United States
            Environmental Protection
            Agency
EPA530-K-95-006
June 1995
            Solid Waste and Emergency Response (5305W)

SEPA     Recycling  Guide
            For Native  American
            Nations
                  Collection
     Purchase
Manufacture
        Recycled/Recyclable - Printed with Vegetable Oil Based Inks
           on 100% Recycled Paper (50% Postconsumer)

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This document  was developed by  U.S.  EPA Region  9, Hazardous Waste
Management  Division,  Solid  Waste  Section.  Mention  of  trade names or
commercial products does not constitute endorsement  or  recommendation
for  use.

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                     Why Recycle?
Recycling is  critical to our efforts to conserve the earth's
natural resources. Recycling also reduces litter and the costs
of solid waste disposal.

This Acoma Pueblo pot  tells
an ancient story  of recycling.
Pueblo Indian women crafted
clay pots that lasted  for  years
of use. When the  pots eventually
broke, they were not  thrown
into  a dump. The  broken pots
were  crushed down to  a  fine
clay powder. The powder was then  soaked to  soften it  to
a workable clay  consistency. This recovered clay was used
to make strong  and beautiful new pots.

Today, we  use   many  materials  once,  and then  consider
them  waste.  Like broken pots, these materials  are actually
precious resources. We  are  all  learning that we cannot
afford to continue throwing away resources  in  our garbage
cans.  Our task now is  to develop again the age-old art  of
recycling.

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Recycling  is defined as the  collecting, manufacturing,  and selling/buying of
new products made  from what once was thought of as  waste. The recycling
symbol of chasing arrows  on the cover  represents the  three  components
necessary  to  make  a difference  through recycling.  This  booklet describes
several ways to participate  in  each  facet of  recycling:  1) collection,  2)
manufacture, and 3)  purchase. Everyone has a vital role to  play.
               Setting  up a Recycling Program

Before  setting up  a recycling program, a careful planning process  should
address these questions:
   • What type of  program best suits  the  community?
   • What is the  quantity  and  composition  of recyclables in the  com-
      munity's waste  stream?
   • What will  the  program cost,  and how can  it be funded?
   • Where can the collected recyclables  be taken?
   • Who  will staff the recycling program?
   • How can  participation be  encouraged?
   • What experience can other  recycling  programs  share?
There  are three broad types of recycling programs: dropoff centers,  buy-back
centers,  and curbside collection.

Dropoff recycling centers are set up  so  that individuals  can  deliver their
recyclables to a designated  collection site.  Containers need  to be well  labeled
and  in  a convenient  location. Grocery  stores or schools  are often willing  to
participate by  providing  a convenient dropoff area in their  parking  lots.
Regularly scheduled  pickup  and cleaning  will  be needed.

Buy-back recycling centers purchase recyclables,  such as aluminum cans, glass,
and  other materials. They are commonly located at  sites  such  as store
parking  lots  for convenience.

Curbside recycling programs  collect recyclables from a  home or business that
has  agreed  to  place  the recyclables into  a designated  recycling container.
These  programs  often operate  in  concert  with  garbage  collection.

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Materials  To Collect
Many  items  in the waste  stream  can
technically be recycled. Market demand
varies  widely for  specific  recyclables
and  may make some materials
uneconomical to  recycle.  Materials
typically  collected include aluminum,
cardboard, office  paper,  glass
containers, steel  cans, newsprint,
yard trimmings,  and  certain
types of  plastics.  Here are several
factors to consider when determining
which  materials to collect:

Markets—Where will the recyclables go after  collection? A reliable buyer
must be  available. Examples of possible buyers include recycling centers,
processors, scrap  yards, and  solid  waste  haulers  offering recycling  services.
Buyers  may  require  a reliable minimum amount of material  to  make a
contract  profitable. They  also  typically   require that the  recyclables they
purchase  be  delivered in a certain  form (baled, crushed, color-sorted). These
factors  will  influence  the  design  of a recycling  collection program.

The  best way to  ensure  a constant market and  reliable  base  price for your
recyclable  materials may  be  to enter into   a  cooperative  marketing
association with  other tribes,  towns, or counties  nearby.  As a member of a
cooperative,  you  will  be  able to  deliver larger quantities of materials to  the
market.  Buyers  usually  prefer to  sign contracts  that  guarantee  larger
supplies. A  carefully written agreement  and experienced  management  will
help  the cooperative  succeed.

