United States
                         Environmental Protection
                         Agency	
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (7506C)
EPA-735-F-96-015
September, 1996
                         Protecting  Endangered
                         Species
                         Interim Measures
                         Mitchell County, North Carolina
                            The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                            what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                            Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                        Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                        effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                        law at this time, but are being provided now for
                        your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                        threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                        use. We encourage you to use this information.
                        We also welcome your comments.

                         The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                        protect and promote recovery of animals and
                        plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                        to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                        must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                        not result in harm to the species listed as
                        endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                        Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                        species' survival. To implement the Endangered
                        Species Protection Program, labels of certain
                        pesticides will direct users to bulletins similar to
                        this sample pamphlet. This program will protect
                        endangered and threatened species from harm due
                        to pesticide use.
                         EPA requests your comments regarding the
                        information presented in this publication. Please
                        let us know whether the information is clear and
                        correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                        recommended measures would affect you typical
                        pesticide use or productivity. This information
                        will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                        of program development

                                          Please submit comments to:
                                        Interim Endangered Species
                                        Protection Program (7506C)
                                                       U.S. EPA
                                                401 M Street, SW
                                            Washington, DC 20460
*
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           About This Publication

             This publication contains a County Map
           showing the Area within the county where
           pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
           species. These areas are identified on the map by
           a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
           corresponds to a species in need of protection.
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
           that each shaded pattern represents and often
           describes the shaded area. The area may be
           described in terms of Township, Range,  and
           Section or by giving details about the habitat of
           the species.
             The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
           Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
           which there should be limitations on use to
           protect certain species. The next columns are
           headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
           Codes listed underneath them.
             The Code indicates the specific limitation that is
           necessary to protect the species. The section titled
           Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the code.

           Does This Information Apply to You?

             To determine whether this information applies
           to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
           below. The information applies only if you
           answer "yes" to both questions:
               Do you intend to use pesticides within or
               near the shaded area on the county map?
               Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
               panel of your pesticide product label named
               in the "Table of Pesticide Active
               Ingredients"?
            If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
           should follow the instructions on "How to Use
           This Information" to determine if you should
           limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
           species.
            If you answer "no" to either question, you
           should follow the usage directions on the
           pesticide product label.

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How To Use This Information

   1)  On the county map, find the specific shading pattem(s) in or near the area where you intend to apply pesticides.

   2)  Read the descriptor under the Shading Key for the pattera(s) to identify the specific area involved.

   3)  In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the active ingredient in the pesticide you intend to apply.

   4)  Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient name and under the shading pattern(s) that apply to you.

   5)  When using  the pesticide, find the code(s) described under "Limitations on Pesticide Use" and follow the limitation given.

   6)  If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with more than
      one shading  pattern (species),  multiple codes may apply.  If so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.

   7)  Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift in this pamphlet.


Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients                     	__	
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern

WM%& I \W%ffi&
Code Code
AMITROLE 28 -- GLYPHOSATE
ATRAZINE 28 -- HEXAZINONE
AZINPHOS-METHYL 28 2x ^]il!?u,rtM
BENOMYL -- 1x METHIDATHION
CACODYUCACID 28 -- METHOMYL
CAPTAN - 1x METRIBUZIN
CARBARYL - 2x MEVINPHOS
CARBOFURAN - 1x NALED
CHLORPYRIFOS -- 3z OXYFLUORFEN
DAZOMET 28 -- PARAQUAT
Code
28
28
32
17b
28
DIAZINON -- 2x PARATHION (ethyl)
DICHLOBENIL 28 - PENDIMETHALIN
D1CHLORPROP (2.4-DP) 28 -- PERMETHRIN
DICOFOL - 2x PRORATE
DIMETHOATE - 2x PHOSMET
ENDOSULFAN - 2x PHOSPHAMIDON
EpTC 28 -- PICLORAM (all forms)
ESFENVALERATE -- 1x PROPICONAZOLE
ETH10N -- 2x PYRETHRINS
ETHOPROP - 1x SIMAZINE
FENAMIPHOS -- 2x SULFOMETURON METHYL
FONOFOS -- 2x TERBUFOS
FOSAMINE-AMMONIUM 28 -- TRICHLORFON
28
28
32
Code
2x
2x
1x
2x
1x
2x
2X
1x
1x
1x
1x
1x
2x
2x
2x
Limitations On Pesticide Use
Codes/Limitations
   1x Within the area described under the Shading Key and Vz mile up all streams that join the area, do not
      apply this pesticide within 20 yards from the edge of water for ground applications, nor within 100
      yards for aerial applications.
   2x Within the area described under the Shading Key and Vz mile up all streams that join the area, do not
      apply this pesticide within 40 yards from the edge of water for ground applications, nor within 200
      yards for aerial applications.
   3z Within the area described under the Shading Key, do not apply this pesticide within 100 yards from the
      edge of water for ground applications, nor within 1/4 mile for aerial applications; and do not apply
      directly to water in these areas.
  17b Do not apply this pesticide in the species habitat (described under the Shading Key).  For ground
      applications do not apply within 100 yards of the habitat, nor within 1A mile for aerial applications.
   28 Do not apply this pesticide within the shaded area shown on the map, within 20 yards of the shaded
      area for ground applications, nor within 100 yards for aerial applications.
   32 Do not apply this pesticide on rights-of-way within the shaded  area shown on the map.	

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Mitchell County, North Carolina
                                                                                    Legend
                                                                                        County Border
                                                                                        County Seat
                                                                                        City
                                                                                        U-S- State or
                                                                                          Other Highway
                                                                           	Park, Reservation,
                                                                                          Forest, Monument
                                                                                        River, Stream, Creek
    0               4  mi

    I  i'l   I1  I  '    '
    0         4        km
SHADING KEY
       J Blue Ridge goldenrod, Solidago spithamaea (Asteraceae, the aster family). Within the
       J shaded area shown on the map, pesticide use limitations only apply above 4,600 ft.
         Freshwater mollusks [Appalachian elktoe, Alasmidonta raveneliana}. The shaded area
         shown on the map is on the Nolichucky River from the state border east to North Toe River,
         and on North Toe River east to Pigeonroost Creek.

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                                      Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Runoff
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.
Drift
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.

         For the  Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
 vvEPA
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Agency
      (7506C)
      Washington, DC 20460

      Official Business
      Penalty for Private Use
      $300

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