United States
                Environmental Protection
                Agency
Pesticides and   ,_,_.
Toxic Substances (7506C)
EPA-735-K-94-013
August 1994
                Protecting  Endangered
                Species
                Interim Measures
                Jackson  County, Kentucky
                     The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                     what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                     Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                 Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                 effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                 law at this time, but are being provided now for
                 your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                 threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                 use. We encourage you to use this information.
                 We also welcome your comments.

                   The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                 protect and promote recovery of animals and
                 plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                 to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                 must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                 not result in harm to the species listed as
                 endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                 Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                  species' survival. To accomplish this,  the EPA
                  expects to implement program requirements
                  beginning in 1994. This program will  protect
                  endangered and threatened species from harm due
                  to pesticide use.
                    EPA requests your comments regarding the
                  information presented in this publication. Please
                  let us know whether the information is clear and
                  correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                   recommended measures would affect you typical
                   pesticide use or productivity. This information
                   will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                   of program development.

                                     Please submit comments to:
                                    Interim Endangered Species
                                    Protection Program (7506C)
                                                   U.S. EPA
                                             401 M Street, SVV
                                        Washington, DC 20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
contains at least 50% recycled liber
             About This Publication

              This publication contains a County Map
             showing the Area within the county where
             pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
             species. These areas are identified on the map by
             a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
             corresponds to a species in need of protection.
              The Shading Key shows the name of the species
             that each shaded pattern represents and often
             describes the shaded area. The area may be
             described in terms of Township, Range, and
             Section or by giving details about the habitat of
             the speciesi.
               The first column of the 'Table of Pesticide
              Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
              which mere should be limitations on use to
              protect certain species. The next columns are
              headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
              Codes listed underneath them.
                The Code indicates the specific limitation that
              is necessary to protect the species. The section
              titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the
              code.
              Does This Information Apply to You?

                To determine whether this information applies
               to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
               below. The information applies only if you
               answer "yes" to both questions:
               .   Do vou intend to use pesticides wilhin or
                   near the shaded area on the county map?
                   Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
                   panel of your pesticide product label named
                   in the 'Table of Pesticide Active
                   Ingredients"?
                 If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
                should follow the instructions on "How to Use
                This Information" to determine if you should
                limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
                species.
                  If you answer "no" to either question, you
                should follow the usage directions on the
                pesticide product label.

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   How To Use This Informat
                              on
                                                                      es described under "Limitations on






   Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients

   Active Ingredient

                                  Shading Pattern
 AZINPHOS-METHYL
 BENOMYL
 CAPTAN
 CARBARYL
 CARBOFURAN

 CHLORPYRIFOS
 Alfalfa, Peanuts
 AppJos
 Mosquito Lajvicide Use
 Alt Olfor Uses Except as a Termiticicfe
 D1A2INON
 DICOFOL
 DIMETHOATE
 ENDOSULFAN
 ESFENVALERATE
 ETHION
 ETHOPROP
FENAMIPHOS
FLURIDONE
                                        Code

                                         ~2c~
                                          1c
                                          1c
                                          2c
                                          1c
                                         43
                                         41
                                         61
                                         2c

                                        "ic~
                                         2c
                                         2c
                                         2c
                                         Ic

                                         2c
                                         1c
                                         2c
                                        20
                                                      Active Ingredient
 FONOFOS
 MALATHION
 METHIDATHION
 METHOMYL
 METHYL PARATHION
 MEVINPHOS
 NALED
 NITRAPYRIN
 PARATHION (ethyl)
 PENDIMETHALIN

 PERMETHRIN
 PHORATE
 PHOSMET
 PHOSPHAMIDON
 PROPICONAZOLE
 PYRETHRINS
TERBUFOS
TRICHLORFON
                                                                                           Shading Pattern
                                                                                            Code

                                                                                             ic
                                                                                             2c
                                                                                             2c
                                                                                             1C
                                                                                             1c
                                                                                             1c
                                                                                             Ic
                                                                                             2c
                                                                                             2c

                                                                                             Ic
                                                                                             1c
                                                                                             1c
                                                                                             Ic
                                                                                             1

                                                                                            2c
                                                                                            2c
                                                                                            2c
 Limitations On Pesticide Use

not apply ,hfe pesucide wl.l,inoo
                                                                              -a ,or ground appncaMon,

                                                                             o, wa,er
                                                                                                 do
 41
.61 Do not apply this pestiolde as a mosquito larvlclde within the shaHart
                                                * -  "*   area ,or 8rouM appltea,lons

                                                                                   * 9'ound appto-
                                                                 area.

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 Jackson County, Kentucky
                                                                               LEGEND
                                                                                   County Border
                                                                                   County Seat
                                                                                   City

                                                                                   State  Highway

                                                                                   River,  Stream, Creek
                                   Middle Fork
                                   Rockcastle
                                   River
           Rockcastle
                River
                   South Fork
                   Rockcastle
                        River
SHADING KEY
       Freshwater mollusks [One or more of the following: Cumberland bean pearly mussel  Villosa

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                                     Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.

mere possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff .
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.

Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind directionis away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.
         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
 xvEPA
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Agency
      (7506C)
      Washington, DC  20460
       Official Business
       Penalty for Private Use
       $300

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