Quantity and Composition  of Waste Stream—Over  one-third of the waste
in landfills  is paper. Diverting  paper   alone  (including newspaper  and
cardboard) for recycling can  help extend  landfill life  and/or reduce disposal
costs.  Metals (including aluminum  and steel   cans) and glass comprise
another  20  percent  of solid  waste.

Price—Prices for recyclables vary. Aluminum, white ledger  paper (office
paper), computer  paper, and  cardboard are higher priced items than  plastics
or low-grade  papers.  Costs such as transportation  to market  will affect prices
paid for  recyclables.

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Location, Containers,  and  Equipment

Recycling  programs require  temporary  or  permanent  collection  and  storage
sites. Keep in  mind  the following points  when selecting  a site  for  the
recycling  program:

Siting—A  site  that  is centrally located within a  community  will  encourage
participation.  To easily transport recyclables to market, look for a  site
accessible  to  highways  or railroads.  Zoning or  land use approval  may be
needed for the  collection site.

Structures/Features—The facility  should include  an  enclosed  area to protect
recyclables, workers, and equipment  from weather.  (Aluminum,  steel cans,
and  glass containers may be  stored outside.)  Renovating an existing  building
can  save money.  The facility  should  be designed for loading and unloading
recyclables, including baled materials.  A concrete pad reduces dust and mud.
The  site  should be  fenced  to contain  litter and  provide security.

Containers—A  wide variety  of containers are available  for  every purpose:
office  paper collection,  and  curbside  pickup or  dropoff. When choosing
containers  for your program,  keep in mind  that  they  must be  durable  and
easy to use, and  should  be  designed  to prevent  contamination or mixing of
different materials.  If available,  purchase containers  that are  made from
recycled  materials.

Equipment—A  recycling center typically requires  a baler  and  forklift  at a
minimum, although very small  operations may not  need  them. A glass
crusher helps  density  glass  containers for  lower transportation costs to
market. The equipment  must  be  able  to  process materials appropriately  for
the buyer,  who  will set specifications for the materials you will deliver.
Staffing  the Program

Getting a  recycling  program  off the  ground requires  planning and
coordination. Whether the program  is run  by the tribal government, a local
business, or a nonprofit  organization,  a well-trained  staff is  essential. The
recycling  program  team  should  include an  individual with  operations
management experience.  Enthusiastic  volunteer groups,  guided  by trained
staff,  can  be  invaluable for educational  efforts  and/or assistance  during
collection.

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Educating the  Community

Instilling  new  habits takes time.  The  success of  a  recycling program will
depend  on early  community  involvement, followed by  continuing educational
efforts. Start  by  determining  residents'  interest in recycling  and their
concerns about how the  recycling  program will  work. Be responsive to their
input and provide  clear  information. Make  the  recycling  program  a source
of community  pride  and involvement.

One of the best ways to  ensure  strong  participation  in the program is  to
introduce  recycling to schools  first. When  children leam  about  recycling at
school,  they  serve  as recycling  ambassadors, sharing  what they have  learned
with their families and others  in  the  community.
More Ways  To Reduce Waste

Composting—Composting  is  a  way  of recycling  organic  materials,  such  as
yard clippings  and food  scraps. Through controlled  decomposition, bacteria
can  transform  the materials into a  nutrient-rich  soil  supplement. The
temperature of  the compost must be raised  long  enough to kill weed seeds
and  pathogens.  To decompose effectively, organic  matter also needs aeration
and  time to  mature.

There are two  ways to set up a tribal composting program,  either  of which
would  be a  great  addition to community recycling efforts.  The first is to
promote residential backyard  composting.  Under  this type of program,
composting demonstrations would be  provided to the public.  Composting
bins  could be  offered  as  an encouragement  to  each household to  compost
its organic materials.  Individuals will have  less trash  to dispose of and will
gain a compost that improves the  soil of their gardens.

The  second type  of program is  to  establish a community composting facility.
Yard trimmings from residents would be  collected or dropped  off at the site.
Factors to consider in selecting a site  include  convenience, odors,  visual
impact,  dust, and noise. Well-trained staff will be needed to properly run the
facility.

The compost  produced  can be  used  for landscaping projects  in  the
community. If  composition  and nutrient  content are controlled  and
documented,  the  compost could be sold commercially to farms,  nurseries, or
greenhouses.  Compost  that  is contaminated with weed seeds,  trash, or toxic
compounds can be harmful to the soil, so monitoring is crucial.

