United States
                          Environmental Protection
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (7506C)
August 1994
                          Protecting  Endangered
                          Species                                   ~~"
                          Interim Measures
                          Emanuel County, Georgia
                             The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                             what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                             Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                         Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                         effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                         law at this time, but are being provided now for
                         your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                         threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                         use. We encourage you to use this information.
                         We also welcome your comments.

                           The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                         protect and promote recovery of animals and
                         plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                         to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                         must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                         not result in harm to the species listed as
                         endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                         Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                         species' survival. To implement the Endangered
                         Species Protection Program, labels of certain
                         pesticides will direct users to bulletins similar to
                         this sample pamphlet. This program will protect
                         endangered and threatened species from harm due
                         to pesticide use.
                           EPA requests your comments regarding the
                         information presented in this publication. Please
                         let us know whether the information is clear and
                         correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                         recommended measures would affect you typical
                         pesticide use or productivity. This information
                         will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                         of program development.

                                            Please submit comments to:
                                          Interim Endangered Species
                                          Protection Program (7506C)
                                                         U.S. EPA
                                                   401 M Street, SW
                                              Washington, DC 20460
7~\ <\ Primed with Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
\_JC7 contains at least 50% recycled fiber
            About This Publication

             This publication contains a County Map
            showing the Area within the county where
            pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
            species. These areas are identified on the map by
            a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
            corresponds to a species in need of protection.
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
            that each shaded pattern represents and often
            describes the shaded area. The area may be
            described in terms of Township, Range, and
            Section or by giving details about the habitat of
            the species.
             The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
            Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
            which there should be limitations on use to
            protect certain species. The next columns are
            headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
            Codes listed underneath them.
             The Code indicates the specific limitation that is
            necessary to protect the species. The section titled
            Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the code.

            Does This Information Apply to You?

             To determine whether this information applies
            to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
            below. The information applies only if you
            answer "yes" to both questions:
            •  Do you Intend to use pesticides within or
               near the shaded area on the county map?
            •  Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
               panel of your pesticide product label named
               in the "Table of Pesticide Active
             If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
            should follow the instructions on "How to Use
            This Information" to determine if you should
            limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
             If you answer "no" to either question, you
            should follow the usage directions on the
            pesticide product label.

 How To Use This Information
 1)  On the county map, find the specific shading pattern(s) in or near the area where you intend to apply pesticides.
 2)  Read the descriptor under the Shading Key for the pattern(s) to identify the specific area involved.
 3)  In the 'Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the active ingredient in the pesticide you intend to apply.
 4)  Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient name and under the shading pattern(s) that apply to you.
 5)  When using the pesticide, find the code(s) described under "Limitations on Pesticide Use" and follow the limitation given.
 6)  If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with more than
    one shading pattern (species), multiple codes may apply. If so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.
 7)  Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift in this pamphlet.

 Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients	
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern
ACEPHATE [Orthene]
ALDICARB rjemik]
DIAZINON [Diazinon]
DICHLORVOS [Prentox, Elastrel]
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern
                                                           FENAMIPHOS [Nemacur]
                                                           FENTHION [Baytex]
                                                           FONOFOS [Dyfonate]
                                                           ISOFENPHOS [Oftanol]
                                                           PHORATE [Thimet]
                                                           TEMEPHOS [Abate, Tempo]
                                                           METHYL PARATHION                  19
                                                           MEVINPHOS [Phosdrin]                 19
                                                           OXAMYL [Vydate L]                    19
                                                           PARAQUAT [Gramoxone, Starfire]         19
The trade names listed above were provided by the Georgia Department of Agriculture.

Limitations On Pesticide Use

19   Do not apply this pesticide in the species' primary habitat (described under the Shading Key), within 40 yards of the water's
     edge for ground applications, nor within 200 yards for aerial applications.

19a  Do not apply this pesticide in the species' primary habitat (described under the Shading Key), within 100 yards of the water's
     edge for ground applications, nor within V* mile for aerial applications.


                   County Border
                   County Seat
                   City, Town
       {641(64)     U.S., State  Highway

                   River, Stream, Creek
                                                                           TWIN CITY!
              I '  '  I
             0     3km
                                                                                        .,    ..
            Wood stork, Mycfera amerfcana The shaded area shown on the map represents a 1 0-mile radius
            around a wood stork rookery.  Rookeries in Georgia may provide nesting habitat to groups of ten to several
            hundred pairs of wood storks. Rookeries generally are located in cypress or other wooded swamps. Wood
            storks forage in permanent or temporary shallow (2-12") freshwater and brackish wetlands, including flooded
            pastures, marshes, swamps, bogs, sloughs, and roadside ditches with still or slowly flowing water.

            In addition to the limitations listed above, pesticide applicators are urged to use caution in all other areas within
            the shaded areas as these areas are also vital to the health and maintenance of the rookery.

            Wood storks have established new rookeries in Georgia since these maps were developed. Please contact the
            U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in Brunswick (912-265-9336) if you have questions about wood stork locations
            and pesticide spraying on your property.

                                      Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.

         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Washington, DC 20460
      Official Business
      Penalty for Private Use