United States
                      Environmental Protection
                      Agency	
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (7506C)
EPA-735-F-96-Q23
September, 1996
                       Protecting   Endangered
                      Species
                      Interim  Measures
                      Warren County, North Carolina
                          The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                          what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                          Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                     Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                     effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                     law at this time, but are being provided now for
                     your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                     threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                     use. We encourage you to use this information.
                     We a!so welcome your comments.

                       The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                     protect and promote recovery of animals and
                     plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                     to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                     must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                     not result in harm to the species listed as
                     endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                     Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                     species' survival. To implement the Endangered
                     Species Protection Program, labels of certain
                     pesticides will direct users to bulletins similar to
                     this sample pamphlet. This program will protect
                     endangered and threatened species from harm due
                     to pesticide use.
                      EPA requests  your comments regarding the
                     information presented in this publication. Please
                     let us know whether the information is clear and
                     correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                     recommended measures would affect you typical
                     pesticide use or productivity. This information
                     will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                     of program development.

                                       Please submit comments to:
                                      Interim Endangered Species
                                      Protection Program (7506C)
                                                    U.S. EPA
                                             401 M Street, SW
                                         Washington, DC 20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
contains at least 50% recycled fiber
           About This Pubacation

             This publication contains a County Map
           showing the Area within the county where
           pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
           species. These areas are identified on the map by
           a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
           corresponds to a species in need of protection. 
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
           that each shaded pattern represents and often
           describes the shaded area. The area may be
           described in terms of Township, Range, and
           Section or by giving details about the habitat of
           the species.
            The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
           Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
           which there should be limitations on use to
           protect certain species. The next columns are
           headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
           Codes listed underneath them.          :   >
            The Code indicates the specific limitation that is
           necessary to protect the species. The section titled
           Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the code.

           Does This Information Apply to You?

            To determine whether this information applies
           to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
           below. The information applies only if you
           answer "yes" to both questions:
              Do you intend to use pesticides within or
              near the shaded area on the county map?
              Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
              panel of your pesticide product label named
              in the "Table of Pesticide Active
              Ingredients"?
            If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
           should follow the instructions on "How to Use
           This Information" to determine if you should
           limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
          species.
            If you answer "no" to either question, you
          should follow the usage directions on the
          pesticide product label.

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How To Use This Information

   1) On the county map, find the specific shading
      pattern(s) in or near the area where you intend to
      apply pesticides.

   2) Read the descriptor under the Shading Key for the
      pattem(s) to identify the specific area involved.

   3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate
      the active ingredient in the pesticide you intend to
      apply.

   4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient
      name and under the shading pattem(s) that apply to
      you.

   5) When using the pesticide, find the code(s) described
      under "Limitations on Pesticide Use" and follow the
      limitation given.

   6) If you are  applying more than one listed active
      ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in an
      area with more than one shading pattern (species),
       multiple codes may apply. If so, you should follow
       the most restrictive limitation.

   7)  Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift
       in  this pamphlet.
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
AZINPHOS-METHYL
BENOMYL
CAPTAN
CARBARYL
CARBOFURAN
CHLORPYRIFOS
DIAZINON
DICOFOL
D1METHOATE
ENDOSULFAN
ESFENVALERATE
ETHION
ETHOPROP
FENAMIPHOS
FONOFOS
MALATHION
METHIDATHION
METHOMYL
MEVINPHOS
NALED
PARATHION (ethyl)
PENDIMETHALIN
PERMETHRIN
PHORATE
PHOSMET
PHOSPHAM1DON
PROPICONAZOLE
PYRETHRINS
TERBUFOS
TRICHLORFON
Limitations On Pesticide
Shading Pattern
1 1
Code
2x
1x
1x
2x
1x
3z
2x
2x
2x
2x
1x
2x
1x
2x
2x
2x
2x
1x
2x
1x
2x
2x
1x
1x
1x
1x
1x
2x
2x
2x
Use
                                                              Codes/Limitations
                                                                1x  Within the area described under the Shading Key
                                                                    and 1/2 mile up all streams that join the area, do
                                                                    not apply this pesticide within  20 yards from the
                                                                    edge of water for ground applications, nor
                                                                    within 100 yards for aerial applications.

                                                                2x  Within the area described under the Shading Key
                                                                    and 1/2 mile up all streams that join the area, do
                                                                    not apply this pesticide within  40 yards from the
                                                                    edge  of water for ground applications, nor
                                                                    within 200 yards for aerial applications.
                                                                3z  Within the area described under the Shading
                                                                    Key, do not apply this pesticide within 100 yards
                                                                    from the edge of water for ground applications,
                                                                    nor within 1/4 mile for aerial applications; and do
                                                                    not apply directly to water in these areas.

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Warren County, North Carolina
           LEGEND
                                                                                N
               County Border
               County Seat
               City, Town
               Interstate, U.S., State
                 Highway
               River, Stream, Creek
     4 mi
4 km
          VICKSBORO
                                                                             Fishing
                                                                             Creek
                                                       Shocco Creek
SHADING KEY
       J Freshwater mollusks [Dwarf wedge mussel, Alasmidonta heterodon. Tar River
         spinymussel, Elliptic (Canthyria) steinstansand\. The shaded area shown on the map
         for the Dwarf wedge mussel is on Shocco Creek from SR 1133 east to Fishing Creek.
            The shaded area for the Tar River spinymussel is on Shocco Creek from North Carolina
         Route 58 east to Fishing Creek.

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                                     Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Runoff
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.
Drift
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors hi reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.

         For the  Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
 vvEPA
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Agency
      (7506C)
      Washington, DC 20460
      Official Business
      Penalty for Private Use
      $3OO

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