J    From EPA
 %. .,       J    This fact sheet and the following publications on
 * ::  . ....... ~J    buying recycled products are available in elec-
ifi,! ,: K ,.-,,:» on iha Internet at http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/
non-iTtV pioeure.htm. Use Internet e-mail to order paper copies
of •»:' !!'";Cnt5, Include the requestor's name and mailing address
,,n .*() r..;.j.j-*5 Address o-mail to: rcra-docket@epamail.epa.gov.
feM of she following Federal Register notices can be found at
hiij); www.epa.gov fedrgstr/search.htm. Search by specific
•:ov. ev Keywords, or by accessing the Government Printing
Gi'iK-*:.- amabdse.
   F-r,::-cr copies also may be ordered by calling the RCRA
fewne Callers within the Washington Metropolitan Area must
:•: j- 703 412-9810 or TDD 703 412-3323  (hearing impaired).
Lono-OiSiance callers may call 800 424-9346 or TDD 800 553-
767 £ The- RCRA Hotline operates weekdays, from 9:00 a.m. to
« Fc^^f Register (FR) notices promulgating CPG I (60 FR
   '. •_• :  lr;5.;3>2-95-006), May 1, 1995, and RMAN I (60 FR
   _. i -  'PA530-Z-95-007), May 1, 1995. Federal Register notices
     .-.••.-• •-.'.-• , a CPG II {62 FR 60961 /EPA530-Z-97-009) and
   ;,:V-AN H f&2 FR 60975/EPA530-Z-97-010), November 13, 1997.
* SPA issues Comprehensive Procurement Guideline
   • EPA5::0-F-95-010). This 4-page fact sheet provides general
   •UK;,; r.Mtion about the CPG and the development of affirmative
   ,;iocurerneni programs.
*> Environmental Fact Sheet— EPA Guideline for Purchasing
   Ccrzoiit snd Concrete Containing Fly Ash (EPA530-SW-91-
    ,;; ; :  ':">•">.. 2-page fact sheet provides general information
   ;:::•:::  •i-y-cfc-s mixed with coal fly ash.
•> Construction Products Containing Recovered Materials
    iF'AB 30-8-97-014). This list identifies sources of construction
   f,?(v'Ju«j-5 containing recovered materials.
» A Study of State and Local Government Procurement
   Practices that Consider Environmental Performance of
   Goods and Services (EPA742-R-96-007). This report pro-
   vv:;c:>  ."Tstoitant program elements and case studies of state
   _.r.j c:.-umy agencies purchasing environmentally preferable
   t:- :-'.,-•-• ?  .'liVJ services. For a copy of the report or more infor-
   .-...: .;. . _.:-, EPA's Environmentally Preferable Purchasing (EPP)
   :.._  ; .  ci; --,ct me Pollution Prevention Information
   C ::   :f!, ;.re at 401 M Street, SW. (7409), Washington, DC
   i: 3-1 50. Phone: 202 260-1023. Fax: 202 260-4659.  Visit the
   iPP homepage at http://www.epa.gov/opptintr/p2home.
              Other Sources of
              * The American Association of State Highway
              and Transportation Officials (AASHTO). AASH-
  TO publishes concrete and cement-mixing specifications, which
  are listed in this fact sheet and in RMAN I. Contact: AASHTO,
  444 North Capitol Street, NW., Suite 249, Washington, DC 20001.
  Phone: 202 624-5800. Fax: 202 624-5806. The Publications
  Sales Office's mailing address is P.O. Box 96716, Washington,
  DC 20090-6716. Phone: 888 227-4860. Fax: 800 525-5562.
* American Concrete Institute (ACI). ACI publishes a standard
  for concrete containing GGBF slag and offers several relevant
  publications. Contact: ACI, P.O. Box 9094, Farmington Hills,
  Ml 48333. Phone: 248  848-3700.
* American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTWI). ASTM
  publishes standards for mixing cement and concrete. Contact:
  ASTM, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA
  19428-2959. Phone: 610 832-9585. Fax: 610 832-9555.
  Homepage: http://www.astm.org.
* Buy Recycled Business Alliance. The Alliance includes over
  3,200 companies and organizations committed to increasing
  their use of recycled-content products and materials in their
  day-to-day operations. The Alliance offers educational materi-
  als, a quarterly newsletter, and product-specific guides.
  Publications include factsheets on insulation and coal fly ash,
  and Building for Tomorrow: Buy Recycled Guidebook for the
  Commercial Construction Industry. Public purchasing entities
  can join free of charge. For more information, contact Bonnie
  Fedchock, National Recycling Coalition, 1727 King Street,
  Suite 105, Alexandria,  VA 22314-2720. Phone: 703 683-9025,
  Ext. 209. Fax:  703 683-9026.
* Directory of Recycled-Content Building and Construction
  Products. This regional directory includes 500 construction
  and building products manufactured partially or totally from
  recycled materials. Contact: Clean Washington Center, First
  Interstate Center, 999  Third Avenue, Suite 1060, Seattle, WA
  98104. Free to Washington residents, $20 for others.
  Phone: 206 464-7040. Fax: 206 464-6902. Homepage:
  http ://www.cwc.org.
•:» Environmental Building News. This monthly newsletter on
  environmentally responsible design and construction includes
   articles on new products and materials, technologies, and con-
   struction methods. Contact: RR 1, Box 161, Brattleboro, VT
   05301. Phone: 802 257-7300. Fax: 802 257-7304. Homepage:

