United States
                Environmental Protection
                Agency	
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (H7506C)
EPA/735/F-93-048
Jury 1993
                 Protecting  Endangered
                 Species
                 Interim  Measures
                 Valley County,  Nebraska
                    The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                    what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                    Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                effect. Hie limitations on pesticide use are not
                law at this time, but are being provided now for
                your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                use. We encourage you to use this information.
                We also welcome your comments.

                 The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                protect and promote recovery of animals and
                plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                not result in harm to the species listed as
                endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                species' survival To accomplish this, the EPA
                expects to implement program requirements
                beginning in 1994. This program will protect
                endangered and threatened species from harm due
                to pesticide use.
                 EPA requests your comments regarding the
                information presented in this publication. Please
                let us know whether the information is clear and
                correct Also tell us to what extent following the
                recommended measures would affect you typical
                pesticide use or productivity. This information
                will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                of program development

                                  Please submit comments to:

                                 Interim Endangered Species
                               Protection Program (H7506C)
                                               US. EPA
                                        401M Street, SW
                                    Washington, DC  20460
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           About Tl'nis Publication

             This publication contains a County Map
           showing the Area within the county where
           pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
           species. These areas are identified on the map by
           a shaded pzittenx Each shaded pattern
           corresponds to a species in need of protection.
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
           that each sliaded pattern represents and often
           describes the shaded area. The area may be
           described iin terms of Township, Range, and
           Section or by giving details about the habitat of
           the species.
             The first column of the 'Table of Pesticide
           Active Ingiedients" lists the active ingredients for
           which there should be limitations on use to
           protect certain ijpecies. The next columns are
           headed by tihe shaded pattern of the species with
           Codes listed underneath them.
             The Code indicates the specific limitation that
           is necessary to potect the species. The section
           titled LimilatiOias on Pesticide Use explains the
           code.

           Does This Information Apply to You?

             To determine whether this information applies
           to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
           below. The information applies only .if you
           answer "yes" to both questions:
              Do you intend to use pesticides within or
               near the shaded area on the county map?
              Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
               panel of your pesticide product label named
               in the'Table of Pesticide Active
               Ingredients;"?
             If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
           should follow the instructions on "How to Use
           This Information" to determine if you should
           limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
           species.
             If you answer "no" to either question, you
           should follow title usage directions on the
           pesticide product label.

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How To Use This Information

1) On the county map, find the specific shading patterns that
   cover, or are close to, the area where you will apply
   pesticides.

2) Read the descriptor in the Shading Key for those patterns;
   this may further identity the area involved.

3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the ac-
   tive ingredients in the pesticide you intend to apply.

4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient name and
   under the shading patterns that apply to you.

5) When using the pesticide, you should follow the limitations
   indicated for those codes described under "Limitations on
   Pesticide Use."

6) If yoto are applying more than one listed active ingredient or
   applying a listed active ingredient in an area with more than
   one shaded pattern (species), multiple codes may apply.  If
   so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.

7) Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift on the
   back of this pamphlet.
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern

    1
V///A
Code
4-AMINOPYRIDINE
ACEPHATE
ALDICARB
AZINPHOS-METHYL
CARBARYL
CARBOFURAN
CHLORPYRIFOS
DIAZINON
DICROTOPHOS
DISULFOTON
ENDOSULFAN
ETHOPROP
FENAM1PHOS
FONOFOS
ISOFENPHOS
METHYL PARATHION
MEVINPHOS
OXAMYL
OXYFLUORFEN
PARAQUAT
PARATHION (ethyl)
PHORATE
TRICHLORFON
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
31
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
3D
                                                             Limitations on Pesticide Use
                                                             Code/Limitations
                                                             3D  For ground applications, do not apply this pesticide
                                                                 within 100 yards of the edge of water, sandpits and
                                                                 spoil piles located in the shaded area, nor within the
                                                                 tributary protection zone (indicated in the Shading
                                                                 Key). For aerial applications, do not apply this
                                                                 pesticide within 1/4 mile of the edge of the areas
                                                                 described above.

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Valley County, Nebraska
                                                                             N
               County Border
               County Seat
               City

               State or Other Highway

               Bridge
               River, Stream, Creek
             5 mi
            J
1  I  I  Tj

 c      5 km
 SHADING KEY

        Interior least tern (bird), Sterna antillarum.
                Piping plover (bird), Charadrius melodus.
 Pesticide use limitations apply:
   On and along the river within the shaded area shown on the map, as well as 2 miles upstream on and
   along the river's tributaries (the tributary protection zone). The shaded area west of Elyria on the North
   Loup River begins at the northwest corner of T20N R15W Sec. 10.
   Around some sandpits or spoil piles resulting from sand and gravel mining operations which lie within
   1 mile of the edge of the river described above.  To identify which particular sandpits or spoil piles are
   protected, contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) in Grand Island, Nebraska at (308) 382-6468
   for specific range information. The FWS will need to know the location and perhaps other details of your
   application site, as well as your product's active ingredients.

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                                    Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Runoff
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.
Drift
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift

        For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
vvEPA
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Agency
      (H7506C)
      Washington, DC 20460

      Official Business
      Penalty for Private Use
      $300

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