United States
                   Environmental Protection
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (7506C)
August 1994
                   Protecting  Endangered
                   Interim  Measures
                   Laurel County, Kentucky
                       The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                       what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                       Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                   Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                   effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                   law at this time, but are being provided now for
                   your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                   threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                   use. We encourage you to use this information.
                   We also welcome your comments.

                    The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                   protect and promote recovery of animals and
                   plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                   to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                   must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                   not result in harm to the species listed as
                   endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                   Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                   species' survival. To accomplish this, the EPA
                   expects to implement program requirements
                   beginning in 1994. This program will protect
                   endangered and threatened species from harm due
                   to pesticide use.
                     EPA requests your comments regarding the
                   information presented in this publication. Please
                   let us know whether the information is clear and
                   correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                   recommended measures would affect you typical
                   pesticide use or productivity. This information
                   will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                   of program development.

                                      Please submit comments to:
                                     Interim Endangered Species
                                     Protection Program (7506C)
                                                   U.S. EPA
                                             401M Street, SW
                                        Washington, DC 20460
Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
contains at least 50% recycled fiber
            About This Publication

             This publication contains a County Map
            showing the Area within the county where
            pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
            species. Ttusse areas are identified on the map by
            a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
            corresponds! to a species in need of protection.
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
            that each shaded pattern represents and often
            describes the shaded area. The area may be
            described in terms of Township, Range, and
            Section or by giving details about the habitat of
            the species.
             The first column of the 'Table of Pesticide
            Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
            which there should be limitations on use to
            protect certain species. The next columns are
            headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
            Codes listed underneath them.
              The Code indicates the specific limitation that
            is necessary to protect the species. The section
            titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the

            Does This Information Apply to You?

              To determine whether this information applies
            to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
            below. The information applies only if you
            answer "yes" to both questions:
                Do you intend to use pesticides within or
                near the shaded area on the county map?
             •   Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
                panel of your pesticide product label named
                in the "Table of Pesticide Active
              If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
             should follow the instructions on "How to Use
             This Information" to determine if you should
             limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
              If you answer "no" to either question, you
             should follow the usage directions on the
             pesticide product label.

Laurel County, Kentucky
           —  County Border
                County Seat
                Interstate, Forest, State or
                 Other Highway
                River,  Stream, Creek
                Lake, Reservoir

 Limitations On Pesticide Use

                                                  edge °f water wfthin 
How To Use This Information
1) On the county map, find the specific shading patterns that cover, or are close to, the area where you will apply pesticides.
2) Read the descriptor in the Shading Key for those patterns; this may further identify the area involved.
3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the active ingredients in the pesiticide you intend to apply.
4) Locate the codes to the right of the active ingredient name and under the shading patterns that apply to you.
5) When using the pesticide, you should follow the limitations indicated for those codes described under "Limitations on Pesticide
6) If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with more than one
   shaded pattern (species), multiple codes may apply. If so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.
7)  Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift on the back of this pamphlet.
                                                Reducing Runoff and Drift
 By using pesticides carefully, you can diminish harm to the environment, reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species to
 PCsUcidls^dTmorTBy using pesticide runoff and drift reduction measures such as those outlined below, you can keep more of the
 pesticide you apply on the field and lower your pesticide costs.
 To Reduce Runoff
 Where possible, use methods that reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing. These methods also reduce pesticide
 Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrowing. These techniques incorporate the pesticide into the
 When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label. Pesticides with such labels indicate a likelihood
 for the pesticide to enter ground or surface water.
 Keep informed about changing weather conditions.  Try to avoid applying pesticides when heavy rainfall is expected.

 To Reduce Drift
 Wind direction, wind speed and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift.  Most importantly apply pesticides when the wind
| S^bawayfromlreas of concern. Try to avoid applications during high winds. Also avoid applications dunng  the hottest part
 of the day, when evaporation is highest.
 When high winds and excessive evaporation are not factors, use a drift retardant for aerial applications.
 Use the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage. Typically, higher spray volumes will also result in less drift.
                          To Protect Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions

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                                        bean pearly mussel, Villosa (=Micromya) trabalisj. Within the
                                    . i, pesticide use imitations aoolv on and aionn thr
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