United States
                  Environmental Protection
                  Agency	
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (H7506C)
                   Protecting   Endangered
                   Species
                   Interim  Measures
                   Rutherford County,  Tennessee
                      The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                      what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                      Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                  Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                  effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                  law at this time, but are being provided now for
                  your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                  threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                  use. We encourage you to use this information.
                  We also welcome your comments.

                   The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                  protect and promote recovery of animals and
                  plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                  to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                  must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                  not result in harm to the species listed as
                  endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                  Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                  species' survival. To accomplish this, the EPA
                  expects to implement program requirements
                  beginning in 1993. This program will protect
                  endangered and threatened species from harm due
                  to pesticide use.
                   EPA requests your comments regarding the
                  information presented in this publication. Please
                 let us know whether the information is clear and
                 correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                 recommended measures would affect you typical
                 pesticide use or productivity. This information
                 will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                 of program development.

                                    Please submit comments to:

                                  Interim Endangered Species
                                Protection Program (H7506C)
                                                U.S. EPA
                                          401 M Street, SW
                                     Washington, DC 20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Printed on paper that contains
at least 50% recycled fiber
           About This Publication

            This publication contains a County Map
           showing the Area within the county where
           pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
           species. These areas are identified on the map by
           a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
           corresponds to a species in need of protection.
            The Shading Key shows the name of the species
           that each shaded pattern represents and describes
           the shaded area. The area may be described in
           terms of Township, Range, and Section or by
           giving details about the habitat of the species.
            The first column of the 'Table of Pesticide
           Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
           which there should be limitations on use to
           protect certain species. The next columns are
           headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
           Codes listed underneath them.
            The Code indicates the specific limitation that
           is necessary to protect the species. The section
           titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the
           code.

           Does This Information Apply to You?

            To determine whether this information applies
           to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
           below. The information applies only if you
           answer "yes" to both questions:
              Do you intend to use pesticides within the
              shaded area on the county map?
              Are an)- of the ingredients listed on the front
              panel of your pesticide product label named
              in the "Table of Pesticide Active
              Ingredients"?
            If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
          should follow the instructions on "How to Use
          This Information" to determine if you should
          limit use of ihe pesticide to help protect listed
          species.
           If you answer "no" to either question, you
          should follow the usage directions on the
          pesticide product label.

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2,4-D
2,4-D (ESTERS, SALTS)
AMMONIUM SULFAMATE
ATRAZINE
DALAPON
DICAMBA
DICHLORPROP (2,4-DP)
DIMETHYLAMINE DICAMBA
HEXAZINONE
MCPA (AMINES)
MCPA (SALTS)
MCPA, ACID
PARAQUAT
PICLORAM
POTASSIUM PICLORAM
SODIUM DICAMBA ~
TEBUTHIURON
.JRIETHYLENE PICLORAM
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
Limitations on Pesticide Use
CODE  LIMITATION
28     Do not apply within 100 yards of species habitat
       for aerial application and within 20 yards of
       species habitat for ground applications.

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RUTHERFORD COUNTY,  TENNESSEE
         Legend
           County Border
             County Seat
           Highway, Road
             Stream
             Lake, Reservoir
                         N
4  mi

   km
                                    J. Percy Priest Lake
                                    (Stones River)
                                           Spring Creek
Shading Key
    (Tennessee purple coneflower, Echinacea tennesseensis (Asteraceae, the aster family). Within the
     shaded area shown on the map, use limitations apply only to cedar glades. Cedar glades are flat or gently
     sloping areas where there is exposed rock (limestone), the soil is rocky (approximately 1/2 rock and 1/2
     soil), there are scattered red cedars and a few small hackberry and elm trees, and the ground cover is
     basically grasses.

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                                        Reducing Runoff and Drift

      Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and
      threatened species to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more
      of the applied pesticide on the field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.

      Runoff
      Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these
      methods also reduce pesticide runoff.
      Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate
      the pesticide into the soil.
      Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground  and surface water than those
      without such warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
      Keep informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy
      rainfall is expected.

      Drift
      Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly,
      pesticides should be applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid applica-
      tion during periods of high winds. Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evapora-
      tion is highest, will further reduce drift.
      When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial
      applications.
      Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher
      spray volumes will also result in less drift.

              For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
United States
Environmental Protection
Agency
(H7S06C)
Washington, DC 20460

OfffcW Business
Penalty for Private Use
$300

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