United States
                            Environmental Protection
                            Agenc
                                                       Pesticides and
                                                       Toxic Substances (7506C)
                            EPA-735-K-94-009
                            August 1994
                                                                               	"   1^^^.^
                            Protecting  Endangered
                            Species
                            Interim Measures
                            Fleming  County, Kentucky
                           effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                           law at this time, but are being provided now for
                           your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                           threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                           use. We encourage you to use this information.
                           We also welcome your comments.

                            The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                          protect and promote recovery of animals and
                          plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                          to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                          must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                          not result in harm to the species listed as
                          endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                          Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                          species' survival. To accomplish this, the EPA
                          expects to implement program requirements
                          beginning in 1994. This program will protect
                          endangered and threatened species from harm due
                          to pesticide use.

                           EPA requests your comments regarding the
                          information presented in this publication. Please
                          let us know whether the information is clear and
                          correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                         recommended measures would affect you typical
                         pesticide use or productivity. This information
                         will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                         of program development.

                                           Please submit comments to:
                                         Interim Endangered Species
                                         Protection Program (7506C)
                                                        U.S. EPA
                                                 401M Street, SW
                                             Washington, DC 20460
  .
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Recycled/Recyclable
Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
contains at least 50% recycled liber
     	f w*v.uuuu V.UIIUUHS a Bounty Map
   showing the Area within the county where
   pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
   species. These areas are identified on the map by
   a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
   corresponds to a species in need of protection.
    The Shading Key shows the name of the species
   that each shaded pattern represents and often
   describes the shaded area. The area may be
   described in terms of Township, Range, and
   Section or by giving details about the habitat of
   the species.

    The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
  Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
  which there should be limitations on use to
  protect certiiin species. The next columns are
  headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
  Codes listed underneath them.
   The Code indicates the specific limitation that
  is necessary to protect the species. The section
  titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the
  code.

  Does This Information Apply to You?

   To determine whether this information applies
  to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
  below. The information applies only if you
 answer "yes" to both questions:

    Do you intend to use pesticides within or
     near the shaded area on the county map?
    Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
    panel of your pesticide product label named
    in the "Table of Pesticide Active
    Ingredients"?
  If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
 should follow the instructions on "How to Use
 This Information" to determine if you should
 limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
 species.

  If you answer "no" to either question, you
should follow the usage directions on the
pesticide product label.

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How To Use This Information
1} On the county map, find the speci
                                     or are close to, the area where you intend to apply pesticides.
                                    '  . i.._ti-__ :.4-.nt;f tho araa involved.
^wsss^-jftsssas^s^^^^sS.^
I SSfe^SSSHSari=aa~.r_
&' Vl!?". .?" V?   H                            . .  _ ,:.t--i ^i,,Q innmHiont in an area with more than oi
                      ^
_  . 	 	 	 	 	
Active Ingredient
AMMONIUM SULFAMATE
ATRAZINE
AZINPHOS-METHYL
BENOMYL
CAPTAN
CARBARYL
CARBOFURAN 	 ______
CHLORPYRIFOS
Alfalfa, Peanuts
Apples
Mosquito Larvictde Use
All Other Uses Except as a Termiticide
CLOPYRALID
DIAZINON
DICAMBA (all forms)
Shading F
 1
Code
2c
1c
1c
2c
1c
43
41
61
2c
2c
'attern
'////A
Code
29
29
29
--
-
29
29
29
                                         Active Ingredient
                                       FLURIDONE
                                       FONOFOS
                                       HEXAZINONE
                                       MALATHION

                                       MCPA (all forms)
                                       METHIDATHION
                                       METHOMYL
                                       METHYL PARATHION

                                       MEVINPHOS
                                       NALED
                                       NITRAPYRIN
                                       PARAQUAT
                                                               Shading Pattern
                                                             [=3
                                                               Code
                                                                   Code
                                                                20
                                                                2c

                                                                2c


                                                                2o
                                                                1c
                                                                1c

                                                                "ic~
                                                                1c
                                                                1c

                                                                2c
                                                                        29
 DICOFOL
PENDIMETHALIN
PERMETHRIN
PHORATE
PHOSMET
PHOSPHAMIDON
2c
1C
1c
1c
1C
	
DIMETHOATE
ENDOSULFAN
ESFENVALERATE
ETHION
ETHOPROP
FENAMIPHOS
                                          PICLORAM (all forms)
                                          PROPICONAZOLE
                                          PYRETHRINS
                                          TEBUTHIURON
                                          TERBUFOS
                                          TRICHLORFON
                                                              1
                                                              2c

                                                              2c
                                                              2c
                                                                        29


                                                                        29
 Limitations On Pesticide Use
   20
                                       ' aler *hln "" shaded "ea for 9round app"cations'
     within 100 yards for aortal applications.                               -mn e|ther , shaded
41
43
                                                                         ' nor
                            yards ,,om ,he edge - water *,n the shaded area for around appca,,ons,

     nor within vi mile for aerial applications.
   61 no not apply this pesticide as a mosquito larvicide w.th.n the shaded area.
           -      ^ ^

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 Fleming County, Kentucky
SHADING KEY
                                                                                   LEGEND
                                                                                       County Border
                                                                                       County Seat
                                                                                       City
                                                                                       U.S., State or
                                                                                         Other Highway
                                                                                       River,  Stream, Creek
                                                                                     N
       matrS?i2f ,=0 r [Fshel1' CypmgaiUa stegaria (=irrorata)\. Within the shaded area shown on the
       S'ofRou ^7 nn ,  lat'0n| apP'y n a,nd a'ng the stream' The "PStream protection zone is VfemHe
       east of Route 57 on L.ck.ng River, as well as Vfe mile up all tributaries that join the shaded area.

                                                  , the aster family). Within the shaded area shown on
       eroded areas- in the edges of d	' klv"' areas> includin9 cedar 9'des and thickets; in open
                     cind mr*lt Ior4nj^ r*\r\r\^9 K!^l-k...n. .A                                '        V4O UHWllC?O,

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                                    Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
merf possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.

Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods ofhigh winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.
         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
 &EPA
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Agency
      (7506C)
      Washington, DC 20460

      Official Business
      Penalty (or Private Use
      $300

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