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Waste  Exchanges—A waste exchange  is  a  computer network  or  catalog that
redirects unwanted materials  to potential users.  Most  materials listed  are
used or excess  manufacturing or construction materials.  Organizations  and
individuals can  usually  list materials offered  or  wanted  at no  cost. These
exchanges reduce  disposal  costs and allow  others access  to  free or
inexpensive  materials.  Many  states  and cities have  established waste
exchanges.

Another type  of waste exchange is  a local reuse center where individuals  can
donate excess or used materials that  can then be  used  by schools, senior
centers, or other  nonprofit agencies. Donating  or selling used items to
secondhand stores  is  also a great way  to reduce waste.
                    Creating Recycling  Jobs

Recycling can  provide  opportunities to protect your  environment while also
creating  economic  development.  When recyclables  are collected out of the
waste stream, they must be cleaned, processed, and made into new products.
Each step  in the process  adds economic value to the materials. Materials
recovery facilities (MRFs) and composting facilities process materials  for
use  in  manufacturing  or agriculture. These processors  can create non-
manufacturing jobs  that  do not require highly technical skills.

Recycling processors  and manufacturers  need not be  large factories or
multimillion-dollar  businesses.  In fact, many small businesses  have  found a
niche in the marketplace and  are  thriving. These businesses rely on  a work
force that  may  include  manufacturing  jobs, maintenance workers, construc-
tion  workers, planners,  and engineers. By  creating  businesses that keep that
value close to  the  tribe,  one  can ensure markets  for  a tribal recycling
program  and  create jobs at the  same time.  Following are  suggested steps to
determine what types of recycling businesses  are right for specific
circumstances,  as well as examples of  small recycling businesses.


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Startup Steps

1.  Educate  and Involve the  Community

Take  advantage of opportunities to inform tribal leaders,  the public,  business
leaders,  and  the  media about  the benefits  of  creating  local  end  uses
(manufacturing industries) for recyclables. Examples:
  • General or business council meetings
  • Economic development studies or planning  efforts
  • Public  meetings concerning  planning and economic development
  • Community  and  school  gatherings

2.  Define the  "Wasteshed" or  Market  Development Area

A  reliable  supply  of recovered  materials  is  essential  for recycling  manufac-
turing businesses. Recycling collection programs are sources of the  necessary
"raw  materials." Factors influencing the supply of materials include:
  •   Population  density
  •  Regional  economic   conditions
  • Quantity/Quality  of  recyclable materials
  • Proximity of competing markets

3.  Conduct a Supply Analysis

Data  on amounts and types of recoverable wastes  in  the area  are important.
For example,  what volume of cardboard,  aluminum, steel cans, glass, office
paper,  or newsprint  is  generated  locally?  An estimate may be obtained  by
conducting  a  waste stream analysis or by  examining statistics from com-
munities with  similar population densities  and economic  characteristics.

4.  Survey  Local  Business  and Industry for  Potential End-Uses

The goal of a local  survey is to identify  types of products manufactured  in
the area, raw materials currently used, types of  packaging  and modes  of
transportation  used  to  ship  local  products, and  costs of equipment
modifications  to  allow  substitution  of  recyclable  materials.  Tribal  economic
development  offices or community colleges  may be able to assist  with
development of a survey.

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5.  Set  Criteria for Selecting a  Product  or Production Process

What types of manufacturing processes are feasible  for the area? Establish
basic criteria to help select business  ventures for more  detailed research and
development.  Examine  the following  aspects  of  potential manufacturing
processes  to ensure  a good fit  with  your community:
   •  Startup  capital  requirements
   •  Water  and energy  needs
   •  Distance  to  markets
   •  Human resources requirements
   •  Labor pool availability and training  needs
   •  Types and  amounts  of manufacturing wastes and  access  to disposal
   •  Regulatory and  permitting issues
   •  Local land use  factors

6.  Research Your  Business  Venture

After selecting the most  promising type(s) of production process,  the  focus
shifts to determining  a specific  product(s) to  manufacture.  This  research will
aid in  the preparation of a business plan, and should  include:
   •  Information on  markets,  equipment,  patents, and labor  standards
   •  Market analysis to identify market niche and  competitors
   •  Interviews  with existing manufacturers
   •  Interviews  with potential  customers to determine preferences

7.  Prepare  a  Business Plan

A  business  plan  is the blueprint for building  a business  and is required by
investors, funding  agencies,  and financial institutions. The information
gathered for Steps 5 and 6 form the basis for the business  plan.

