United States
Environmental Protection
Solid Waste
and Emergency Response
November 1997
WasteWi$e Third Year
Progress Report: 1996
       Printed on paper that contains at least 20 percent postconsumer fiber.

             SUMMARY OF 1996
              WASTE REDUCTION
              WORKS FOR EVERYONE
           19964997 PROGRAM

                SUMMARY OF  1996

   . he Waste Wi$e program celebrated its third anniversary
in 1996. Looking back, it is easy to see why the program
has been so successful — we have outstanding members that
continue to show the enthusiasm and commitment neces-
sary to effectively reduce waste. Since the program's incep-
tion in 1994, Waste Wi$e partnership has grown to more
than 600 members. Over this same 3 -year period, partners
have reduced nearly 1 1 million tons of waste.
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                                           Texas Instrument*
                        The program originally targeted businesses, but more recently has
                      encouraged the noncorporate world to partner with us to focus on
                      internal waste reduction. Increasingly, other organizations, including
                      state, local, and tribal governments; schools and universities; and hospi-
                      tals and nonprofits, have decided to take the WasteWi$e challenge. The
                      program now serves more than 50 sectors, and the number of employees
                      at reporting facilities range from 2 to  750,000. Just about any organiza-
                      tion can benefit from WasteWi$e!
                        This report documents results achieved by our partners in 1996 and
                      describes how Waste Wi$e participation has grown and how Waste Wi$e
                      has expanded its services over the past 18 months. The relatively new con-
                      cept of eco-efficiency — promoting sustainable development in a competi-
                      tive marketplace — is pushing organizations to seek new ways to reduce

their environmental impact and upgrade organi-
zational operations. Participation in voluntary
EPA programs, such as WasteWi$e, helps busi-
nesses and other institutions define internal
processes, improve their public image, and pre-
vent harmful greenhouse gases from entering
the environment.
   WasteWi$e partners implement waste pre-
vention strategies to become  eco-efficient
organizations. Waste prevention—eliminating
waste before recycling—is an integral concept
to emerging international environmental stan-
dards. It can help organizations improve effi-
ciency and increase competitiveness, while
allowing them to take  an active role in pro-
tecting the environment. In 1996, partners
eliminated more than 453,000 tons of mate-
rials through waste prevention—an increase of
more than 30 percent over the 1995 total.

   Reductions were achieved through a com-
bination of tried-and-true methods and newer,
innovative waste reduction strategies. From
reducing transport packaging to transforming
damaged utility poles into artificial reefs,
WasteWi$e partners far exceeded 1994 and
1995 totals and proved that they are environ-
mental leaders in the global marketplace.

   WasteWi$e partners have always been one
step ahead of their competitors  in using waste
reduction to achieve cost savings and increase
efficiency. Partners have found that it is more
cost-effective to  reduce and reuse than to pur-
chase excess supplies and dispose of unneeded
   WasteWi$e Plays  a Lead Role in Reducing Greenhouse Gas

     In 1993, President Clinton initiated the Climate Change Action Plan to strengthen our country's
     commitment to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The plan outlined more than 50 voluntary
   initiatives designed to reduce emissions of these gases to 1990 levels by the year 2000. EPA is
   responsible for encouraging attainment of about half the reductions under this plan.
      WasteWi$e partners have been playing a leading role in helping the nation to achieve these goals
   during the past 3 years. Since 1994, WasteWi$e partners have prevented and recycled almost 11 mil-
   lion tons of materials. Just how do WasteWi$e efforts fit into the Climate Change Action Plan?
      By reducing waste, WasteWi$e partners also divert millions of tons of material from the waste
   stream. They attain higher  levels of efficiency by only using materials that they really need. Simply
   put, as organizations prevent more waste and recycle more materials, fewer greenhouse gases are
   emitted into the atmosphere.
      Waste prevention, reducing waste before recycling, greatly reduces the emission of greenhouse
   gases by conserving raw materials and  the energy expended to retrieve,  process, and manufacture
   materials into products. In addition, waste prevention keeps materials out of landfills and incinera-
   tors. Overall, waste prevention provides more climate change benefits than any other waste man-
   agement option.
      By boosting their recycling efforts, WasteWi$e partners divert valuable materials from the waste
   stream that otherwise would be disposed of in landfills and incinerators, where they would emit
   greenhouse gases. In particular, many companies have increased their recycling of office paper
   and corrugated containers. Keeping  paper out of landfills reduces methane emissions. Trees take
   large amounts of carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere and store it in wood—when used paper is
   recycled into new paper products, fewer trees have to be harvested and more carbon dioxide is
   absorbed. When WasteWi$e partners use recyclables, rather than raw materials, in manufacturing
   processes,  they not only divert waste, but also save energy needed to mine raw materials.

