United States
                 Environmental Protection
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (H7506C)

                  Protecting   Endangered
                 Interim  Measures
                 Missaukee County,  Michigan
                     The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                     what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                     Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                 Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                 effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                 law at this time, but are being provided now for
                 your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                 threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                 use. We encourage you to use this information.
                 We also welcome your comments.

                  The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                 protect and promote recovery of animals and
                 plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                 to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                 must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                 not result in harm to the species listed as
                 endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                 Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                 species' survival. To accomplish this, the EPA
                 expects to implement program requirements
                 beginning in 1993. This program will protect
                 endangered and threatened species from harm due
                 to pesticide use.
                  EPA requests your comments regarding the
                 information presented in this publication. Please
                 let us know whether the information is clear and
                 correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                 recommended measures would affect you typical
                 pesticide use or productivity. This information
                 will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                 of program development.

                                   Please submit comments to:

                                  Interim Endangered Species
                                Protection Program (H7506C)
                                                U.S. EPA
                                          401M Street, SW
                                     Washington, DC 20460
Printed on paper thai contains
at least 50% recycled fiber
           About This Publication

             This publication contains a County Map
           showing Ihe Area within the county where
           pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
           species. These areas are identified on the map by
           a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
           corresponds to a species in need of protection.
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
           that each shaded pattern represents and describes
           the shaded area. The area may be described in
           terms of Township, Range, and Section or by
           giving details about the habitat of the species.
             The first column of the 'Table of Pesticide
           Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
           which there should be limitations on use to
           protect certain species. The next columns are
           headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
           Codes listed underneath them.
             The Code indicates the specific limitation that
           is necessary to protect the species. The section
           titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the

           Does This Information Apply to You?

             To deteimine whether this information applies
           to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
           below. The information applies only if you
           answer "yes" to both questions:
               Do you intend to use pesticides within the
               shaded area on the county map?
               Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
               panel of your pesticide product label named
               in the "Table of Pesticide Active
             If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
           should follow the instructions on "How to Use
           This Information" to determine if you should
           limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
             If you answer "no" to either question, you
           should follow the usage directions on the
           pesticide product label.

How To Use This Information

1) On the county map, find the specific shading patterns
   that cover the area where you will apply pesticides.

2) Read the shading key for those patterns to identify
   the specific area involved.

3) In the 'Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate
   the active ingredients in the pesticide you intend
   to apply.

4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient
   name and under the shading patterns that apply
   to you.

5) When using the pesticide, you should follow the
   limitations indicated for those codes described under
   "Limitations on Pesticide Use."

6) If you are applying more than one listed active
   ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in
   an area with more than one shaded pattern (species),
   multiple codes may apply. If so, you should follow
   the most restrictive limitation.
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern/Code
Limitations On Pesticide Use

Code   Limitation
 28    Do not apply within 100 yards of species
        habitat for aerial applications or within
        20 yards of species  habitat for ground

 Missaukee  County, Michigan
  County Border
     County Seat
     State or Other
5 mi
3 5 krr
                                                                     Oil Reid
                  LAKE CITY
Shading Key
        Kirtland's warbler (wood), Dendroica kirtlandii.  Within the shaded area shown on
        the map, habitat consists of stands of jack pine 4-20 feet tall (approx. 8-25 years old).
        Limitations do not apply to isolated stands of jack pine less than 40 acres large. If you are
        within the shaded area, follow the limitations in the pesticide table or contact the U.S. Fish
        and Wildlife Service at (517) 337-6650. The Fish and Wildlife Service will need to know the
        location and perhaps other  details of your application site, as well as the product's active
        ingredients. The Fish and Wildlife Service will then tell you whether your site is within the
        habitat of the species and is therefore subject to the limitations.

                                          Reducing Runoff and Drift

        Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and
        threatened species to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more
        of the applied pesticide on the field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
        Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; thes6
        methods also reduce pesticide runoff.
        Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate
        the pesticide into the soil.
        Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those
        without such warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
        Keep informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy
        rainfall is expected.
        Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly,
        pesticides should be applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid applica-
        tion during periods of high winds. Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evapora-
        tion is highest, will further reduce drift.
        When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial
        Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage  will reduce drift. Typically, higher
        spray volumes will also result in less drift.
                 For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
    United States
    Environmental Protection
    Washington, DC 20460
    Official Business
    Penalty for Private Use