8.  Obtain Financing and  Support for the Business  Venture

Explore all private  and federal,  state,  and local government  sources  for
financing, such  as:
   •  Small Business  Administration loan programs.
   •  Bureau of Indian Affairs  economic  development  grants or loans.
   •  Community development  block grants.
   •  Special  financing  programs for rural and women- and minority-owned
     businesses.

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     Industrial  development  bonds.
     Revolving  loan funds.
     Partnerships  with existing industries.
Sample  Recycling  Manufacturing Businesses

A variety  of companies manufacture  recycled  products.  Here are some
examples  of  small  to  medium-sized companies:

Cascade Forest Products,  Arcata, CA—The  company  uses  wood  waste  from
area sawmills to produce packaged  and  bulk soil  products. Cascade employs
30  people and is  exploring  opportunities to  include residential  yard
materials.

Michelson Packaging Company, Yakima, WA—The  company  manufactures
packaging  for fresh fruits  and vegetables  from recycled newsprint.  Over
400,000 produce pads are made per day, and Michelson employs between 18
and 27 people full-time.

Rubber Products,  Inc.,  Tampa,  FL—Using tire buffing dust and scrap
rubber, the  company produces  puncture-resistant floor tiles for  golf
clubhouses,  skating rinks, and athletic weight rooms.  Rubber Products
employs  30 people  full-time and produces  1,000  tiles per day.

Wisconsin Plastic Drain  Tile,  Madison,  WI—The company manufactures
pipe from plastic bottles. Employing 17  people, Wisconsin Plastic Drain Tile
produces  15  tons of pipe per  day  for  the construction industry.

Sample businesses and startup steps reprinted by permission of Gainer &
Associates, 1630 27th Street, Arcata, CA  95521.

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 10

       Buying Recycled Closes the Recycling Loop

Buying  recycled sends  a message to  industry  that recycled products are  in
demand, helping to  ensure  that recyclable materials  will  not be  wasted.
When recyclable materials become  the  raw materials  of industry, they re-
duce the need  for mineral extraction and timber harvesting. Less water and
energy  are  typically  required  to make  products from  existing (recovered)
materials than  from  virgin  materials.

When you  buy recycled products, you save  vital natural resources and  help
stimulate  economic  growth  through  environmentally  preferable  technolo-
gies. Each  individual purchase contributes to resource  conservation,  as  well
as to stable markets for the recyclables many  communities  collect.  The
following information on buying recycled products assists tribal governments,
organizations, and  individuals in  making  a  commitment to buy recycled.

Recycled Products Are Everywhere

Many of the products we use daily are made from recycled materials. Cereal
boxes,  soda bottles, paint, tissue  paper and napkins,  copier paper,  and floor
coverings  are  examples of products that can be made from  recycled
materials. Tf you purchase these items, you  may  already be buying recycled.
Recycled materials also  turn up in products  that are  very different from  their
original  uses, such as carpet  made from  plastic soda  bottles and asphalt that
incorporates  recycled glass.

Setting up a Buy-Recycled  Program

Tribal   governments, which  purchase  everything  from  office  paper to
construction materials,  can  set a positive  example  for their  members by
instituting  a buy-recycled program.  An  easy  first step is to  try  to  "think
recycled" whenever making  a purchase. Ask office supply stores or  catalogs
to carry recycled  products  if they  do  not  already. Look for brands  that
minimize packaging or  that  can be re-used.  For tribes interested in  a formal
buy-recycled program, here  are the  key  elements:

1. Review  Specifications

Tribal purchasing officials can review product and  service specifications or
policies  to  identify and  eliminate any provisions that require the  use of virgin
products, or  that  exclude the use of recycled  products.
                                                                          4

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                                                                       11
2.  Establish Content Standards
Many government agencies have established minimum recycled content
standards  that apply to their  own  purchases  of certain goods  and materials.
Guidelines  may vary on the minimum percentage of recycled materials
required in specific products. For example, President Clinton has issued an
Executive Order requiring that paper purchased by federal agencies  contain
a minimum of 20 percent postconsumer recycled content.