                                 UvEPA's W&st&Wife/ Program
                        ow watte reduction success. Setting specific
goals Mid m&ajsiiritig our fwogress touwds tk&s&goals kat
               to both identify  Mid docuMWMt slg^lcaJKt wnste
 reductions Mid cost satsinqs."
                            —Kofc Meissen^  Director,
                  materials. In avoided dis-
                  posal fees alone, the
                   reported volume of waste
                   prevented represents a
                   potential savings of near-
                   ly $15.4 million1.
                    Avoided purchasing
                    costs are often much
                    higher than avoided
                     disposal fees.
                     WasteWi$e estimates
                      that the avoided paper
                      purchasing costs for
                      all reporting partners
            in 1996 could be as high as $64.5
million2! This money can be channeled back
into the organizations to improve productivity,
resource efficiency, and competitiveness.
  Waste prevention is not the only way to
reduce waste and achieve cost savings. Partners
continued to report impressive recycling num-
bers, nearing 4.8 million tons in 1996.
Avoided disposal costs for these materials could
exceed $162.5 million. The most commonly
recycled materials included metals, wood, and
corrugated cardboard, making up more than 80
percent of the total. Partners didn't stop at
recycling. They continued to close  the loop by
buying almost 4.3 million tons of recycled con-
tent products. Many manufactured new prod-
ucts with recycled content or increased the
percentage of recycled content in existing
manufactured products. These activities divert-
ed almost 1.8 million tons from disposal and
promoted the wise use of materials.
   Both waste prevention and recycling col-
lection totals have continued to increase dur-
ing the past 3 years. There has been a fourfold
increase  in overall waste reduction, although
the number of partners reporting has
decreased. Partners are not only reducing
more, they also are finding better ways to
measure  their reductions. Having completed
3 years in the program, many of our partners
have become measurement experts!
   While many organizations are still focused
on the important task of achieving compliance
with environmental standards, WasteWi$e
partners  have moved beyond compliance to
resource  conservation and sustainable develop-
ment. We salute our partners for their dedica-
tion to fostering a sustainable environment. As
for those who have not yet joined the program,
we encourage you to do so today.
                This figure is based on an average 1996 U.S. tipping fee of $34 per ton, as compiled by Biocycle in the April 1997 issue, "The
                State of Garbage in America."
                These figures are based on the 1996 average costs of $876.67 per ton of high-grade office paper and $319.58 per ton of
                medium-weight corrugated, as derived from low-end costs reported by Pulp & Paper, 1996.



     >teWi$e partners tell us that the best waste reduc-
tion programs touch on all departments, divisions, and
branches of an organization. Organizations that incorporate
waste reduction strategies into all working relationships
(e.g., with customers, suppliers, and employees) achieve
higher cost savings through efficient use of materials and
reduced disposal fees. Reductions ranged from 5 pounds to
more than 90 million pounds, and partners reported sav-
ings of up to $17 million for individual waste prevention
activities. Regardless of the specific reduction or savings
per activity, WasteWi$e partners are putting forth more
effort than ever and are realizing impressive results. Their
commitment to reducing waste is paying off!
        "At Nortkeajst Utilities, ure appreciate tkeflexibility in setting
       goals and performing activities tkat is provided by WatteWi$e.
        We tailor goals to our company and involve many departments
                      r. Tkis uunlvement sustains tkeprogram, >
                                   Sesdor Sdwtist, Ewwonwwwtal Prog
                                        Norfkeast Utilities Service Cowpatw

   Common Waste Prevention Strategies: "Everyone's Doing It!"

        The following waste prevention methods have been the most popular among
        WasteWi$e partners during the last 3 years. These methods have been proven
   to slash waste and save money. Use them and see for yourself.

   • Switching to reusables. Just ask WasteWi$e partner, Johnson & Johnson, how successful this
     strategy is. Johnson & Johnson implemented a program to utilize returnable shipping pallets
     and components,  conserving 45 million pounds of packaging materials. The Maytag Corp.
     eliminated almost  4.5 million pounds of wood from the waste stream and saved more than
     $27,000 in 1996 by refurbishing damaged pallets and reusing them instead of throwing them

   • Going paperless with technology. WasteWi$e partners reduce waste by staying on the cutting
     edge of technology. Bell South Telecommunications reduced  nearly 30 million pounds of
     paper and saved more than $16 million by reducing paper printouts through increased use of
     an electronic filing system. They also reduced more than 12,000 pounds of paper and saved
     more than $90,000 by billing some customers electronically.

   • Duplex copying. Duplex copying (copying on both sides of a page), works for all organizations,
     large and small. NYNEX saved 71,000 pounds of copier paper by encouraging users at its 13
     copy centers to complete duplication jobs with two-sided printing.

   • Donation programs. Donation is a great way to divert waste from the landfill—after all, one per-
     son's trash is another person's treasure! The Walt Disney World Company donated more than
     1 million pounds of wood, piping, fixtures, and other used construction materials  to nonprofit
     organizations, lowering disposal costs for themselves and building costs for the nonprofits.

   • Employee education.  Employee participation is key to the success of a program, and to partici-
     pate, employees must be knowledgeable about the waste reduction efforts. Opp  and Micolas
     Mills educates its employees through a rotating waste minimization team. As new members join
     the team, old members train them and leave the team. They then go back to their depart-
     ments, where they take what they learned while on the team and apply it to different  depart-
     ments and areas of the organization.
Working With


  WasteWi$e partners strengthened partner-
ships with suppliers in 1996 to reduce waste,
reuse materials, and close the recycling loop.
Most efforts were geared at reducing waste on
the WasteWi$e partners' end, but some part-
ners went a step further to encourage suppliers
to consider their own solid waste issues. In
addition to asking suppliers to use recycled
materials in packaging and products, some
partners promoted the idea of extended prod-
uct responsibility, requiring that suppliers
decrease packaging or implement return pro-
grams. By developing specifications, imple-
menting return programs, and maintaining
open lines of communication with suppliers,
WasteWi$e partners eliminated thousands of
tons of wood, corrugated containers, and other
packaging materials from the waste stream.

   Waste reduction came in all shapes and
sizes, from small envelopes to huge cable
spools. Partners, such as OECO Corp.,
worked with suppliers and other mail sources

