United States
                 Environmental Protection
                 Agency	
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (H7506C)
EPA/735/F-93-Q36
July 1993

                 Protecting  Endangered
                 Species
                 Interim Measures
                 Keya Paha County,  Nebraska
                     The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                     what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                     Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                effect The limitations on pesticide use are not
                law at this time, but are being provided now for
                your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                use. We encourage you to use this information.
                We also welcome your comments.

                  The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                protect and promote recovery of animals and
                plants mat are in danger of becoming extinct due
                to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                not result in harm to the species listed as
                endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                species' survival. To accomplish this, the EPA
                expects to implement program requirements
                beginning in 1994. This program will protect
                endangered and threatened species from harm due
                to pesticide use.
                  EPA requests your comments regarding the
                information presented in this publication. Please
                let us know whether the information is clear and
                correct Also tell us to what extent following the
                recommended measures would affect you typical
                pesticide use or productivity. This information
                will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                of program development

                                  Please submit comments to:

                                 Interim Endangered Species
                               Protection Program (H7506C)
                                               UJS. EPA
                                         401M Street, SW
                                    Washington, DC 20460
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           About This Publication

             This publication contains a County Map
           showing the Area within the county where
           pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
           species. 1 tiese areas are identified on the map by
           a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
           corresponds to a species in need of protection.
             The Steiding Key shows the name of the species
           that each shaded pattern represents and often
           describes the iihaded area. The area may be
           described in terms of Township, Range, and
           Section oir by .giving details about die habitat of
           the species.
             The first column of the 'Table of Pesticide
           Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
           which mere should be limitations on use to
           protect certain species. The next columns are
           headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
           Codes listed underneath them.
             The Code indicates the specific limitation that
           is necessary to protect the species. The section
           titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the
           code.

           Does This Information Apply to You?

             To determine whether this information applies
           to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
           below. The information applies only if you
           answer "yes" to both questions:
              Do you intend to use pesticides within or
              near the slliaded area on the county map?
              Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
              panel of your pesticide product label named
              in the 'Table of Pesticide Active
              Ingrediente"?
            If you answer "yes" to bom questions, you
           should follow the instructions on "How to Use
           This Information" to determine if you should
           limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
           species.
            If you answer "no" to either question, you
           should follow the usage directions on the
           pesticide jnoduct label.

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How To Use This Information

1) On the county map, find the specific shading patterns that
   cover, or are close to, the area where you will apply
   pesticides.

2) Read the descriptor in the Shading Key for those patterns;
   this may further identify the area involved.

3) In the 'Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the ac-
   tive ingredients in the pesticide you intend to apply.

4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient name and
   under the shading patterns that apply to you.

5) When using the pesticide, you should follow the limitations
   indicated for those codes described under "Limitations on
   Pesticide Use."

6) If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient or
   applying a listed active ingredient in an area with more than
   one shaded pattern (species), multiple codes may apply. If
   so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.

7) Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift on the
   back of this pamphlet.
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern
                                                             Limitations on Pesticide Use
                                        Code
4-AMINOPYRIDINE
ACEPHATE
ALDICARB
AZINPHOS-METHYL
CARBARYL
CARBOFURAN
CHLORPYRIFOS
DIAZINON
DICROTOPHOS
DISULFOTON
ENDOSULFAN
ETHOPROP
FENAMIPHOS
FONOFOS
ISOFENPHOS
METHYL PARATHION
MEVINPHOS
OXAMYL
OXYFLUORFEN
PARAQUAT
PARATHION (ethyl)
PHORATE
TRICHLORFON
3C
30
3C
3C
3C
3C
3C
30
30
3C
3C
3C
3C
3C
3C
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
                                                             Code/Limitations
                                                             3C  For ground applications, do not apply this pesticide
                                                                  within 100 yards of the edge of water within the
                                                                  shaded area, nor within the tributary protection zone
                                                                  (indicated in the Shading Key). For aerial
                                                                  applications, do not apply this pesticide within 1/4
                                                                  mile of the edge of the areas described above.

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 Keya Paha County, Nebraska
                     LEGEND
                         County Border
                         County Seat
                         City
                         U.S.. State or
                          Other Highway
                         Bridge
                         River, Stream, Creek
                                                         4 ml
6 km
                   Meadville Bridge
                                             Niobrara River
SHADING KEY
         Interior least tern (bird), Sterna antillarum.
   Piping plover (bird), Charadrius melodus.
Within the shaded area shown on the map, pesticide use limitations apply on and along the Niobrara River, as well
as 2 miles up tributaries that join the river within this area (the tributary protection zone).

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                                    Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.

Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.

Whid direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.
         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
 vvEPA
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Agency
      (H7506C)
      Washington, DC 20460
      Official Business
      Penalty for Private Use
      $300

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