3.  Give Preference  to  Recycled Products

With  current technologies  and scales of production, some recycled products
cost more than their nonrecycled competitors.  Eventually,  prices  for  all
recycled  products are  expected to  be competitive with products made from
virgin materials.  Until  then,  recycling  can  be supported with price
preferences for recycled  products.  A  typical  price preference  might allow  for
the purchase of  recycled products  at 5  to  10 percent higher than the price
of comparable virgin products. Another  good way to  support  recycling is to
require printers  and contractors to  submit  bids, proposals,  and  reports  on
recycled  paper,  printed on both  sides, with removable bindings or staples.

Definitions

Here is a guide  to  common  recycling terms.  Some of these terms  appear on
product labeling to denote recycled content.

Minimum  Content Standard —  Purchasing  standard specifying  the percent-
age  of recycled material  that purchased products  must contain.

Postconsumer — Indicates that  a product  is  made  from materials  that were
used by  the consumer and discarded for recycling.

Preconsumer/Postindustrial  —  Indicates that  a  product  is manufactured
from  industrial  waste materials.

Recovered  Material  — Materials  diverted from  municipal solid waste;  does
not include byproducts  from original manufacturing processes.

Recyclable — This does not denote  a  product made  from recycled  materials.
It  simply  means that  the  package  or product may  be recyclable.

Recycled  — Indicates that a product is manufactured with recovered materials
(not necessarily postconsumer).
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12

RCRA Guidelines — Guidelines for  federal  purchasing outlined in  the
Resource  Conservation and Recovery  Act of  1976.  The  guidelines  specify
minimum  content standards for  paper and other products.  While  not
mandatory, the RCRA guidelines may  be useful tools in the development of
a buy-recycled program.

Virgin Material  — Indicates  that  a product  is  manufactured from  natural
resources  such as trees,  petroleum, minerals, or sand.  These products
contain no recovered materials.

NOTE:  These terms can be  used in  a misleading  manner. Products  labeled
"recycled"  may not contain any  postconsumer content.  The  terms often refer
to materials used  in packaging  rather than  in  the  actual product.
Finding Help:  Additional  Resources

Administration for  Native Americans (ANA) (202) 690-7776 — ANA provides
competitive  grants to  support social  and economic development  projects.

Bureau  of Indian Affairs (BIA) (202) 208-5326 — BIA's Economic Develop-
ment Office  provides  grants,  loans,  and  small business  development
assistance.

Buy Recycled  Business  Alliance  (202)  625-6406  —  A  service of the National
Recycling Coalition.  Member services include technical  assistance and  peer
counseling on buying recycled. Any organization may  join at no  cost.

Composting Council (703)  739-2401  — A national  association  that promotes
composting  and serves  as  an information  clearinghouse.  The  Council  can
provide information  on  setting  up community  composting programs.

Cooperative  Marketing Network  (402) 444-4188  —  The  Network can provide
contacts  at  regional  cooperative  marketing  associations  across  the  country.
They publish a  free  newsletter with information on the cooperative
marketing of recyclables.

Foundations — Numerous private foundations  award grants for a  variety of
community  development projects. The Foundation  Center, (212)  620-4230,
provides free  access to  foundation directories  at many  public libraries.

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                                                                        13

Indian Health Service  (IHS)  — The IHS  Environmental  Health Program is
available  to  provide technical  assistance in setting up  recycling programs.
Contact your local  IHS office.

Intel-Tribal Councils —  If your tribe  is part of an InterTribal  Council,  the
Council  may be  able to  provide you with information on  establishing a
recycling  program  or  forming  linkages with  other  interested  tribes.

Keep America Beautiful  (203) 323-8987 —  A national nonprofit organization
with  extensive recycling educational  materials  available.

National  Recycling  Coalition (NRC) (202) 6256406 —  NRC is a  nonprofit
alliance   of  recycling  organizations that  provides technical  education,
increases  public awareness,  and carries out  legislative  advocacy.

National  Development  Council (NDC) (212)  682-1106 —  NDC is  a private
nonprofit  corporation  that  assists  small   businesses  in packaging  loan
applications.

Recycled  Product  Guide (800)  267-0707  —  Over  3,500 certified recycled
product listings  are  featured in  the  guide,  including  manufacturers,
distributors,  and  retailers.  Annual subscription  rates vary.

RecycleLine  (800) 233-9923 — A national on-line database providing informa-
tion on recycled products.  Rates vary.