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Director of Ewwonwwvkal Affairs, M&DonaJUi's Corp.
              customers each year are demanding less pack-
              aging on products in order to decrease their
              own household waste. WasteWi$e partners
              have found that waste reduction can help
              organizations maintain their competitive edge
              through fewer purchases and lower disposal
              costs, and increased productivity through con-
              tinual process improvements. An indirect ben-
              efit of these waste reduction activities is the
              enhanced public image associated with envi-
              ronmentally conscious organizations.
              WasteWi$e partners have shown, for the third
              year in a row, that they know how to please
              customers and clients, while making signifi-
              cant waste reductions. Following are a few
              highlights of strategies that partners used
              when working with customers in 1996:
              •  DSC Communications Corp. used elec-
                 tronic conversions to reduce waste by con-
                 verting paper manuals to CD-ROMs for
                 some customers and saved more than
                 $244,000 and 50,000 pounds of paper.
                 Converting paper phone books to an online
                 version saved the company  $80,000 and
                 eliminated an additional 16,000 pounds of
                 paper waste.
              •  Eastman Kodak Company recently
                 processed its 100 millionth "one-time-use"
                 camera for reuse or recycling. In 1996, the
                 company achieved a 74 percent recycling
                 rate with 86 percent of each camera reused
                 or recycled. In all, Kodak has diverted more
                 than 10 million pounds of waste from dis-
                 posal as a result of this program.
                                Herman Miller, an office furniture manu-
                                facturer, implemented a return program for
                                corrugated containers used for packaging
                                finished goods, resulting in the reuse of
                                more than 100,000 pounds of corrugated
                                cardboard and saving $50,000.
                                Procter & Gamble lightened its customers'
                                grocery bags by lightweighting hand deter-
                                gent bottles  and fabric softener sheet boxes.
                                Their overall packaging reductions exceed-
                                ed 12 million pounds in 1996 alone!
                                Having successfully reduced packaging in
                                many of their clothing lines, Target Stores
                                developed a  new centralized reuse program
                                for hangers. Although the company has
                                reused their hangers in the past, this pro-
                                gram has centralized the activity. Target's
                                stores use more than 200 million hangers
                                per year and reuse up to 90 percent.
                                The U.S. Food and Drug Administration
                                requires medical device  manufacturing
                                company Sulzer Intermedics, Inc., to send
                                a specific amount  of literature with each
                                product they ship. By instituting a program
                                in which physicians can review and return
                                any unwanted or duplicative literature, they
                                were  able to restock more than 51,000
                                pieces of literature. This saved the compa-
                                ny more than $32,000 in printing and
                                material costs in 1996.

                                Xerox takes back  used printers and photo-
                                copiers  as part of its "Design for the Environ-
                                ment" efforts. The company disassembles
                                and salvages usable parts for remanufacture,

  diverting more than 75 million pounds
  from disposal in 1996. In other efforts to
  reuse materials, Xerox launched the Toner
  Container Return Program on Earth Day
  1995. Through this program, customers
  rebox empty toner containers in their origi-
  nal packaging and return them with the
  shipping costs paid by Xerox. The contain-
  ers are then cleaned, inspected, and refilled
  or recycled. In 1996, 1 million pounds of
  plastic and other materials were reused.
Waste  Reduction in


  Organizations in the 1990s face a variety
of competing demands—keeping costs low
and quality high, staying competitive in a
global marketplace, and meeting consumer
preferences for more environmentally benign
products. By incorporating environmental
considerations into the design and redesign
of products, processes, and technical and
management systems, organizations are man-
aging these challenging demands. In 1996,
WasteWi$e partners developed a variety of
innovative practices that drastically reduced
the volume of waste generated in the manu-
facturing and production area.
  Process improvements were a common
strategy to reduce manufacturing waste during
1996. Some partners made changes in the
amount of raw materials used. McDonald's, for
example, conserved more than 12,000,000
pounds of mixed paper by reducing the size of
its napkins by 1 inch. Other partners installed
new equipment to improve manufacturing
processes. For example, textile manufacturer
Cone Mills installed a system to recover soft
thread waste, thus reducing the waste of
1,200,000 pounds of cotton.

  Packaging changes were a popular strategy
to reduce waste in manufacturing facilities:

• Allergan, Inc. focused on  improving pack-
  aging design for their products, reducing
  their packaging discards by almost 300,000

• The Dow Chemical Company implement-
  ed an 'in-plant labeling' system that elimi-
  nated the purchasing of excess labeling
  materials, conserving more than  6,000
  pounds of coated paper. The company also
  reduced primary packaging, diverting
  1,162,500 pounds of kraft paper bags and
  530,000 pounds of corrugated boxes. The
  Dow Chemical Company reduced material
  use in steel drums by standardizing specifi-
  cations and downgauging steel drum thick-
  nesses and weight, saving 1,200,000
  pounds of steel. These packaging reduction
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                  Company Size Doesn't
                  Matter When It Comes to
                  Waste Reduction

                      From large, multinational corpora-
                      tions to small nonprofit organiza-
                  tions, waste reduction can work for
                  everyone. Though the following
                  results may not seem as significant as
                  some of our larger figures, they repre-
                  sent the stellar achievements of our
                  small and midsized organizations.
                  WasteWi$e congratulates everyone on
                  a great year—keep up the good work
                  in keeping the waste down!

                  • Nauticus (National Maritime Center)
                    donated used 3D glasses to an artist
                    who reuses the polarized lenses to cre-
                    ate works of art.
                  • OECO Corp. donated almost 300
                    pounds of manila envelopes to a
                    nonprofit for reuse, saving $500.
                  • Preston Gates & Ellis LLP developed a
                    system to donate unserved food to a
                    local shelter. The company also
                    reduced its cafeteria waste by replacing
                    disposable cups and plates with
                    reusable ones.
                  • Sligo Adventist School initiated a com-
                    posting program and reduced 500
                    pounds of food wastes.
                  • Stonyfield Farm Yogurt donated nearly
                    340,000 pounds of yogurt to local farm-
                    ers for pig feed. In addition, the compa-
                    ny achieved an average annual recycling
                    rate of 66  percent.
                  • Triplex Direct Marketing eliminated
                    1,000 pounds of paper from the waste
                    stream by shredding documents for
                    packaging material.
  efforts saved the company an estimated
  $4,000,000 in 1996.

