United States
                          Environmental Protection
                          Agency	
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (7506C)
EPA-735-F-96-007
September, 1996
                           Protecting   Endangered
                           Species
                           Interim  Measures
                           Edgecomb County, North Carolina
                              The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                              what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                              Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                          Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                          effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                          law at this time, but are being provided now for
                          your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                          threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                          use. We encourage you to use this information.
                          We also welcome your comments.

                           The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                          protect and promote recovery of animals  and
                          plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                          to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                          must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                          not result in harm to the species listed as
                          endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                          Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                          species' survival. To implement the Endangered
                          Species Protection Program, labels of certain
                          pesticides will direct users to bulletins similar to
                          this sample pamphlet. This program will protect
                          endangered and threatened species from harm due
                          to pesticide use.
                           EPA requests your comments regarding the
                          information presented in this publication. Please
                          let us know whether the information is clear and
                          correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                          recommended measures would affect you typical
                          pesticide use or productivity. This information
                          will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                          of program development.

                                            Please submit comments to:
                                           Interim Endangered Species
                                           Protection Program (7506C)
                                                         U.S. EPA
                                                   401 M Street, SW
                                              Washington, DC 20460
^CX  Recycled/Recyclable
~\  \\ Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
O V/ contains at least 50% recycled fiber
            About This Publication

             This publication contains a County Map
            showing the Area within the county where
            pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
            species. These areas are identified on the map by
            a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
            corresponds to a species in need of protection.
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
            that each shaded pattern represents and often
            describes the shaded area. The area may be
            described in terms of Township, Range, and
            Section or by giving details about the habitat of
            the species.
             The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
            Active  Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
            which there should be limitations on use to
            protect certain species. The next columns are
            headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
            Codes listed underneath them.
             The Code indicates the specific limitation that is
            necessary to protect the species. The section titled
            Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the code.

            Does This Information Apply to You?

             To determine whether this information applies
            to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
            below.  The information applies only if you
            answer "yes" to both questions:
               Do you intend to use pesticides within or
               near the shaded area on the county map?
               Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
               panel of your pesticide product label named
               in the "Table of Pesticide Active
               Ingredients'"?
             If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
            should follow the instructions on "How to Use
            This Information" to determine if you should
            limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
            species.
             If you answer "no" to either question, you
            should follow the usage directions on the
            pesticide product label.

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How To Use This Information
   1)
   2)
   3)
   4)
   On the coilnty map, find the specific shading
   pattem(s) in or near the area where you intend to
   apply pesticides.

   Read the descriptor under the Shading Key for the
   pattem(s) to identify the specific area involved.

   In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate
   the active ingredient in the pesticide you intend to
   apply.
   Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient
   name and under the shading pattern(s) that apply to
   you.

5) When using the pesticide, find the code(s) described
   under "Limitations on Pesticide Use" and follow the
   limitation given.

6) If you are applying more than one listed active
   ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient  in an
   area with more than one shading pattern (species),
   multiple codes may apply.  If so, you should follow
   the most restrictive limitation.

7) Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift
   in this pamphlet.
                                                       Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern
    r~T
                                                                                            Code
AZINPHOS-METHYL
BENOMYL
CAPTAN
CARBARYL
CARBOFURAN
CHLORPYRIFOS
DIAZINON
DICOFOL
DIMETHOATE
ENDOSULFAN
ETHION
ETHOPROP
FENAMIPHOS
FONOFOS
MALATHION
METHIDATHION
METHOMYL
MEVINPHOS
NALED
PARATHION (ethyl)
PENDIMETHALIN
PHORATE
PHOSMET
PHOSPHAMIDON
PROPICONAZOLE
PYRETHRINS
TERBUFOS
TRICHLORFON
2x
1x
1x
2x
1x
3z
2x
2x
2x
2x
2x
1x
2x 
2x
2x
2x
1x
2x
1x
2x
2x
1x
1x
1x
1x
2x
2x
2x
                                                          Limitations On Pesticide Use
                                                          Codes/Limitations
                                                            1x  Within the area described under the Shading Key
                                                                and 1/2 mile up all streams that join the area, do
                                                                not apply this pesticide within 20 yards from the
                                                                edge of water for ground applications, nor
                                                                within 100 yards  for aerial applications.

                                                            2x  Within the area described under the Shading Key
                                                                and 1/2 mile up all streams that join the area, do
                                                                not apply this pesticide within 40 yards from the
                                                                edge of water for ground applications, nor
                                                                within 200 yards  for aerial applications.

                                                            3z  Within the area described under the Shading
                                                                Key, do riot apply this pesticide within 100 yards
                                                                from the edge of water for ground applications,
                                                                nor within 1/4 mile for aerial applications; and do
                                                                not apply directly to water in these areas.

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Edgecombe County, North Carolina
SHADING KEY
                                                                         LEGEND
                                                                     	  County Border
                                                                     $       County Seat     :
                                                                      ,      ..City,..Town,.    .  . t

                                                                             U.S., State Highway

                                                                             River, Stream, Creek
                                                                                      3. mi
                                                                                I
                                                                                3  km
      _J Freshwater mollusks [Tar River spinymussel, Elliptic (Canthyria) steinstansana]. The
        shaded area shown on the map is on Swift Creek, and Tar River between Swift Creek and
        Route 42.

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                                     Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Runoff
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to  enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.
Drift
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result  in less drift.

         For the  Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
 xvEPA
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Agency
      (7506C)
      Washington, DC 20460

      Official Business
      Penalty for Private Use
      $300

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