 *• Environmental Resource Guide. Published by the American
   Institute of Architects (AIA), this 1,100-page guide presents
   comprehensive lifecycle information on building materials and
   applications, including products and recyclability. Contact AIA
   at 1735 New York Avenue, NW., Washington,  DC 20006-5292.
   Phone: 800 225-5945. Price: $195 ($175 for members).
   Homepage: http://www.aia.org.
 * Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). With assistance
   from the American Coal Ash Association, Inc., FHWA pub-
   lished Fly Ash Facts for Highway Engineers (FHWA-SA-94-
   081), August 1995. It also maintains a database of state
   specifications for using coal fly ash and GGBF slag. Contact:
   Gary Craword,  Federal Highway Administration, 400 Seventh
   Street, SW., Washington, DC 20590. Phone: 202 366-1286.
 * General Services Administration (GSA). GSA's
   Environmental Products  Guide catalogs environmentally
   preferable products and services available through the Federal
   Supply Service. Copies of Carpet, Carpet Tiles, and Carpet
   Cushion, Multiple Award Schedule FSS72-I-A are also avail-
   able. Contact GSA, Centralized Mailing List Service (7CAFL),
   4900 Hemphill Street, P.O. Box 6477, Fort Worth, TX 76115-
   9939. Phone: 817 334-5215. Fax: 817 334-5227. GSA also
   offers recycled content paint through requisition and process-
   ing. For more information on how to purchase this product,
   contact the GSA Paint and Chemical Commodity Center at
   800 241-7246. You can also access GSA Advantage!, GSA's
   Internet-based online ordering system, to order any GSA prod-
   uct at https://www.fss.gsa.gov/cgi-bins/advwel.
* Greening the Government: A Guide to Implementing
   Executive Order 12873. This publication explains how
   Executive Order 12873 changes federal purchasing. It
   includes case studies and resources for purchasing a. variety
  of products containing recovered materials. Updated in the
  summer of 1997, it is available from the Office  of the Federal
  Environmental Executive, 401 M Street, SW. (Mail Code
  1600), Washington, DC 20460.  Phone: 202 260-1297.
  Fax: 202 401-9503. Homepage: http://www.ofee.gov.
* Guide to Recycled Products: Building and Construction.
  This guide is published by Metro, a regional government agen-
  cy serving the Portland, Oregon, area, but may be useful for
  procurement officials in other areas of the country. It is
  designed to help locate hundreds of recycled-content building
  products. Contact: Metro, 600 NE. Grand Avenue, Portland,
  OR 97232. Phone: 503 234-3000. Fax: 503 797-1795.
    * A Guide to Resource Efficient Building Elements. In addi-
      tion to tips on efficient design and job-site recycling, this guide
      lists several manufacturers that make products using recov-
      ered materials. Contact: Center for Resourceful Building
      Technology, P.O. Box 100, Missoula, MT 59806.
      Phone: 406 549-7678. Fax: 406 549-4100.
    * The Harris Directory of Recycling and Pollution Preventing
      Materials for Home, Office, and Garden. This computer
      database for Macintosh and Windows lists construction prod-
      ucts made with recovered materials. Users can search for top-
      ics using either a key word search or by consulting an
      accompanying 24-page handbook. Contact B.J. Harris, 522
      Acequia Madre, Santa Fe, NM 87501. Phone: 505 995-0337.
    * National Institute of Governmental Purchasing (NIGP).
      NIGP maintains a library of product specifications and sample
      bid documents for both virgin- and recycled-content products,
      including concrete. It also offers procurement training work-
      shops for members.  For more information, contact Fuad Abu-
      Taleb, 11800 Sunrise Valley Drive, Reston, VA 22091.
      Phone: 703 715-9400, Ext. 241. Fax: 703  715-9897.
   * Official Recycled Products Guide. This directory lists more
      than 5,000 manufacturers and distributors of recycled-content
      products, including those of structural fiberboard, paperboard,
      insulation, carpeting, floor tiles, patio blocks, latex paint, and
      shower and restroom dividers. Contact:  Recycling Data
      Management Corporation, P.O. Box 577, Ogdensburg, NY
      13669. Phone: 800 267-0707. Fax: 315  471-3258.
   *  Recycled Plastic Products Source Book. This booklet lists
      more than 1,300 plastic products from approximately 300 man-
      ufacturers, including carpeting, insulation, floor tiles and show-
     er and restroom dividers. For more information, call the
     American Plastics Council (APC), 1801 K Street, NW., Suite
     7010, Washington, DC 20006. Phone: 202 974-5400. Fax: 202
     296-7119. Visit the APC homepage at:
   * Resource Guide to Recycled Construction Products. This
     recycled construction products list is available from the Los
     Angeles Integrated Solid Waste Management Office, 433
     South Spring Street, Fifth Floor, Los Angeles, CA.
     Phone:213847-1444.        !
   * U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USAGE). The Corps has
     specifications for cement containing coal fly ash. Contact Greg
     Hughes, USAGE, 20 Massachusetts Avenue, NW.,
     Washington, DC 20314. Phone: 202 761-4140.
     Fax: 202 761-4139. Homepage: http://www.usace.army.mil.


