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                  United States
                  Environmental Protection
                  Agency	
                              Pesticides and
                              Toxic Substances (H7506C)
EPA/735/F-93-020
July 1993
Protecting   Endangered
Species
                  Interim Measures
                  Butler County, Nebraska
                     The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                     what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                     Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                 Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                 effect The limitations on pesticide use are not
                 law at this time, but are being provided now for
                 your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                 threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                 use. We encourage you to use this information.
                 We also welcome your comments.

                  The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                 protect and promote recovery of animals and
                 plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                 to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                 must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                 not result in harm to the species listed as
                 endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                 Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                 species' survival To accomplish this, the EPA
                 expects to implement program requirements
                 beginning in 1994. This program will protect
                 endangered and threatened species from harm due
                 to pesticide use.
                  EPA requests your comments regarding the
                 information presented in this publication. Please
                 let us know whether the information is clear and
                 correct Also tell us to what extent following the
                 recommended measures would affect you typical
                 pesticide use or productivity. This information
                 will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                 of program development

                                  Please submit comments to:

                                 Interim Endangered Species
                               Protection Program (H7S06C)
                                               U.S.EPA
                                         401M Street, SW
                                    Washington, DC 20460
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                                         About This Publication

                                          This publication contains a County Map
                                         showing tide Area within the county where
                                         pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
                                         species. These areas are identified on the map by
                                         a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
                                         corresponijs to a species in need of protection.
                                          The Shading Key shows the name of the species
                                         that each sihaded pattern represents and often
                                         describes (the shaded area. The area may be
                                         described in terms of Township, Range, and
                                         Section or by giving details about the habitat of
                                         the specie:;.
                                          The first column of the 'Table of Pesticide
                                         Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
                                         which there should be limitations on use to
                                         protect certain species. The next columns are
                                         headed by the Jihaded pattern of the species with
                                         Codes listed underneath them.
                                          The Code indicates the specific limitation that
                                         is necessary to protect the species. The section
                                         titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the
                                        code.

                                        Does Thiis Information  Apply to You?

                                          To determine whether this information applies
                                        to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
                                        below. The information applies only if you
                                        answer "yes" to bom questions:
                                          Do you intend to use pesticides within or
                                           near the shaded area on the county map?
                                          Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
                                           panel of your pesticide product label named
                                           in the 'Table of Pesticide Active
                                           Ingredients"?
                                         If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
                                        should follow the instructions on "How to Use
                                        This Information" to determine if you should
                                        limit use of the jpesticide to help protect listed
                                        species.
                                         If you answer "no" to either question, you
                                        should follow tine usage directions on the
                                        pesticide product label.

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How To Use This Information

1) On the county map, find the specific shading patterns that
   cover, or are close to, the area where you will apply
   pesticides.

2) Read the descriptor in the Shading Key for those patterns;
   this may further identify the area involved.

3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the ac-
   tive ingredients in the pesticide you intend to apply.

4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient name and
   under the shading patterns that apply to you.

5) When using the pesticide, you should follow the limitations
   indicated for those codes described under "Limitations on
   Pesticide Use."

6) If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient or
   applying a listed active ingredient in an area with more than
    one shaded pattern (species), multiple codes may apply.  If
    so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.

 7)  Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift on the
    back of this pamphlet.
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern

4-AMINOPYRIDINE
ACEPHATE
ALDICARB
AZINPHOS-METHYL
CARBARYL
CARBOFURAN
CHLORPYR1FOS
DIAZINON
DICROTOPHOS
DISULFOTON
ENDOSULFAN
ETHOPROP
FENAMIPHOS
FONOFOS
ISOFENPHOS
METHYL PARATHION
MEVINPHOS
OXAMYL
OXYFLUORFEN
PARAQUAT
PARATHION (ethyl)
PHORATE
TRICHLORFON
11
V///A
Code
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D*
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
                                                              Limitations on Pesticide Use
                                                              Code/Limitations
                                                              3D  For ground applications, do not apply this pesticide
                                                                   within 100 yards of the edge of water, sandpits and
                                                                   spoil piles located in the shaded area, nor within the
                                                                   tributary protection zone (indicated in the Shading
                                                                   Key). For aerial applications, do not apply this
                                                                   pesticide within V4 mile of the edge of the areas
                                                                   described above.

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Butler County, Nebraska

                         0         2 mi
                                                                                               N
               LEGEND
       	  County Border
                 County Seat
                  City

          (54)      State or Other Highway

        i i i i  i i i i   Burlington Northern Railroad
                   River, Stream, Creek
SHADING KEY
          Interior least tern (bird), Sterna antillarum.
Piping plover (bird), Charadrius melodus.
 Pesticide use limitations apply:
   Within T16N R1E Sec. 13 around sandpits or spoil piles resulting from sand and gravel mining operations.
   On and along the river within the shaded area shown on the map, as well as 2 miles upstream on and
   along the river's tributaries (the tributary  protection zone).
   Around some sandpits or spoil piles resulting from sand and gravel mining operations which lie within
   1 mile of the edge of the river described above. To identify which particular sandpits or spoil piles are
   protected, contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) in Grand Island, Nebraska at (308) 382-6468
   for specific range information.  The FWS will need to know the location and perhaps other details of your
   application site, as well as your product's active ingredients.

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                                    Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Runoff
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
intothesoil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.
Drift
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also resultinless drift.

        For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
 &EPA
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Agency
      (H7506C)
      Washington, DC 20460
      Official Business
      Penalty for Private Use
      $300

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