  Synthetic Industries switched from dispos-
  able paper tubes to reusable aluminum
  tubes, conserving 10,000,000 pounds of
  corrugated cardboard.
Working  With


   Perhaps the most effective way for
WasteWi$e partners to see results is by work-
ing internally, with employees. The possibili-
ties for waste reduction are endless when an
organization has a group of willing participants
to carry out the activities and measure the
results. Waste reduction strategies with
employees run the gamut of function areas in
an organization: from the main office, to the
cafeteria, to groundskeeping and housekeeping.
   One of the biggest waste streams that
employees can reduce is paper. BankAmerica
challenged employees to reduce paper in 1996.
The volume of waste paper generated daily by
the company at the start of the waste reduc-
tion program was equivalent in height (if
stacked) to the tallest building in San
Francisco! The bank reported a savings of
more than 4 million pounds of paper through
various office paper reduction efforts.
   In 1996, WasteWi$e partners diverted more
than 141,000 tons of office paper from the
waste stream through recycling and by using
the following common methods:
•  Duplex copying saved Pennsylvania Power
   & Light Corp. more than 41,000 pounds
   of high-grade paper.
•  Reusing once-used paper saved Merle A.
   Nunnemaker, D.D.S., the purchase cost of
   post-it notes and message pads when the
   office started using the backs of once-used
   papers for memos and reminders.

  Paper wasn't the only material targeted by
employees in 1996. WasteWi$e partners also
reduced waste by hosting internal materials
exchanges and by giving away items to
employees. Materials salvaged included furni-
ture, electronics, and office supplies. The
University of Notre Dame put more than
200,000 pounds of furniture to good use by
reusing it internally or donating the surplus to
charitable organizations. The reuse of furni-
ture on campus resulted in a savings of more
than $250,000 in the avoided purchase cost
of new furniture. Battelle, through  its Pacific
Northwest Laboratories, established a lab
equipment pool that redistributes reusable sci-
entific, office, and electronic equipment and
tools. In 1996, the pool facilitated the reuse of
more than 1,000 items, resulting in a
$1,000,000 savings. UTC Carrier Corp.
donated more than 100,000 pounds of pack-
aging to employees for reuse. These organiza-
tions prove that taking a second look at waste
can be profitable to everyone involved.
  None of these results could have been
achieved without the participation of the
employees. Many partners conducted exten-
sive education and outreach programs in 1996
to keep their workers interested and aware of
WasteWi$e efforts. Programs ranged from 1-
day workshops to continual training in the
areas of waste management and environmen-
tal consciousness—partners report that educa-
tion and outreach are key components of their
successful waste reduction programs.
Waste  Reduction

With the


  WasteWi$e partners have always been
active members in their communities, provid-
ing employment, donating excess supplies, and
providing services to others in need. When
Dow Corning Corp. began its formal recy-
cling effort in May 1990, the intent was sim-
ply to recycle their office waste. Now, how-
ever, the firm has established an added benefit
in the community by employing individuals
with disabilities to process recyclables. Besides
diverting more  than 49 million pounds from
disposal annually, Dow Coming's recycling
efforts have created employment for individu-
als with physical disabilities and mental chal-
lenges within the Midland, Michigan, commu-
nity. Revenue generated from Dow Coming's
recycling program is reinvested into the pro-
gram to sponsor and promote recycling within
the community.

  Other WasteWi$e organizations are closing
the loop in their communities by using local
recyclables in their products. In 1996, Fort
Howard's Green Bay Mill, now part of Fort
James Corp., used more than 1,140,000
pounds of mixed waste paper as the primary
raw material for the manufacture of its fin-
ished products. Of this amount, more than
36,000,000 pounds came from the surround-
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          skowtat&jvr our wnst& reduction efforts.  Tk& recognition otw
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                                                D. Wilson^ Vic& President, fortjamet Corp.

                  Think Twice Before You Throw It Away!

                         As the concept of waste reduction catches on, people are beginning to
                         source reduce, reuse, and recycle an increasing assortment of materials.
                  WasteWi$e partners, who have extensive experience with waste reduction activities,
                  are now looking for new strategies to reduce waste. Following are some examples
                  of the different materials partners reduced in 1996.  Keep up the creative effort!

                  • ComEd annually replaces approximately 18,000 to 20,000 of its wood electric utility poles due
                    to service improvements. In the past, undamaged poles could not be reused, because critical
                    preservatives were lost upon removal of the pole from the ground. ComEd initiated a simple
                    but effective "pole bandage" program that restores wood preservatives and prevents the pole
                    from rotting at the ground line upon reuse. As a result, in 1996 ComEd reused 740 poles to
                    mount electrical equipment, avoiding 2,500 cubic yards in landfill disposal and saving
                    $126,000 in pole replacement and disposal costs.

                  • Dan River, Inc., a textile manufacturer, sold 6,000 pounds of fabric scraps to a company that
                    transforms them  to handmade rugs.

                  • Johnston Industries,  a textile manufacturer, composted 12.5 million pounds of fiber waste in
                    1996. Another type of fiber waste that was previously designated for landfill disposal is now
                    incorporated  into a useful product, insulator pads, thus preventing more than 375,000 pounds
                    of textile waste from  being disposed each year.

                  • Louisiana-Pacific Corp. sold more than 12,000 pounds of baled plastic to an  archery range for
                    use as back stops. They currently have 38 bales (approximately 39,500 pounds) in storage for
                    future donation or sales opportunities. Louisiana-Pacific also donated 350 used tires to a local
                    shooting range for use in a barricade. Plans are being developed to donate future supplies to
                    a local race track.

                  • Schlegel Corp. reduced 2,000 pounds of wax paper and saved $1,800 by switching from wax
                    paper buckets to reusable plastic containers.

                  • Virco Manufacturing  Corp. took 600,000  pounds of sawdust to a local livestock auction for
                    animal bedding and  other uses, saving $8,640 in disposal fees.

