United States
                            Environmental Protection
                            Agency	
                               Pesticides and
                               Toxic Substances (7506C)
                         EPA-735-F-96-027
                         September, 199G
'.*.
                            Protecting  Endangered
                            Species
                            Interim  Measures
                            Brooks County,  Georgia
    The information in this pamphlet is similar to
    what the U.S. Environmental Protection
    Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
Endangered Species Protection Program is in
effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
law at this time, but are being provided now for
your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
threatened species from harm due to pesticide
use. We encourage you to use this information.
We also welcome your comments.

 The Endangered Species Act is intended to
protect and promote recovery of animals and
plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
not result in harm to the species listed as
endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
species' survival. To implement the Endangered
Species Protection Program, labels of certain
pesticides will direct users to bulletins similar to
this sample pamphlet. This program wilLprotect
endangered and threatened species from harm due
to pesticide .use.
 EPA requests your comments regarding the
information presented in this publication. Please
let us know whether the information is clear and
correct. Also tell us to what extent following the  .
recommended measures would affect you typical
pesticide use or productivity. This information
will be considered by EPA during the final stages
of program development.

                   Please submit comments to:
                                            Interim Endangered Species
                                            Protection Program (7506C)
                                                           ILS.EPA
                                                     401M Street, SW
                                                Washington, DC 20460
       He cycled/Recyclable
       Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
       contains at laast 50% recycled fiber
 About This Publication

  This publication contains a County Map
 showing the Area within the county where
 pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
 species. These areas are identified on the map by
 a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
 corresponds to a species in need of protection.
  The Shading Key shows the name of the species
 that each shaded pattern represents and often
 describes the shaded area. The area may be
 described in terms of Township, Range, and
 Section or by giving details about the habitat of
 the species.
  The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
 Active  Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
 which there should be limitations on use to
 protect certain species. The next columns are
 headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
 Codes listed underneath them.
  The Code indicates the specific limitation that is
 necessary to protect the species. The'section titled
 Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the code.

 Does This Information Apply to You?

  To determine whether this information applies
 to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
 below. "The information applies only if you
 answer "yes" to both questions:
    Do you intend to use pesticides within or
    near the shaded area on the county map?
    Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
    panel of your pesticide product label named
    in the "Table of Pesticide Active
    Ingredients"?
  If you answer "yes" to both questions, you  .
 should follow the instructions on "How to Use
 This Information" to. determine if you should
 limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
 species.
  If you answer "no" to either question, you
.should follow the usage directions on the
 pesticide product label

-------
How To Use This Information
1)  On the county map, find the specific shading pattem(s) in or near the area where you intend to apply pesticides.
2)  Read the descriptor under the Shading Key for the pattern(s) to identify the specific area involved.
3)  In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the active ingredient in the pesticide you intend to apply.
4)  Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient name and under the shading pattern(s) that apply to you.
5)  When using the pesticide, find the code(s) described under "Limitations on Pesticide Use" and follow the limitation given.
6)  If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with more than
    one shading pattern (species), multiple codes may apply. If so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.
7)  Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift in this pamphlet.

Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern
                                  Code
4-AMINOPYRIDINE [Avitrol]
ACEPHATE [Orthene]
ALDICARB [Temik]
AZINPHOS-METHYL [Guthion]
CARBOFURAN [Furadan]
CHLORPYRIFOS [Lorsban]
DIAZINON rjDiazinon]
DICHLORVOS [Prentox, Elastrel]
DICROTOPHOS CBidrin]
ENDOSULFAN [Thiodan]
ETHOPROP [Mocap]
19
19
19
19a
19a
19
19
19
19
19a
19
                                                         FENAMIPHOS [Nemacur]
                                                         FENTHION [Baytex]
                                                         FONOFOS [Dyfonate]
                                                         ISOFENPHOS [Oftanol]
                                                         PHORATE [Thimet]
                                                         TEMEPHOS [Abate, Tempo]
                                                                                             Code
                                                                19
                                                                19
                                                                19
                                                                19
                                                         METHYL PARATHION        ,          19
                                                             [Penncap-M]
                                                         MEVINPHOS [Phosdrin]                19
                                                         OXAMYL [Vydate L]                    19
                                                         PARAQUAT [Gramoxone, Starfire]        19
                                                                19
                                                                19
The trade names listed above were provided by the Georgia Department of Agriculture.

Limitations On Pesticide Use
Codes/Limitations

19  Do not apply this pesticide in the species' primary habitat (described under the Shading Key), within 40 yards of
    the water's edge for ground applications, nor within 200 yards for aerial applications.

19a Do not apply this pesticide in the species' primary habitat (described under the Shading Key), within 100 yards of
    the water's edge for ground applications, nor within 14 mile for aerial applications.

-------
BROOKS  COUNTY,  GEORGIA
                                                                                        LEGEND
                                                                                           County Border
                                                                                             County Seat
                                                                                             City, Town
                                                                                             U.S., State or
                                                                                               Other Highway
                                                                                             River, Stream, Creek
                                                                                             Lake, Reservoir, Pond
                                                                                                         3m!
 SHADING  KEY
            Wood stork, Mycteria americana. The shaded area shown on the map represents a 10-mile radius
            around a wood stork rookery. Rookeries in Georgia may provide nesting habitat to groups of ten to several
            hundred pairs of wood storks. Rookeries generally are located in cypress or other wooded swamps. Wood
            storks forage in permanent or temporary shallow (2-12") freshwater and brackish wetlands, including flooded
            pastures, marshes, swamps, bogs, sloughs, and roadside ditches with still or slowly flowing water.

            In addition to the limitations listed above, pesticide applicators are urged to use caution in all other areas within
            the shaded areas as these areas are also vital to the health and maintenance  of the rookery.

            Wood storks have established new rookeries in Georgia since these maps were developed. Please contact the
            U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in Brunswick (912-265-9336) if you have questions about wood stork locations
            and pesticide spraying on your property.

-------
                                     Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can dimmish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Runoff
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which'incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.
Drift
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically., higher spray volumes
wUl also result in less drift.

         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
 oEPA
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Agency
      (7506C)
      Washington, DC 20460

      Official Business
      Penally for Private Use
      $300

-------