-
                    United States
                    Environmental Protection
                    Agency	
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (H7506C)
EPA/735/F-93-017
July 1993
                    Protecting   Endangered
                    Species
                   Interim Measures
                   Boyd County, Nebraska
                      The information in Ms pamphlet is similar to
                      what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                      Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                  Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                  effect. Hie limitations on pesticide use are not
                  law at this time, but are being provided now for
                  your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                  threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                  use. We encourage you to use this information.
                  We also welcome your comments.

                   The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                  protect and promote recovery of animals and
                  plants mat are in danger of becoming extinct due
                  to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                  must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                  not result in harm to the species listed as
                  endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                  Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                  species' survival To accomplish this, the EPA
                  expects to implement program requirements
                  beginning in 1994. TTiis program will protect
                  endangered and threatened species ftom harm due
                  to pesticide use.

                  EPA requests your comments regarding the
                 information presented in this publication. Please
                 let us know whether the information is clear and
                 correct Also tell us to what extent following the
                 recommended measures would affect you typical
                 pesticide use or productivity. ITiis information
                 will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                 of program development

                                   Please submit comments to:

                                Interim Endangered Species
                               Protection Program (H7506C)
                                               US. EPA
                                        401M Street, SW
                                    Washington, DC 20460
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          About This Publication

           This publication contains a County Map
          showing the Area within the county where
          pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
          species. These .areas are identified on the map by
          a shaded pattera Each shaded pattern
          corresponds to a species in need of protection.
           The Shading Key shows the name of the species
          that each sliaded pattern represents and often
          describes the shaded area. The area may be
          described in terms of Township, Range, and
          Section or by giving details about the habitat of
          the species.
           The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
          Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
          which there should be limitations on use to
         protect cerfciin species. The next columns are
         headed by die shaded pattern of the species with
         Codes listed underneath them.
          The Code :indicates the specific limitation that
         is necessary to protect the species. The section
         titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the
         code.

         Does This Information Apply to You?

          To determine whether this information applies
         to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
         below. The information applies only if you
         answer "yes" to both questions:

           Do you intend to use pesticides within or
           near the shaded area on the county map?

          Are any of me ingredients listed on the front
           panel of your pesticide product label named
           in the "Table of Pesticide Active
           Ingredients"?
          If you answer "yes" to bom questions, you
        should follow the instructions on "How to Use
        This Information" to determine if you should
        limit use of the pesticide to heh> protect listed
        species.
         If you answer "no" to either question, you
        should follow the usage directions on the
        pesticide product label.

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How To Use This Information

1) On the county map, find the specific shading patterns that
   cover, or are close to, the area where you will apply
   pesticides.
2) Read the descriptor in the Shading Key for those patterns;
   this may further identify the area involved.

3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the ac-
   tive ingredients in the pesticide you intend to apply.

4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient name and
   under the shading patterns that apply to you.

 5} When using the pesticide, you should follow the limitations
  }  indSted for thoScodes described under "Limitations on
    Pesticide Use."

 6) If you are applying more than one listed active .ingredient or
    applying a listed active ingredient in an area with more than
    one shaded pattern (species), multiple codes may apply. If
    so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.

  7)  Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift on the
     back of this pamphlet.
                                                          Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
                                 Shading Pattern
4-AMINOPYRIDINE
ACEPHATE
ALDICARB
AZINPHOS-METHYL

CARBARYL
CARBOFURAN
CHLORPYRIFOS
DIAZINON
DICROTOPHOS
DISULFOTON
ENDOSULFAN
ETHOPROP
FENAMIPHOS
 FONOFOS
 ISOFENPHOS
 METHYL PARATH10N

 MEVINPHOS
 OXAMYL
 OXYFLUORFEN
 PARAQUAT
 PARATHION (ethyl)
 PHORATE
 TRICHLORFON

 Limitations on Pesticide Use

 Code/Limitations
 3C  For ground applications, do not apply this pesticide
      withm 100 yards of the edge of water wrthm the
      Shaded area, nor within the tributary protect.on zone
      (indicated in the Shading Key). For aerial
      Applications, do not apply this pest.c.de wrthm V4
      mile of the edge of the areas described above.
                                      Code

                                        3C
                                        3C
                                        3C
                                        3C

                                       ~3C~
                                        3C
                                        3C
                                        3C

                                        3C
                                        3C
                                        3C
                                        3C

                                        ~3C~
                                        3C
                                        3C
                                        3C

                                        3C
                                        3C
                                        3C
                                        3C

                                        ~3C~
                                         3C
                                         3C

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 Boyd County, Nebraska
                 LEGEND
                	  County Border
                     County Seat
                     City
                     U.S., State or Other
                       Highway
                     Dam
                     River, Stream, Creek
                                                                                 Niobrara River
                                                                        8 mi
                                                                       J
                                                                  8 km
SHADING KEY
J Interior least tern (bird), Sterna antillarum.
                                                           Piping plover (bird), Charadrius melodus.
Within the shaded areas shown on the map, pesticide use limitations apply on and along the rivers as well as
2 miles upstream on and along the rivers' tributaries (the tributary protection zone).

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                                    Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.

Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff .
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.

Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift
         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
 vvEPA
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Agency
      (H7506C)
      Washington, DC 20460
      Official Business
      Penalty for Private Use
      $300

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