United States
                    Environmental Protection
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (H7506C)

                    Protecting   Endangered
                   Interim  Measures
                   Crawford County, Michigan
                       The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                       what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                       Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                  Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                  effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                  law at this time, but are being provided now for
                  your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                  threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                  use. We encourage you to use this information.
                  We also welcome your comments.

                   The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                  protect and promote recovery of animals and
                  plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                  to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                  must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                  not result in harm to the species listed as
                  endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                  Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                  species' survival. To accomplish this, the EPA
                  expects to implement program requirements
                  beginning in 1993. This program will protect
                  endangered and threatened species from harm due
                  to pesticide use.
                   EPA requests your comments regarding the
                  information presented in this publication. Please
                  let us know whether the information is clear and
                  correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                  recommended measures would affect you typical
                  pesticide use or productivity. This information
                  will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                 of program development.

                                    Please submit comments to:

                                  Interim Endangered Species
                                Protection Program (H7506C)
                                                U.S. EPA
                                          401 M Street, SW
                                     Washington, DC 20460
Printed on paper that contains
at least 50% recycled liber
           About This Publication

            This publication contains a County Map
           showing the Area within the county where
           pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
           species. These areas are identified on the map by
           a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
           corresponds to a species in need of protection.
            The Shading Key shows the name of the species
           that each shaded pattern represents and describes
           the shaded area. The area may be described in
           terms of Township, Range, and Section or by
           giving details about the habitat of the species.
           The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
           Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
           which there should be limitations on use to
          protect certain species. The next columns are
          headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
          Codes listed underneath them.
           The Code indicates the specific limitation that
          is necessary to protect the species. The section
          titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the

          Does This Information Apply to  You?

           To determine whether this information applies
          to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
          below. The Information applies only if you
          answer "yes" to both questions:
             Do you intend to use pesticides within the
             shaded iarea on the county map?
             Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
             panel of your pesticide product label named
             in the 'Table of Pesticide Active
           If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
         should follow the instructions on "How to Use
         This Information" to determine if you should
         limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
           If you answer "no" to either question, you
         should follow the usage directions on the
         pesticide product label.

How To Use This Information

1) On the county map, find the specific shading patterns
   that cover the area where you will apply pesticides.

2) Read the shading key for those patterns to identify
   the specific area involved.
3) In the 'Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate
   the active ingredients in the pesticide you intend
   to apply.
4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingr-dient
   name and under the shading patterns that apply
   to you.
5) When using the pesticide, you should follow the
   limitations indicated for those codes described under
   "Limitations on Pesticide Use."

6) If you are applying rr.cre than one listed active
   ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient m
   an area with more than one shaded pattern (species),
   multiple codes may apply.  If so, you should follow
    the most restrictive limitation.
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern/Code
Limitations On Pesticide Use

Code    Limitation
  28     Do not apply within 100 yards of species
         habitat for aerial applications or within
         20 yards of species habitat for ground

Crawford County, Michigan
              County Border
                County Seat
                Interstate, U.S., State,
                  or Other Highway
                Park, Reservation,
                  Forest, Monument
                River, Stream, Creek
 4  mi


Shading Key
        Kirtland's warbler (wood), Dendroica kirtlandii. Within the shaded area shown on
        the map, habitat consists of stands of jack pine 4-20 feet tall (approx. 8-25 years old).
        Limitations do not apply to isolated stands of jack pine less than 40 acres large. If you are
        within the shaded area, follow the limitations in the pesticide table or  contact the U.S. Fish
        and Wildlife Service at (517) 337-6650. The Fish and Wildlife Service will need to know the
        location and perhaps other details of your application site, as well as the product's active
        ingredients. The Fish and Wildlife Service will then tell you whether your site is within the
        habitat of the species and is therefore subject to the limitations.

                                           Reducing Runoff and Drift

         Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and
         threatened species to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more
         of the applied pesticide on the field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.

         Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these
         methods also reduce pesticide runoff.
         Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and  in-furrow techniques, which incorporate
         the pesticide into the soil.
         Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those
         without such warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
         Keep informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy
         rainfall is expected.

         Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly,
         pesticides should be applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid applica-
         tion during periods of high winds. Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evapora-
         tion is highest, will further reduce drift.
         When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial
         Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher
         spray volumes will also result in less drift.

                 For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
    United Slates
    Environmental Protection
    Washington, DC 20460

    Official Business
    Penalty for Private Use