              Internet Sites
              * Environmental Building News:
              http://www.ebuild.com/. This site is the online
              version of Environmental Building News, the
              leading periodical on environmentally sustain-
  able design and construction. It contains articles, reviews, and
  news stories on energy-efficient, resource-efficient, and
  healthy building practices.
  Green Building Source: http://oikos.com. This site contains
  a catalog of books, videos, and software for sustainable con-
  struction; a searchable database of companies that feature
  environmentally friendly products;  and links to other green
  building sites.

  King County Recycled Product Procurement Program:
  http://www.metrokc.gov/oppis/recyclea.html. This site
  describes the tools and techniques developed by King County,
  Washington, agencies for purchasing recycled products.
* The Procurement Assistance Jumpstation:
  http://www.fedmarket.com/procinet.html. This site contains
  links to many sites containing procurement information.
* Reduce, Reuse, Recycle—Through Procurement:
  http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/non-hw/procure.htm. This
  site describes EPA's effort to facilitate the procurement of
  products containing recovered materials, including information
  on CPG, RMANs, and the Buy Recycled Series.
* Sustainable Building Sources:
  This site contains green building news articles, conference
  announcements, links to other green building sites, and the
  Sustainable Building Sourcebook.

         In addition, contact your state solid waste
    management agency for information about local and
       regional businesses that produce or distribute
                recycled-content products.
    United States
    Environmental Protection Agency
    401 M Street, SW. (5306W)
    Washington, DC 20460

    Official Business
    Penalty for Private Use