Rural Development Administration/Farmers  Home Administration —
RDA/FmHA administers  three  programs for  rural  low-income  communities
that may  assist  in setting up  collection  programs or recycling enterprises:
   •  Community Facilities  Program  (202) 720-1500
   •  Rural Business Enterprise  Grant Program  (202) 720-1500
   •  Business and  Industry  Guaranteed  Loan Program  (202) 690-4100

Small  Business Administration (SBA)  (800) 827-5722  — SBA  offers business
development assistance and guarantees  small  business  loans from  private
lenders.   SBA's  Small  Business  Answer  Desk provides  information  on
training and  other  services  offered.

State  Recycling  Offices — Most states have a recycling office  or hotline
located in their environmental  department.  Check  with  individual  states  on
the types of assistance  they  could offer in  establishing  recycling  programs.

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 14

 State  Departments of Commerce  — All states have a commerce  or  economic
 development office, which may administer small business loan programs.
 Check with individual  states on the types of assistance they  could offer in
 establishing recycled  product enterprises.

 Tribal Economic Development  Offices — Some tribes may be able to provide
business  development  assistance  to their members.

 U.S. Department of Housing  and  Urban Development (202)  708-1422 —
HUD's Indian Program  administers  the  Community  Development  Block
 Grant  Program, which provides  funds  for  community  infrastructure projects.

 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — Contact the  Solid Waste  Program
of your EPA  regional office, listed on  the next two pages.  The  staff can
provide general information on setting  up recycling  programs, as well as
 educational materials for  use  in the  community.

 You can  also call  EPA's  RCRA  Hotline for more  information  or to  order
educational materials.  Callers  within the  Washington Metropolitan  Area
must  dial  (703) 412-9810 or TDD (703)  412-3323 (hearing  impaired).  Long-
 distance callers may call  toll-free,  (800)  424-9346 or  TDD (800) 553-7672.
 The RCRA Hotline is  open Monday through Friday,  8:30  a.m. to 7:30  p.m.,
Eastern Standard  Time.

 Copies of  documents  applicable  to  rulemakings may be obtained by writing:
 RCRA Information Center (RIC), U.S.  Environmental Protection  Agency,
 Office of  Solid Waste (5305W),  401 M Street, SW.,  Washington, DC 20460.

Waste Haulers,  Recycling Processors,  and/or Scrap  Yards — Check the
yellow pages  of area phone books  for companies  that buy recyclable
 materials.

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                                                                  15
EPA Regional  Contacts
U.S. EPA Region 1
Waste  Management  Division
(HEE-CAN  6)
JFK Federal Building
Boston, MA 02203
(617) 565-3927

U.S. EPA Region 2
Air &  Waste Management
Division (2AWM-SW)
26  Federal  Plaza
New York,  NY  10278
(212) 264-3384

U.S. EPA Region 3
RCRA  Solid Waste  Program
(3HW53)
841  Chestnut Building
Philadelphia, PA 19107
(215) 597-7936
U.S. EPA Region 4
Waste  Management Division
(4WD-RCRA-FF)
345  Courtland Street,  NE.
Atlanta, GA 30365
(404) 347-2091

U.S. EPA Region 5
Waste  Management Division
(H-7J)
77  West Jackson Boulevard
Chicago,  IL  60604
(312) 886-7599

U.S. EPA Region 6
RCRA  Programs  Branch
First Interstate Bank Tower
1445 Ross Avenue,  Suite 1200
       TX 75202
(214) 655-6752

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U.S.  EPA Region 7
Waste  Management Division
726 Minnesota Avenue
Kansas City, KS  66101
(913) 551-7817

U.S.  EPA Region 8
Hazardous  Waste  Management
Branch  (HWM-WM)
999  18th Street,  Suite  500
Denver, CO 80202
(303) 293-1818
U.S.  EPA Region 9
Hazardous  Waste  Management
Division  (H-3-1)
75 Hawthorne Street
San Francisco, CA 94105
(415) 744-2074

U.S.  EPA Region 10
Hazardous  Waste Division
(HW-114)
1200  Sixth Avenue
Seattle, WA 98101
(206) 553-6639

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                                                        17
This  document also is available  free  of
charge  on  the Internet.  To  access, go
through the EPA Public Access Server to
gopher.epa.gov.  From  the  main  menu, go
to "EPA Offices and Regions." The docu-
ment can be  found under the "Office of
Solid Waste"  directory.
*U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1995-0-623-570

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