                  • Walt Disney World Company saved more than 100,000 pounds of deli paper by switching to
                    reusable clay food baskets that do not require paper liners.  They also reused more than 1 mil-
                    lion pounds of textiles through waste reduction initiatives, such as donating cast costumes,
                    reusing old towels as rags, and reusing old sheets as pot holders.
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ing communities' curbside collection services.
By using local feedstock, Fort Howard increased
the potential recycling market value for com-
modities in the surrounding community.
Additionally, Fort Howard avoided any unnec-
essary transport costs to ship waste paper to its
manufacturing plant. Not only is staying local
important, it can also be also cost-effective.
   In recent years, donation programs have
emerged as a way for organizations to divert
waste and reduce costs, while helping out in
the community. These donations fill a void for
nonprofit organizations and can make the dif-
ference between the survival and collapse of
services needed in communities across the
country. Additionally, the donations brighten
the lives of others. For the past 5  years, Ford
Motor Company collected its employees'
annual yuletide cards and sent them to the St.
Jude's Ranch for abused, neglected, and trou-
bled children. The children made new holiday
cards from the old ones. In 1996, this activity
eliminated 4,500 pounds of paper (460,000
cards) from the waste stream, and gave the
children a creative outlet.
   By donating surplus supplies and equipment
to others, WasteWi$e organizations enjoy
numerous benefits, including significant waste
reductions, a sense of good will, improved com-
munity relations, and avoided disposal costs:
• Through  its surplus store, Seattle
  University gave away more than 10 tons of
  wood products (e.g., chairs and tables)
                   removed from a residence hall during a ren-
                   ovation project. The store has been one of
                   the university's most successful waste diver-
                   sion programs over the past 2 years because
                   it has enabled the school to give away or
                   inexpensively sell many items that were
                   previously landfilled.
                •  The Body Shop donated 7,000 pounds of
                   their products to nonprofit organizations in
                   1996. Donations included soaps and lotions
                   to a local AIDS service agency and battered
                   woman's shelter. In addition, The Body
                   Shop donated posters, promotional  items,
                   and boxes to the Scrap Exchange for distri-
                   bution to schools and artists.
                •  Humboldt State University donated
                   almost 50 cubic yards of goods from stu-
                   dents who were moving out of residence
                   halls. Of this  amount, 60 percent was cloth-
                   ing, 20 percent was household items
                   (kitchenware, small appliances, etc.), 10
                   percent was canned or bottled food, and 10
                   percent was miscellaneous items (note-
                   books, binders, posters, etc.). The materials
                   collected were taken to Humboldt Shelter
                   for Women, a nonprofit organization that
                   assists victims of domestic violence.
                   Organizations on the receiving end of
                donation benefit from the gift of needed
                equipment and supplies. Ultimately, the envi-
                ronment also wins. WasteWi$e lauds partners'
                donation efforts in 1996!

                      19964997  PROGRAM


                                  hile our partners diligently worked to reduce waste

                            in their offices and production facilities, WasteWi$e

                            stepped up efforts in 1996-1997 to improve partner ser-

                            vices and expand program membership. From our recogni-

                            tion and partner networking initiatives—the large nation-

                            al forum in Washington, DC, and regional miniforums

                            held across the country—to our new technical and elec-

                            tronic resources, WasteWi$e has been busy this year

                            implementing new services for our partners. To further

                            increase waste reduction results (and to give you more

                            partners to network with), we also pumped up our recruit-

                            ment efforts. Read on for 1996-1997 program highlights:

                            Membership Increased by 50


                              WasteWi$e welcomes all of our new partners who joined in 1996-
                            1997. Our targeted direct mailings, personal visits, and regional forums
                            paid off—approximately 200 new partners joined between January 1996
                            and June 1997. We targeted universities, food manufacturers, retailers,
                            and electronics companies, but our new partners are not, however, limited
                            to businesses. In an effort to expand the WasteWi$e program, EPA also
                            encouraged state, local, and tribal governments to join. In just 2 months,
                            35 government bodies joined as charter government partners and we
                            expect this trend to continue. As partners, these organizations agreed to
                            consider how their own operations can benefit from internal waste reduc-
                            tion initiatives and to share their experiences with their peers.

Program Streamlined  to  Make
Participation Even Easier
  EPA has also changed the structure of the
WasteWi$e program, making participation easi-
er than ever before for our partners! On June 1,
1997, WasteWi$e began asking all new partners
to make a 3-year commitment upon joining the
program. This means that partners will submit a
one-time Goals Identification Form identifying
the activities that they will implement during
their 3 years in the program,  rather than sub-
            mitting a Goals Identification Form each year.
            Partners then submit an Annual Reporting Form
            describing their progress. We hope that this new
            structure will enable partners to report signifi-
            cant, measurable results by the end of the third
            year. At that point, partners can recommit to 3
            more years of participation as senior partners or
            take their  lessons learned and exit the program
            as alumni.
                      oals for & 3-year period U a/ great ide^ $inc& it U kvurd
          to do too WMck/ tit; 1 year.  Tlwe&vews would gun IM wuor&
          to work, on,
                                    —Patricias Vavi&t, Director of Corporate Mealtk) Safety,
                                                        AKfL EtunroHWiestt, MiUl^ore^ Corp.
  Charter Government Partners as of June 30, 1997
   Local Governments
   City of Anaheim, CA
   City of Burlington, VT
   City of Dover, NH
   City of Fort Worth, TX
   Gloucester Township, NJ
   Greenville County, SC
   City of Gresham, OR
   Borough of Hawthorne, NJ
   City of Hopkinsville, KY
   City of Lake City, GA
   Borough of Lindenwold, NJ
   Louisville and Jefferson
    County Metropolitan
    Sewer District, KY
Marlboro County, SC
City of Mesa, AZ
Passaic County, NJ
City of Portsmouth, OH
City of Scott, LA
South West Oakland
 County, MI
Summit Akron Solid Waste
 Management Authority,
CityofTaft, CA
Borough of Wanaque, NJ
Tribal Governments
Caddo Indian Tribe of
Chickasaw Nation
Confederated Tribes of the
  Umatilla Indian
Forest County Potawatomi
Lac du Flambeau Tribe
Port Gambel S'Klallam
Pueblo of Zuni
Rosebud Sioux Tribe
Sherwood Valley Ranchera

              Partners Recognized  for Ongoing
              Commitment  to  Waste  Reduction
                 Through national and regional forums across
              the country, EPA recognized new and existing
              partners for their commitment to waste reduc-
              tion. On September 9, 1996, EPA hosted its
              second National WasteWi$e Forum in
              Washington, DC. The highlight of the day was
              a luncheon recognition ceremony, featuring a
              congratulatory address by Elliott Laws,
              Assistant Administrator of EPA's Office of Solid
              Waste and Emergency Response. EPA honored
              64 WasteWi$e partners for their outstanding
              waste reduction achievements, as evidenced by
              their annual reports. The event began with a
              WasteWi$e program update, followed by a
              keynote address. The day continued with a ple-
              nary session on Finding the Biggest Costs Savings
              in the realm of waste prevention and breakout
              sessions on establishing a waste reduction pro-
              gram and purchasing recycled content products.
              EPA also recognized four endorsers—American
              Textile Manufacturers Institute, Edison
              Electric Institute, Grocery Manufacturers of
              America, and National Automobile Dealers
                                   Association, and 28
                                   individuals from
                                   many WasteWi$e
                                   companies for pro-
                                   moting the benefits of
                                   solid waste reduction
                                   and the WasteWi$e
                                   program to prospec-
                                   tive members.
                                     In  1996,
                                   WasteWi$e also
                                   introduced a series of
                                   regional forums to
              recognize existing partners in their area of the
              country and welcome new partners who signed
              up through our enhanced recruitment efforts.
              EPA held the regional events in five locations
              across the country: Chicago; Washington, DC;
              New York; San Francisco; and  Los Angeles.
Left: EPA Regional Administrator Jeanne Fox with Ken Zinis of
Roche Vitamins, Inc.
Top Right: EPA Deputy Regional Administrator Michelle Jordan
with Greg Minims of Motorola.
Bottom Right: EPA Assistant Administrator Elliott Laws with Bob
Langert of McDonald's Corp.

Program Champions  Honored at Recognition
Ceremony  September 9, 1996
Sustained Leaders in Waste Prevention:
Bank of America
Baxter International
Bell Atlantic
BellSouth Telecommunications
Coors Brewing Company
Dow Corning
E.I. DuPont de Nemours & Company
General Mills
Hewlett Packard
Johnson & Johnson
Pepsi-Cola Company
Proctor & Gamble
Stone Container
Target Stores
Comprehensive Waste Reduction Programs:
Abbott Laboratories
Aetna Inc.
Apple Computer
Baltimore Gas & Electric
Bethlehem Steel
Betterworld/Planet Recycle
The Body Shop
Buckley's Quality Printing Company
CITGO Petroleum
The Coca-Cola Company
Compaq Computer Corp.
Eastman Kodak
Ford Motor Company
Fort Howard
General Motors
Georgia-Pacific Corp.
Hallmark Cards
Herman Miller
   Inland Steel
   Louisiana-Pacific Corp.
   Mount Bachelor Ski & Summer Resort
   Navistar International Transportation
   Northeast Utilities
   Pennsylvania Power & Light
   Perkin-Elmer Corp.
   Public Service Electric & Gas
   Radio Flyer
   Schlegel Corp.
   Silicon Graphics
   Sligo Adventist School
   State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Company
   Stonyfield Farm Yogurt
   Texas Instruments
   The Walt Disney Company

A Special  "Thank  You"  to  Our Speakers

  WasteWi$e would like to thank all of the speakers who made presentations at WasteWi$e
events over the past 18 months:
Washington, DC —
September 9, 1996
Jim Bosch
Jeff Gary
Don Curran
Kim Hohisel
Tony Kingsbury

Fred Krupp

Bob Langert
Jim McCarthy

Mark Nelson
John Ohler

George Thomas

Michelle Toelkes
Target Stores
Janus Funds
Virco Manufacturing
Dow Corning Corp.
Dow Chemical
Environmental Defense
McDonald's Corp.
CITGO Petroleum
Pepsi-Cola Company
 Refrigeration Products
Eastman Kodak
Hallmark Cards
Chicago, Illinois —
November 20, 1996
Michelle Jordan

Norm Niedergang
Paul Pasin
Jack Shih
EPA Deputy Regional
EPA Divison Director
Radio Flyer
Navistar International
 Transportation Corp.
Washington, DC —
December 2, 1996
Gifford Stack

Greg Gunzelman
The National Soft
 Drink Association
Baltimore Gas &
 Electric Company
                        New York City, New York —
                        March 26, 1997
Jeanne M. Fox

Dan McCloskey

Tom Constantino

Ken Zinis
Rick Larsen
EPA Regional
Public Service Electric
 & Gas Company
Public Service Electric
 & Gas Company
Roche Vitamins, Inc.
Northeast Utilities
 Service Company
San Francisco, California —
June 26, 1997
John Wise

Terry Bedell
Paul Quickert

Candace Skarlatos
EPA Deputy Regional
The Clorox Company
Hewlett Packard
BankAmerica Corp.
Irvine, California —
June 30, 1997
Michelle Toelkes
Raymond Gow
Ken Jones

Jacqueline Civet
Hallmark Cards
Boeing North
 American, Inc.
Amgen, Inc.

