jf% rT>J^   United States                                 September 2001
^•Kg ••"•l^itA  Environmental Protection Agency                        .     •     .      ,
\^^|  f\  Office of Pesticide Programs                         __    r\  J  ^—CjQCry
                 Washington, DC 20460                   730"^
              Pesticide  Alert
              Pesticide  Safety and  Site  Security
             The Environmental Protection Agency is issuing this Alert to all pesticide industry
             organizations, facilities, and handlers as a precaution during this heightened state of security
             awareness. This Alert highlights some general security areas that companies may want to
             review to ensure that appropriate measures are being implemented.  EPA's  Office of
             Pesticide Programs has developed this tailored summary of the Agency's Chemical Safety
             Alert entitled, "Chemical Accident Prevention: Site Security," which outlines measures to
             ensure secure and accident-free operations. Published in February 2000, the more detailed
             Chemical Safety Alert is available on the Web at: www.epagov/swercepp/p-small.htm#alerts.

             It is important that all pesticide establishments review this information and take appropriate
             steps to minimize risk. This document does not substitute for EPA's regulations, nor is it a
             regulation itself. It cannot and does not impose legally binding requirements on EPA or the
             regulated community, and measures it describes may not apply to a particular situation based
             upon circumstances. The Agency may continue to provide further guidance in the future, as
Knowing and Understanding Potential Security Threats

Businesses that manufacture, reformulate, sell, distribute, transport, store, or apply pesticides have long known
the importance of risk mitigation steps for the safety of their workers, their customers, and their communities.
For manufacturers and reformulators, efforts focus on ensuring that the facility is operated safely on a day-to-
day basis. Manufacturers must use well-designed equipment, conduct preventive maintenance, implement up-
to-date operating procedures, and employ well-trained staff. Those who distribute pesticides have focused on
safe storage and accurate labeling of their products. For the pesticide user community, safety efforts have
focused on strictly reading and following all label directions. Today, these efforts aren't necessarily enough.
While many of the steps to ensure an effective security program seem routine, they are critical to the health
and safety of your business, facility, and community. Without effective security procedures, your business


may be vulnerable to both internal and external threats, posing risks to yourself and employees, your building
and machinery, stored pesticides, and even sensitive business information.  If you have mobile pest
application equipment, particularly aerial application equipment, special precautions shouldbe taken to protect
both your equipment and the surrounding community.
Recommended Considerations in Evaluating Pesticide Security

The security needs and critical control points will differ for every business and facility.  However, some of
the fundamental security control points include:

•   Securing Buildings, Manufacturing Facilities, Storage Areas, and Surrounding Property: One of the
    most fundamental security needs is the prevention of intrusion to areas used to manufacture or store
    pesticides and other toxic chemicals. Elements of an effective security plan can range from basic fencing,
    lighting, and locks, to intrusion detection systems, cameras, and trained guards. For more information on
    basic tips on protecting your site, review EPA's report "Chemical Accident Prevention: Site Security"
    listed below in the section entitled 'Tor More Information."

•   Securing Pesticide Application Equipment and Vehicles: Facilities and pesticide businesses should
    ensure that they have appropriate security protections to prevent intruder access to equipment used in
    mixing, loading, and applying pesticides. Before operating pesticide application tools and vehicles,
    handlers must have proper authorization and identification.
                    »                       • '                        '
    »•'  Aerial Application Equipment: Security awareness is particularly important for large-scale pesticide
       application equipment like aircraft and large trucks. The FBI has requested that aerial applicators be
       vigilant to any suspicious activity relative to the use, training in, or acquisition of dangerous chemicals
       or airborne application of same, including threats,  unusual  purchases, suspicious  behavior by
       employees or customers, and unusual contacts with the public. Any suspicious circumstances or
       information should be reported to the FBI.

•   Protecting Confidential Information: As business, safety, and security systems become more reliant on
    computer and communications technology, the need to secure these systems has grown.  Such efforts
    include contingency planning for power losses, effective monitoring of access ports, adherence to
    password and backup procedures, and other mechanisms to maintain access for authorized personnel only.

•   Designing Facilities and Equipment to Minimize Risk of Damage: Whether an intrusion to a computer
    by a hacker or a physical intrusion of your facility by a vandal or saboteur, it is important to take steps to
    minimize the extent of damage. For example, in order to prevent damage, the use of sturdy, reliable, and
    potentially blast-proof materials is essential in the construction of equipment used to transport and apply

•   Developing Procedures and Policies that Support Security Needs: Even the best hardware and staffing
    budgets are only as effective as the procedures and policies that control their use.

    >   Effective hiring and labor relations policies are important to obtain and retain good employees who
       will support and follow safety precautions.  For example, the hiring process should ensure that
       pesticide handlers have all requisite training necessary to handle pesticides safely.  Background

       checks of staff who have access to secure areas, particularly those areas where pesticides may be
       stored, are also necessary.

    *•  Inventory management policies can help limit the amount of potentially hazardous pesticides stored
       on site, reducing the risks of accidental or intentional release or theft.

    »•  Effective advance emergency response procedures can be critical, helping ensure that business
       officials and employees understand how to respond and whom to contact in the case of an emergency.
       Aside from accidents, such plans must also consider vandalism, bomb threats, and potential terrorist

Timely Coordination With Authorities

If a breach of security or suspicious activity does occur, timely cooperation authorities is crucial. In addition
to cooperation with your local police department, the FBI requests that you expeditiously report any threats
or suspicious behavior to your local FBI field office. These agencies also must be informed if, as a registrant,
you are made aware of any reports of adverse exposure under circumstances that are incongruous with your
pesticide product's normal use pattern.  Information on the location of the appropriate FBI office is available
For More Information

EPA and other Federal agencies have developed a variety of reference materials that may be helpful in
reviewing the security of your business or operation.

•   Many of the tips listed in this fact sheet are described in more detail in the Chemical Safety Alert entitled:
    "Chemical Accident Prevention: Site Security," published by EPA on February 2000 and available on the
    EPA Web site at: www.epagov/swercepp/p-small.htm#alerts.

•   For information on other Agency  programs to promote facility  security  and readiness, visit

•   DOT has produced a separate advisory for transporters, available by contacting DOT at 202-366-6525.

•   For a 10-step procedure to analyze, identify, and prevent threats, prepared by the Agency for Toxic
    Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), review its document entitled "Industrial Chemicals and
    Terrorism:  Human Health  Threat  Analysis and Prevention," available on  their Web site  at:
    www.atsdr.cdc.gov/OFP/terrorism/indterr.html.                                 .

•   For objective science-based information about a variety of pesticide-related subjects, including pesticide
    products, recognition and management of pesticide poisonings, toxicology, and environmental chemistry,
    contact the National Pesticide Telecommunication Network (NPTN). NPTN, a toll-free hotline funded,
    in part, by EPA, lists state pesticide regulatory agencies and provides links to their Web sites. NPTN can
    be  contacted  at: 1-800-858-7378, by e-mail at nptn@ace.orst.edu, or by visiting  the Web  at: