United States
                     Environmental Protection
                     Agency	
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (7506C)
EPA-735-F-96-025
September, 1996
                     Protecting   Endangered
                     Species
                     Interim  Measures
                     Yancy County, North Carolina
                         The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                         what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                         Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                     Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                     effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                     law at this time, but are being provided now for
                     your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                     threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                     use. We encourage you to use this information.
                     We also welcome your comments.

                      The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                     protect and promote recovery of animals and
                     plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                     to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                     must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                     not result in harm to the species listed as
                     endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                     Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                     species' survival. To implement the Endangered
                     Species Protection Program, labels of certain
                     pesticides will direct users to bulletins similar to
                     this sample pamphlet. This program will protect
                     endangered and threatened species from harm due
                     to pesticide use.
                      EPA requests your comments regarding the
                     information presented in this publication. Please
                     let us know whether the information is clear and
                     correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                    -recommended measures would affect you typical
                     pesticide use or productivity. Thisinformation
                     will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                     of program development.

                                       Please submit comments to:
                                     Interim Endangered Species
                                     Protection Program (7506C)
                                                    U.S. EPA
                                              401 M Street, SW
                                         Washington, DC 20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on papar that
contains at least 50% recycled fiber
            About This Publication

             This publication contains a County Map
            showing the Area within the county where
            pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
            species. These areas are identified on the map by
            a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
            corresponds to a species in need of protection.
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
            that each shaded pattern represents and often
            describes the shaded area. The area may be
            described in terms of Township, Range, and
            Section or by giving details about the habitat of
            the species.
             The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
            Active  Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
            which there should be limitations on use to
            protect certain species. The next columns are
            headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
            Codes listed underneath them.
             The Code indicates the specific limitation that is
            necessary to protect the species. The section titled
            Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the code.

            Does This Information Apply to You?

             To determine whether this information applies
            to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
            below.  The information applies only if you
            answer "yes" to both questions:
               Do you intend to use pesticides within or
               near the shaded area on the county map?
               Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
               panel of your pesticide product label named
               in the "Table of Pesticide Active
               Ingredients"?
             If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
            should follow the instructions on "How to Use
            This Information" to determine if you should
            limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
            species.
             If you answer "no" to either question, you
            should follow the usage directions on the
            pesticide product label.

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How To Use This Information

   1)  On the county map, find the specific shading
      pattern(s) in or near the area where you intend to
      apply pesticides.
   2)  Read the descriptor under the Shading Key for the
      pattern(s) to identify the specific area involved.
   3)  In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate
      the active ingredient in the pesticide you intend to
      apply.
   4)  Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient
      name and under the shading pattem(s) that apply to
      you.
   5)  When using the pesticide, find the code(s) described
      under "Limitations on Pesticide Use" and follow the
      limitation given.
   6)  If you are applying more than one listed active
      ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in an
      area with more than one shading pattern (species),
      multiple codes may apply.  If so, you should follow
      the most restrictive limitation.
   7)  Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift
      in this pamphlet.
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern
                                   Code
A2INPHOS-METHYL
BENOMYL
CAPTAN
CARBARYL
CARBOFURAN
CHLORPYR1FOS
DIAZINON
DICOFOL
DIMETHOATE
ENDOSULFAN
ESFENVALERATE
ETHION
ETHOPROP
FENAM1PHOS
FONOFOS
MALATHION
METHIDATHION
METHOMYL
MEVINPHOS
NALED
PARATHION (ethyl)
PENDIMETHALIN
PERMETHRIN
PHORATE
PHOSMET
PHOSPHAMIDON
PROPICONAZOLE
PYRETHRINS
TERBUFOS
TRICHLORFON
2x
1x
1x
2x
1x
3z
2x
2x
2x
2x
1x
2x
1x
2x
2x
2x
2x
1x
2x
1x
2x
2x
1x
1x
1x
1x
1x
2x
2x
2x
                                                            Limitations On Pesticide Use
                                                            Codes/Limitations
                                                              1x  Within the area described under the Shading Key
                                                                  and 1/2 mile up all streams that join the area, do
                                                                  not apply this pesticide within 20 yards from the
                                                                  edge of water for ground applications, nor
                                                                  within 100 yards for aerial applications.
                                                              2x  Within the area described under the Shading Key
                                                                  and 1/2 mile up all streams that join the area, do
                                                                  not apply this pesticide within 40 yards from the
                                                                  edge of water for ground applications, nor
                                                                  within 200 yards for aerial applications.
                                                              3z  Within the area described under the Shading
                                                                  Key, do not apply this pesticide within 100 yards
                                                                  from the edge of water for ground applications,
                                                                  nor within 1/4 mile for aerial applications; and do
                                                                  not apply directly to water in these areas.

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Yancey County, North Carolina
Nolichucky River
                                      RAMSEYTOWN

                                              DAY
                               191     1)354  BOOK
                                                                                    Legend
                                                                                      County Border
                                                                                        County Seat
                                                                                        City
                                                                                        U.S., State or
                                                                                          Other Highway
                                                                                        River, Stream, Creek
 SHADING KEY
 |       j Freshwater mollusks [Appalachian elktoe, Alasmidonta raveneliand]. The shaded area
 	      shown on the map is on Nolichucky River from the state border east to North Toe River, on
          North Toe River east to Pigeonroost Creek, and on Cane River south to county route 1354.

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                                     Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Runoff
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.
Drift
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift.  Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.

         For the  Protection of Your Land,  Always Read and Follow Label Directions
 vvEPA
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Agency
      (7506C)
      Washington, DC 20460
      Official Business
      Penalty for Private Use
      $300

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