United States
                     Environmental Protection
                     Agency	
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (7506C)
EPA-735-F-96-014
September,
                     Protecting  Endangered
                     Species
                     Interim  Measures
                     Macon County,  North Carolina
                        The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                        what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                        Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                    Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                    effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                    law at this time, but are being provided now for
                    your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                    threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                    use. We encourage you to use this information.
                    We also welcome your comments.

                      The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                    protect and promote recovery of animals and
                    plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                    to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                    must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                    not result in harm to the species listed as
                    endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                    Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                    species' survival. To implement the Endangered
                    Species Protection Program, labels of certain
                    pesticides will direct users to bulletins similar to
                    this sample pamphlet. This program will protect
                    endangered and threatened species from harm due
                    to pesticide use.
                      EPA requests your comments regarding the
                    information presented in this publication. Please
                    let us know whether the information is clear and
                    correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                    recommended measures would affect you typical
                    pesticide use or productivity. This information
                    will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                    of program development.

                                       Please submit comments to:
                                     Interim Endangered Species
                                     Protection Program (7506C)
                                                    U.S.EPA
                                              401M Street, SW
                                         Washington, DC 20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Printed with Soy/Canda Ink on paper that
contains at least 50% recycled fflwr
            About This Publication

             This publication contains a County Map
            showing the Area within the county where
            pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
            species. These areas are identified on the map by
            a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
            corresponds to a species in need of protection.
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
            that each shaded pattern represents and often
            describes the shaded area. The area may be
            described in terms of Township, Range, and
            Section or by giving details about the habitat of
            the species.
             The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
            Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
            which there should be limitations on use to
            protect certain species. The next columns are
            headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
            Codes listed underneath them.
             The Code indicates the specific limitation that is
            necessary to protect the species! The section titled
            Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the code.

            Does This Information Apply to You?

             To determine whether this information applies
            to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
            below. The information applies only if you
            answer "yes" to both questions:
               Do you intend to use pesticides within or
               near the shaded area on the county map?
               Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
               panel of your pesticide product label named
               in the "Table of Pesticide Active
               Ingredients"?
             If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
            should follow the instructions on "How to Use
            This Information" to determine if you should
            limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
            species.
             If you answer "no" to either question, you
            should follow the usage directions on the
            pesticide product label.

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How To Use This Information

1)  On the county map, find the specific shading pattern(s) in or near the area where you intend to apply pesticides.
2)  Read the descriptor under the Shading Key for the pattern(s) to identify the specific area involved.
3)  In the Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the active ingredient in the pesticide you intend to apply.
4)  Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient name and under the shading pattern(s) that apply to you.
5)  When using the pesticide, find the code(s) described under "Limitations on Pesticide Use" and follow the limitation given.
6)  If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with more than
    one shading pattern (species), multiple codes may apply.  If so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.
7)  Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift in this pamphlet.

Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients	
Active ingredient
Shading Pattern
                                                                              Shading Pattern
H
Code
AZINPHOS-METHYL 2x
BENOMYL 1x
CAPTAN 1x
CARBARYL 2x
CARBOFURAN 1x
CHLORPYRIFOS 3v
CYPERMETHRIN
Cabbage 2x
DIAZINON 2x
DICOFOL 2x
DIMETHOATE 2x
ENDOSULFAN 2x
ESFENVALERATE 1x
ETHION 2x
ETHOPROP 1x
FENAMIPHOS 2x
FLURIDONE 20a
FONOFOS2X
MALATHION 1x
METHIDATHION 2x
METHOMYL 1x
MEVINPHOS 2x
NALED 196
OXYFLUORFEN (granular) 1a
OXYFLUORFEN (non-granular) 196
PARATHION (ethyl) 2x
PENDIMETHALIN 2x
PERMETHRIN 1x
PHORATE 1x
PHOSMET 1x
PHOSPHAMIDON 1x
PROPICONAZOLE 1x
PYRETHRINS 2x
TERBUFOS 2x
THIOPHANATE-METHYL 1x
TRICHLORFON (granular) 1a
TRICHLORFON (non-granular) 196
TRIFLURALIN (granular) 1a
TRIFLURALIN (non-granular) 196
m
TAR* Code TAR*
1x
1x
2x
1x
3v
2x
2x
..
20a
1x
2.7 196 2.7
1a
3 196 3
1x
1x
1x
1a
5 196 5
1a
0.6 196 0.6
*TAR = Threshold Application Rate (Pounds of active ingredient per acre per application)
The trade names listed above were provided by the North Carolina Department of Agriculture.

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                                     Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure Of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Runoff
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those withoui such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.
Drift
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less'drift.

        For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
xvEPA
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Agency
      (7506C)
      Washington, DC  20460
      Official Business
      Penalty for Private Use
      $300

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