United States
                 Environmental Protection
                 Agency	
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (H75CI6C)
EPA/735/F-93-037
July 1993
                 Protecting  Endangered
                 Species
                 Interim Measures
                 Knox County, Nebraska

                     The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                     what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                     Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                law at this time, but are being provided now for
                your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                use. We encourage you to use this information.
                We also welcome your comments.

                  The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                protect and promote recovery of animals and
                plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                not result in harm to the species listed as
                endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                species' survival. To accomplish this, the EPA
                expects to implement program requirements
                beginning in 1994. This program will protect
                endangered and threatened species from harm due
                to pesticide use.
                  EPA requests your comments regarding the
                information presented in this publication. Please
                let us know whether the information is clear and
                correct Also tell us to what extent following the
                recommended measures would affect you typical
                pesticide use or productivity. This information
                will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                of program development.

                                  Please submit comments to:

                                Interim Endangered Species
                               Protection Program (H7506C)
                                               U.S.EPA
                                         401M Street, SW
                                    Washington, DC 20460
Rocycted/Racyclabl*
Prfntod on psptrthst contains
           About This Publication

            This publication contains a County Map
           showing ithe Area within the county where
           pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
           species. Iliese areas are identified oh the map by
           a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
           corresponds to a species in need of protection.
            The Shiiding Key shows the name of the species
           that each shaded pattern represents and often
           describes the shaded area, The area may be
           described, in terms of Township, Range, and
           Section or by giving details about the habitat of
           the specks.
            The first column of the 'Table of Pesticide
           Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
           which there should be limitations on use to
           protect certain species. The next columns are
           headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
           Codes listed underneath them.
            The Code indicates the specific limitation that
           is necessary to protect the species. The section
           titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the
           code.

           Does This Information Apply to You?

            To determine whether mis information applies
           to your use of a pesticide, review die questions
           below. Trie information applies only if you
           answer "yes" to both questions:
              Do you intend to use pesticides within or
              near the shaded area on the county map?
              Are any of me ingredients listed on the front
              panel of your pesticide product label named
              in the 'Table of Pesticide Active
              Ingredients"?
            If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
           should follow the instructions on "How to Use
           This Information" to determine if you should
           limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
           species.
            If you answer "no" to either question, you
           should follow the usage directions on the
           pesticide product label.

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How To Use This Information

1) On the county map, find the specific shading patterns that
   cover, or are close to, the area where you will apply
   pesticides.

2) Read the descriptor in the Shading Key for those patterns;
   this may further identify the area involved.

3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the ac-
   tive ingredients in the pesticide you intend to apply.

4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient name and
   under the shading patterns that apply to you.

5) When using the pesticide, you should follow the limitations
   indicated for those codes described under "Limitations on
   Pesticide Use."

6) If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient or
   applying a listed active ingredient in an area with more than
   one shaded pattern (species), multiple codes may apply. If
   so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.

7) Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift on the
   back of this pamphlet.
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern
V///A
Code
4-AMINOPYRIDINE
ACEPHATE
ALDICARB
AZINPHOS-METHYL
CARBARYL
CARBOFURAN
CHLORPYRIFOS
DIAZINON
DICROTOPHOS
DISULFOTON
ENDOSULFAN
ETHOPROP
FENAMIPHOS
FONOFOS
ISOFENPHOS
METHYL PARATHION " " 	
MEVINPHOS
OXAMYL
OXYFLUORFEN
PARAQUAT
PARATHION (ethyl)
PHORATE
TRICHLORFON
3C
3C
30
30
30
3C
3C
3C
30
30 	
30
30
30
3C
30
- - ' - 	 - 3C" 	
30
3C
30
3C
30
30
30
                                                             Limitations on Pesticide Use
                                                             Code/Limitations
                                                             3C  For ground applications, do not apply this pesticide
                                                                  within 100 yards of the edge of water within the
                                                                  shaded area, nor within the tributary protection zone
                                                                  (indicated in the Shading Key). For aerial
                                                                  applications, do not apply this pesticide within V4
                                                                  mile of the edge of the areas described above.

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 Knex County,- Nebraska
                                 LEGEND
            N
                            (64)
County Border
County Seat
City
State or Other Highway

Park, Reservation,
  Forest, Monument
River, Stream, Creek
Lake, Reservoir
     PISHELVILLE
                                                       Santee
                                                       Indian
                                                     Reservation
                                             L
                   ;___	|
                 'CENTER
SHADING KEY
         Interior least tern (bird), Sterna antillarum.
                       Piping plover (bird), Charadrius melodus.
Within the shaded area shown on the map, pesticide use limitations apply on and along the Niobrara and Missouri
Rivers, as well as 2 miles upstream on and along the rivers' tributaries (the tributary protection zone).

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                                  Reducing Runoff and Drift

Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to me environment and reduce exposure of endangered ^dthre^ned^cie

%S& $3^^
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.

^possible, usemethodswhichreduce soil erosion, such as limited tiU and contour plowing; these methods also

reduce pesticide runoff.                                                                     ^^^A*
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
!^
w^gs.menpossible.useapestidde^^
Keep informed aboutchanging weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.




Avoiding applications duringthehottest part offte day, when evaporation is highest, wdl further reduce dnft.
menMghvandsardexcessiveevaporationarenotpresent.adriftretardantmaybeuseMforaenala

Usingthelargestdropletsize compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. TypicaUy, higher spray volumes

will also result in less drift

         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
  vvEPA
       United States
       Environmental Protection
       Agency
       (H7506C)
       Washington, DC 20460
       Official Business
       Penalty for Private Use
       $300

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