United States
                  Environmental Protection
                  Agency
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (H7506C)
                   Protecting  Endangered
                  Species
                  Interim  Measures
                  Emmons County, North Dakota
                      The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                      what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                      Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                 Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                 effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                 law at this time, but are being provided now for
                 your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                 threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                 use. We encourage you to use this information.
                 We also welcome your comments.

                   The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                 protect and promote recovery of animals and
                 plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                 to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                 must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                 not result in harm to the species listed as
                 endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                 Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                 species' survival. To accomplish this, the EPA
                 expects to implement program requirements
                 beginning in 1993. This program will protect
                 endangered and threatened species from harm due
                 to pesticide use.
                   EPA requests your comments regarding the
                 information presented in this publication. Please
                 let us know whether the information is clear and
                 correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                 recommended measures would affect you typical
                 pesticide use or productivity. This information
                 will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                 of program development.

                                   Please submit comments to:

                                 Interim Endangered Species
                                Protection Program (H7506C)
                                                U.S. EPA
                                         401M Street, SW
                                     Washington, DC 20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Printed on paper that contains
at least 50% recycled fiber
           About This Publication

            This publication contains a County Map
           showing the Area within the county where
           pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
           species. These areas are identified on the map by
           a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
           corresponds to a species in need of protection.
            The Shading Key shows the name of the species
           that each shaded pattern represents and describes
           the shaded area. The area may be described in
           terms of Township, Range, and Section or by
           giving details about the habitat of the species.
            The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
           Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
           which there should be limitations on use to
           protect certain species. The next columns are
           headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
           Codes listed underneath them.
            The Code indicates the specific limitation that
           is necessary to protect the species. The section
           titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the
           code.

           Does Thiis Information Apply to You?

            To determine whether this information applies
           to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
           below. The information applies only if you
           answer "yes" to both questions:
              Do you intend to use pesticides within the
              shaded area on the county map?
              Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
              panel of your pesticide product label named
              in the 'Table of Pesticide Active
              Ingredients"?
            If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
          should follow the instructions on "How to Use
          This Informiation" to determine if you should
          limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
          species.
            If you answer "no" to either question, you
          should follow the usage directions on the
          pesticide product label.

-------
How To Use This Information

1) On the county map, find the specific shading patterns
   that cover the area where you will apply pesticides.

2) Read  the shading key for those patterns to identify
   the specific area involved.

3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate
   the active ingredients in the pesticide you intend
   to apply.
4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient
   name and under the shading patterns that apply
   to you.
5) When using the pesticide, you should follow the
   limitations indicated for those codes described under
   "Limitations on Pesticide Use."

6) If you are applying more than one listed active
   ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in
   an area with more than one shaded pattern (species),
   multiple codes  may apply.  If so, you should follow
   the most restrictive limitation.
Table Of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern/Code
4-AMINOPYRIDINE (4-AP)
ALDICARB (GRANULAR)
AZINPHOS-METHYL
CARBARYL
CARBOFURAN (GRANULAR)
CHLORPYRIFOS
DIAZINON
DICROTOPHOS
DISULFOTON
ENDOSULFAN
ENDRIN
EPN
ETHOPROP (GRANULAR)
FENAMIPHOS
FENSULFOTHION
FONOFOS
                                                     ISOFENPHOS
                                                     METHYL PARATHION
                                                     MEVINPHOS
                                                     OXAMYL
                                                     OXYFLUORFEN
                                                     PARAQUAT
                                                     PARATHION (ETHYL PARATHION)
                                                     PHORATE (GRANULAR)
                                                     TOXAPHENE (CAMPHECHLOR)
                                                     TRICHLORFON
           37
           37
           37
           37
           37
           37
           37
           37
           37
           37
           37
           37
           37
           37
           37
                                    37
                                    37
                                    37
                                    37
                                    37
                                    37
                                    37
                                    37
                                    37
                                    37
37

37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
37
                  37
                  37
                  37
                  37
                  37
                  37
                  37
                  37
                  37
                  37
                                                     Limitations On Pesticide Use
                                                     Code    Limitation
                                                      37     Use in shaded area is prohibited. However,
                                                             if you feel that your situation is an exception,
                                                             you must contact the North Dakota
                                                             Department of Agriculture at 224-2231.

-------
Emmons County, North Dakota
               Legend
                 County Border
                   County Seat
                   Lake, Reservoir
                   River
                       6  mi

                         km
036
                 N

                 i
                                                          LINTON
 Shading Key
       Interior least tern, Sterna antillarum. Use limitations only apply within the shaded area
       shown on the map 1/2 mile outward from the edge of the Missouri River and Oahe Dam
       Reservoir.
 | '""' j Piping plover, Charadrius  melodus.  Use limitations only apply within the shaded area
 	 shown on the map outward 1/2 mile from the edge of the Missouri River and Oahe Dam
       Reservoir.

-------
                                         Reducing Runoff and Drift

       Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and
       threatened species to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more
       of the applied pesticide on the field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.

       Runoff

       Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these
       methods also reduce pesticide runoff.

       Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate
       the pesticide into the soil.

       Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those
      without such warnings.  When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.

      Keep informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy
      rainfall is expected.

      Drift

      Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly
      pesticides should be applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid applica-
      tion during periods of high winds. Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evapora-
      tion is highest, will further reduce drift.

      When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial
      applications.

      Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher
      spray volumes will also result in less drift.


              For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
(H7506C)
Washington, DC 20460

Official Business
Penalty for Private Use
$300

-------