United States
                     Environmental Protection
                     Agency	
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (7506C)
EPA-735-F-96-013
September, 1996
                      Protecting  Endangered
                      Species
                     Interim  Measures
                     Lee County, North  Carolina
                         The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                         what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                         Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                     Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                     effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                     law at this time, but are being provided now for
                     your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                     threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                     use. We encourage you to use this information.
                     We also welcome your comments.

                      The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                     protect and promote recovery of animals and
                     plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                     to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                     must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                     not result in harm to the species listed as
                     endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish  and
                     Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                     species' survival. To implement the Endangered
                     Species Protection Program, labels of certain
                     pesticides will direct users to bulletins similar.to
                     this sample pamphlet. This program will protect
                     endangered and threatened species from harm due
                     to pesticide use.
                      EPA requests your comments regarding  the
                     information presented in this publication. Please
                     let us  know whether the information is clear and
                     correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                     recommended measures would affect you  typical
                     pesticide use or productivity. This information
                     will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                     of program development.

                                       Please submit comments to:
                                      Interim Endangered Species
                                      Protection Program (7506C)
                                                    U.S. EPA
                                              401 M Street, SW
                                         Washington, DC 20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
contains at least 50% recycled fiber
            About This Publication

             This publication contains a County Map
            showing the Area within the county where
            pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
            species. These areas are identified on the map by
            a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
            corresponds to a species in need of protection.
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
            that each shaded pattern represents and often
            describes the shaded area. The area may be
            described in terms of Township, Range, and
            Section or by giving details about the habitat of
            the species.
             The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
            Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
            which there should be limitations on use to
            protect certain species. The next columns are
            headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
            Codes listed underneath them.
             The Code indicates the specific limitation that is
            necessary to protect the species. The section tilled
            Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the code.

            Does This Information Apply to You?

             To determine whether this information applies
            to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
            below. The information applies only if you
            answer "yes" to both questions:
               Do you intend to use pesticides within or
               near the shaded area on the county map?
               Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
               panel of your pesticide product label named
               in the "Table of Pesticide Active
               Ingredients"?
             If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
            should follow the instructions on "How to Use
            This Information" to determine if you should
            limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
            species.
             If you answer "no" to either question, you
            should follow the usage directions on the
           pesticide product label.

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How To Use This Information

   1)  On the county map, find the specific shading pattern(s) in or near the area where you intend to apply pesticides.

   2)  Read the descriptor under the Shading Key for the pattem(s) to identify the specific area involved.

   3)  In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the active ingredient in the pesticide you intend to apply.

   4)  Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient name and under the shading pattern(s) that apply to you.

   5)  When using the pesticide, find the code(s) described under "Limitations on Pesticide Use" and follow the limitation given.

   6)  If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with more than
      one shading pattern (species), multiple codes may apply.  If so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.

   7)  Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift in this pamphlet.
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern


AZINPHOS-METHYL
BENSULIDE
Granular Formulations and
Soil-incorporated Liquids
Liquids not Soil-Incorporated
CARBARYL
CHLORPYRIFOS
DIAZINON
DICROTOPHOS
ETHION
FENAMIPHOS
1 1
Code TAR*
2x --


2a --
396 4
2x --
3v --
2x -
296 0.2
296 0.5
2x


FLURIDONE
MALATHION
METHIDATHION
MEVINPHOS
PARATHION (ethyl)
PHORATE
PHOSMET
PROFENOFOS
PYRETHRINS
TRIBUFOS (DEF)
TRICHLORFON
1
Code TAR*
20a
2p --
2x --
2x
2x --
2x --
2x
2x
2p -
2X
2x
Limitations On Pesticide Use
Codes/Limitations                                                             >
  2a Within the area described under the Shading Key, do not apply this pesticide within 40 yards from the
      edge of water for ground applications, nor within 200 yards for aerial applications.
  2p Within the area described under the Shading Key and 1/a mile up all streams that join the area, do not
      apply this pesticide within 40 yards from the edge of water for ground applications, nor within 200
      yards for aerial applications; and do not apply directly to water in these areas.
  2x Within the area described under the Shading Key and Vz mile up all streams that join the area, do not
      apply this pesticide within 40 yards from the edge of water for ground applications, nor within 200
      yards for aerial applications.
  3v Within the area described under the Shading Key and 1 mile up all streams that join the area,  do not
      apply this pesticide within 100 yards from the edge of water for ground applications, nor within 1/4 mile
      for aerial applications; and do not apply directly to water in these areas.
 20a Within the area described under the Shading Key, do not apply directly to water.
 296 Within the area described under the Shading Key, do not apply this pesticide above the  threshold
      application rate (TAR) indicated within 40 yards from the edge of water for ground applications, nor
      within 200 yards for aerial applications.
 396 Within the area described under the Shading Key, do not apply this pesticide above the  threshold
      application rate (TAR) indicated within 100 yards from the edge of water for ground applications, nor
      within 1A mile for aerial applications.	
 TAR - Threshold Application Rate (Pounds of active ingredient per acre per application)

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Lee County, North Carolina
      [641
 LEGEND
	  County Border
     County Seat
     City, Town
     U.S. Highway

     River, Stream, Creek
                                                                                 3 mi
                                                                                 j
                                                                            3 km
SHADING KEY
       j Cape Fear shiner (fish), Notropis mekistocholas. The shaded area shown on the map
         includes all of Deep River west of U.S. Route 1.

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                                     Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Runoff
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incoiporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.
Drift
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.

         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
vvEPA
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Agency
      (7506C)
      Washington, DC 20460
      Official Business
      Penalty for Private Use
      $300

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