Opportunities  for
Partner  Information
  WasteWi$e facilitated even more opportuni-
ties for partners to share information. In con-
junction with the regional forums, WasteWi$e
initiated several partner networks across the
country. The partner network meetings
                   enabled partners to
                   interact with col-
                   leagues, discuss waste
                   reduction issues, and
                   share successful strate-
                   gies with peers in their
                   geographic area. By
                   working together, part-
                   ners found solutions to
                   common concerns and
                   problems. WasteWi$e
                   sponsored the first kick-
off meeting for each of these partners networks,
and many partners have decided to continue
meeting annually or semiannually at a partner's
                              Partner Network m&etuuj qui&rateti a,pletkora,
          of idea*. Tk& networking oppwrtusutiet 

                     oftkesfwogram allows IM to (OOM otv solid watt^
            tkat trufy buiefit our COWJMMW Mid our emwonmetvt.
                    WMt&Wi$&pubtic&tu>iu Mid kelplwie/ to b&
                    til our ongoiKq wvu$t& reduction efforts."
                   —Jeffrey &. Footy MasuiqeY, Corporcube; EwwowHwvkaJi Affairs,

New Publications

   WasteWi$e developed several new free tech-
nical publications to assist partners in develop-
ing, implementing, and measuring their waste
reduction activities. In the past 18 months,
EPA produced the following new materials:
•  Two new WasteWi$e Updates: Qoing
   Paperless With Technology and
   Remanufactured Products: Qood as New.
•  A ToolKit of resources designed to help
   partners make their waste reduction pro-
   grams successful. The Toolkit focuses on
   assisting partners with four key components
   of a waste reduction program: identifying
   key waste streams, educating employees and
   managers, measuring results of waste reduc-
   tion activities,  and reporting.
•  New  Tipsheets include negotiating hauler
   contracts to increase savings, donating left-
   over food to the needy, managing food
   scraps as animal feed, reducing  transport
   packaging, and a buy-recycled fact sheet
   and resource guide.
An Industry Sector Study of waste reduc-
tion practices implemented at select
WasteWi$e partners in the electric power
Brief Case Studies on the following indus-
try sectors: utilities; scientific, photographic
and control equipment; soaps, cosmetics,
and hygiene; retail; motor vehicles and
parts; manufacturing (general); food service
and manufacturing; entertainment; comput-
er and electronics; communications; chemi-
cal and petroleum refining; beverages; and
banking, financial, and insurance.
Industry Sector Fact Sheets describe exam-
ples of WasteWi$e goals and sample partner
achievements for the following industry
sectors: beverages; chemicals and pharma-
ceuticals; electronics; entertainment; food
manufacturing and processing; forest and
paper products; motor vehicles and parts;
scientific, photographic, and control equip-
ment; retail and direct sales; telecommuni-
cations; textile; and utility industries.
              Left: This display highlights the range of recyckd-content products
              purchased by WasteWi$epartners.
              Top Right: WasteWi$e offers a variety of free technical publications.
              Bottom Right: This display showcases employee education activities at
              partner organizations and travels across the country to our regional

Expanded  Communications  With Our
   To better serve our partners with access to
the program's technical information,
WasteWi$e revamped and expanded electron-
ic and paper communications in 1996. The
new and improved WasteWi$e homepage is
on the Web at www.epa.gov/wastewise.
Through the homepage, you can now down-
load our publications, register online, and see
sample goals and results. Also included is a
special partner network area called The
Partner Network. Password-protected for
WasteWi$e members, The Partner Network
provides special technical assistance informa-
tion and resources. Features include the
WasteWi$e Bulletin, links to helpful waste
reduction sites, and news and upcoming
events. Annual reporting forms can be found
in The Partner Network as well. In addition,
The Partner Network features the most fre-
quently asked questions of WasteWi$e part-
ners and EPA's response.
  WasteWi$e recently established an elec-
tronic list server to facilitate communication
between EPA and partners, and among part-
ners. The list server will allow us to post pro-
gram announcements and alert you to new
technical information. We encourage our
partners to use it, too! Use it to submit ques-
tions to EPA, discuss waste reduction issues
with your colleagues, offer suggestions to
other members, and share success stories with
all of us. Partners can subscribe to the list
server by sending an e-mail to ww@cais.net.
  EPA also expanded the WasteWi$e Bulletin
in 1996. The new 4-page Bulletin includes  a
section on resources, answers frequently asked
questions from the helpline, and features
innovative activities implemented by our
partners in each issue.

      asteWi$e is planning to offer new and improved ser-

vices to our members in 1997 and beyond. We are plan-

ning improvements in education, program implementation,

and partner recognition. Upcoming activities include:

• Electronic Reporting. WasteWi$e plans to take reporting online for
  the March 1998 reporting period. WasteWi$e hopes that this paperless
  process will be more convenient for partners, will facilitate the report-
  ing process, and will prevent large amounts of paper from entering the
  waste or recycling stream. Partners will be able to submit all of the
  required annual reporting information via the WasteWi$e homepage.
• Awards Program. WasteWi$e plans to launch an awards program in
  January 1998, to recognize outstanding partners in the areas of waste
  prevention, recycling, and buying recycled. Watch for mailings that
  will describe specific requirements and awards criteria.
• Recognition Ceremonies. We are planning several recognition cere-
  monies for 1997-1998. In conjunction with the National Recycling
  Coalition's Annual Congress in Orlando, Florida, we are planning a
  special ceremony to welcome  Charter Government Partners and new
  business partners. We also are planning a national ceremony to recog-
  nize all award winners in the fall of 1998. Regional recognition
  events will be held in Boston  and Philadelphia.
• Partner Advisory Council. WasteWi$e anticipates developing a
  Partner Advisory Council to help EPA generate ideas for new
  partner services.

WasteWi$e  Partners Joining  Between January  1,
1996  and June  30,  1997
               General Dynamics Defense
                Systems, Inc.
               United Paradyne Corp.

               Banking, Financial, &
               The Chase Manhattan Bank
               First Union National Bank
               Mutual of New York

               C.C. Clark P.L.U.S.
               Shenandoah Brewing Company
               Triarc Beverage Group

               Building Materials
               Mckenzie Commercial
               Wall Technology

               Faultless Starch/Bon Ami
               Reckitt & Colman, Inc.
               The Seydel Companies
               Witco Corp.

               ATR Wire and Cable Company,
               DSC Communications Corp.
               MCI Telecommunications
               U.S. Postal Service - Alaska
               U.S. Postal Service - Lansing,
                MI P&DC
               U.S. Postal Service - Northeast

               Computer & Data
               Data General Corp.
Computers & Office
Full Circle Image
Laser Wolf
MSI/OfficeTrader, Inc.
Pitney Bowes, Inc.
Tandem Computers, Inc.

Construction &
Enermodal Engineering

Consulting &
Employment Services
Clearwater Environmental, Inc.
EMCON Alaska, Inc.
Julianne T Dewel, P.E.
Kelly Services, Inc.

Albany State University
Alden Central School
California State University -
Delta College
Florida Atlantic University
Georgetown University
Grambling State University
Humboldt State University
Lee County School District
Manchester College
Mars Hill College
Michigan State University
Mississippi Bend Area Education
Mt. Carmel High School
North Carolina State University
Northern Illinois University
Northeastern University
Pima County Community
  College District
Pine Grove Middle School
Ramona Lutheran School
Ringling School of Art &
San Jose State University
Seattle University
Suffolk University
University of Nevada Las Vegas
University of North Carolina -
  Chapel Hill
University of Rhode Island
University of South Florida at
  Sarasota/New College
University of Wisconsin -
Utah State University
Utica College
Virginia Wesleyan College

Electronics & Electrical
The Aerovox Group
General Instrument Corp.
Magnetek, Inc.
Matsushita Electric Corp. of
MPD, Inc.
MEMC Southwest, Inc.
SGS - Thomson
Sharp Electronics Corp.
Standard Industries, Inc.
Sulzer Intermedics, Inc.
Tingstol Company

Mount Vernon - Home of
  George Washington

Food Manufacturing
Ben & Jerry's
Jackson Ice Cream  Company
Snoball Foods, Inc.
Wortz Company

Food, Drug, &
Convenience Stores
K.V Mart Company
Nortex Drug Distributors
Shaw's Supermarkets, Inc.
Sure Save Super Market, Ltd.

Forest & Paper Products
Avery Dennison Corp.
Berlin and Jones Company, Inc.
Blandin Paper Company
Forest Awards and Engraving
International Paper Company
Quad-R, Inc.

Furniture Manufacturing
Creative Office Systems
Speedy Blinds
Steelcase, Inc.

Hotels, Resorts, &
Doubletree Hotel  at Fisherman's
Hoosier Boys Town
Turnberry Isle Resort and Club
Westin South Coast Plaza Hotel

Industrial & Farm
Honeywell, Inc.

Medical  Services
Cape Cod Hospital
Christian Health Care Center
Empire Health Services
Kaiser Permanente
Sage Products, Inc.

Metal Manufacturing
MTM Machining, Inc.

Metal Products
Ryobi Die Casting (USA), Inc.
Worthington Industries, Inc.

Motor Vehicles & Parts
Excel Automotive
Guardian Industries

Nonprofit Organizations
Gastineau Human Services Corp.

Petroleum Refining
Green Oasis Environmental, Inc.

Roche Vitamins, Inc.
Printing & Publishing
Grolier, Inc.
R.R. Donnelley & Sons

Research Services
Columbia Analytical Services

Restaurants & Food
Dinosaurs, Inc.
Perkins Family Restaurant
Sizzler International, Inc.
Sodexho USA

Retail & Mail Order
Bass Pro Shops
Names in the News
Phillips-Van Heusen Corp.

Rubber & Plastic Products
American Plastics Council
Boulder Blimp Company
DSM/Polymer Corp.
EcoTyre Technologies
Formosa Plastics Corp. USA
M. A. Hanna Resin  Distribution
Marko Foam Products, Inc. - UT
Printpack, Inc.
Topper Plastics, Inc.

Scientific, Photographic,
& Control Equipment
United States Surgical Corp.

Textile Manufacturing
American & Efird, Inc.
American Cotton Growers
BGF Industries, Inc.
Collins & Aikman Corp.
Dayspring, Inc.
Synthetic Industries
TNS Mills

Port Authority of New York &
  New Jersey
Puerto Rico Ports Authority
Sierracin/Sylmar Corp.

Boston Edison Company
Cinergy Corp.
Consolidated Edison Company of
  New York, Inc.
GPU Energy
GPU Nuclear Corp.
Maine Yankee
Nevada Power Company
Northern Indiana Public Service
Public Service Company of New
Puget Sound Energy
Sierra Pacific Power Company
UGI Utilities, Inc. - Electric

Waste Management
Capital Area Corporate
  Recycling Council
Double Day, Inc.
FBN Enterprises
HELP Energy Savings Systems
Michigan Recycling Coalition
MiTech, Inc.
Quiver Sanitation, Inc.
Schofield Corp.


                                                           OMB No. 2050-0139
 WASTE                                                    Expiration Date: July 31, 2000
My organization is ready to become a WasteWi$e Partner!
Please send a membership packet.
Organization Name:	
SIC Code or Industry Sector:
Check if a Q subsidiary or Q division. Name of parent company (if applicable):
Principal Contact:	Title: 	
City: 	State:	Zip:.
Phone Number: 	Fax:	
Facilities to be included in initial waste reduction efforts:
(e.g., corporate or government headquarters only, regional facilities, all offices and plants)
Approximate total number of employees in these facilities:
How did you hear about the WasteWi$e program?
ri Periodical/Publication (Name)	
  Workshop/Conference (Sponsor).
  Trade Association (Name)	
  Other EPA Program (Name)
   PSA/Advertisement (Location)
   Another Company (Name)	
   Other (Specify)	
   Direct mail from WasteWi$e
Signature of Senior Official:.
Print Name:	Title:_
Please cut and mail to WasteWi$e at the address indicated. Or, fax to WasteWi$e at
703 308-8686. For more information, call the WasteWi$e helpline at 800 EPAWISE.

                                 WasteWi$e (5306W)
                                 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
                                 401 M Street, SW.
                                 Washington, DC 20460


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