United States
                    Environmental Protection
                    Agency	
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (7506C)
EPA-735-K-94-023
August 1994
                     Protecting  Endangered
                     Species
                     Interim  Measures
                     Nicholas County, Kentucky
                        The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                        what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                        Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                    Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                    effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                    law at this time, but are being provided now for
                    your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                    threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                    use. We encourage you to use this information.
                    We also welcome your comments.

                     The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                    protect and promote recovery of animals and
                    plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                    to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                    must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                    not result in harm to the species listed as
                    endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                    Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                    species' survival. To accomplish this, the EPA
                    expects to implement program requirements
                    beginning in 1994. This program will protect
                    endangered and threatened species from harm due
                    to pesticide use.
                     EPA requests your comments regarding the
                    information presented in this publication. Please
                    let us know whether the information is clear and
                    correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                    recommended measures would affect you typical
                    pesticide use or productivity. This information
                    will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                    of program development.

                                      Please submit comments to:
                                     Interim Endangered Species
                                     Protection Program (7506C)
                                                   U.S. EPA
                                             401M Street, SW
                                        Washington, DC 20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
contains at least 50% recycled fiber
           About This Publication

             This publication contains a County Map
           showing the Area within the county where
           pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
           species. These areas are identified on the map by
           a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
           corresponds to a species in need of protection.
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
           that each shaded pattern represents and often
           describes the shaded area. The area may be
           described in terms of Township, Range, and
           Section or by giving details about the habitat of
           the species.
             The first column of the 'Table of Pesticide
           Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
           which there should be limitations on use to
           protect certain species. The next columns are
           headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
           Codes listed underneath them.
             The Code indicates the specific limitation that
           is necessary to protect the species. The section
           titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the
           code.

           Does This Information Apply to You?

             To determine whether this information applies
           to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
           below. The information applies only if you
           answer "yes" to both questions:
               Do you intend to use pesticides within or
               near the shaded area on the county map?
              Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
               panel of your pesticide product label named
               in the 'Table of Pesticide Active
               Ingredients"?
             If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
           should follow the instructions on "How to Use
           This Information" to determine if you should
           limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
           species.
             If you answer "no" to either question, you
           should follow the usage directions on the
           pesticide product label.

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How To Use This Information
1) On the county map, find the specific shading patterns that cover, or are close to, the area where you intend to apply pesticides.
2) Read the descriptor in the Shading Key for those patterns; this may further identify the area involved.
3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the active ingredients in the pesiticide you intend to apply.
4) Locate the codes to the right of the active ingredient name and under the shading patterns that apply to you.
5) When using the pesticide, you should follow the limitations indicated for those codes described under "Limitations on Pes-
   ticide Use."
6) If ypu are applying more than one listed active ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with more than one
   shaded pattern (species), multiple codes may apply. If so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.
7) Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift on the back of this pamphlet.


Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern
c

2,4-D (all forms)
AMMONIUM SULFAMATE
ATRAZINE
AZINPHOS-METHYL
BENOMYL
CAPTAN
CARBARYL
CARBOFURAN
CHLORPYRIFOS
Alfalfa, Peanuts
Apples
Mosquito Larvicide Use
All Other Uses Except as a Termiticide
CLOPYRALID
DIAZINON
DICAMBA (all forms)
DICHLORPROP (2,4-DP)
DICOFOL
DIMETHOATE
ENDOSULFAN
ESFENVALERATE
ETHION
ETHOPROP
FENAMIPHOS
I
Code
2c
1C
1c
2c
1c
43
41
61
2c
2c
2c
2c
2c
1c
2c
1c
2c
V////A
Code
29
29
29
--
--
29
29
29
--

FLURIDONE
FONOFOS
HEXAZINONE
MALATHION
MCPA (all forms)
METHIDATHION
METHOMYL
METHYL PARATHION
MEVINPHOS
NALED
NITRAPYRIN
PARAQUAT
PARATHION (ethyl)
PENDIMETHALIN
PERMETHRIN
PHORATE
PHOSMET
PHOSPHAMIDON
PICLORAM (all forms)
PROPICONAZOLE
PYRETHRINS
TEBUTHIURON
TERBUFOS
TRICHLORFON
I I
Code
20
2c
2c
2c
1c
1c
2c
1c
1c
2c
2c
1c
1c
1c
1c
1
2c
2c
2c
Y////A
Code
29
29
29
--
29
29
Limitations On Pesticide Use
Codes/Limitations
   1 Dp not apply this pesticide within 20 yards from the edge of water within the shaded area for ground applications, nor
     within 100 yards for aerial applications.
  1c For ground applications, do not apply this pesticide within 20 yards from the edge of water within either the shaded
     area or the upstream protection zone (described under the Shading Key).  For aerial applications, do not apply
     this pesticide within 100 yards from the edge of water within the areas described above.
  2c For ground applications, do not apply this pesticide within 40 yards from the edge of water within either the shaded
     area or the upstream protection zone (described under the Shading Key).  For aerial applications, do not apply
     this pesticide within 200 yards from the edge of water within the areas described above.
  20 Do not apply directly to water within the shaded area.
  29 Do not apply this pesticide in the species habitat (described under the Shading Key).  In addition, for ground applica-
     tions do not apply within  20 yards of the habitat, nor within 100  yards for aerial applications.
  41 Dp not apply this pesticide within 1/4 mile from  the edge of water within the shaded area for ground applications, nor
     within Vfe mile for aerial applications.
  43 Do not apply this pesticide within 100 yards from the edge of water within  the shaded area for ground applications,
     nor within 1/4 mile for aerial applications.
  61 Do not apply this pesticide as a mosquito larvicide within the shaded area.

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Nicholas County, Kentucky
                                                          East Branch Sugar Creek

                                                              D.  Elrich Lane

                                                                    Scott Road
                                                 X
                                                Stony
                                                Creek /    Blue  Licks
                                                           Spring Road
              LEGEND
                   County Border
                   County Seat
                   City
                   U.S., State or
                    Other Highway
                   Pipeline (abpve
                    or below ground)
                   River, Stream, Creek
3 km
SHADING  KEY
       Freshwater mollusks [Fanshell, Cyprogenia stegaria (=irrorata)J. Within the shaded area shown on the
       map, pesticide use limitations apply on and along the stream. The upstream protection zone is Vfe mile
       east of Route 57 on Licking River, as well as tfc mile up all tributaries that join the shaded area.

       Short's goldenrod, Solidago shortii (Asteraceae, the aster family). Within the shaded area shown on
       the map, the species habitat is found in dry, open areas including cedar glades and thickets; in open
       eroded areas; in the edges of dry, open, oak-hickory woods, pastures, and old fields; in roadside
       ditches; and in road cuts and rock ledges along highways.

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                                    Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Runoff
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff .
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.
Drift
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.

         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
&EPA
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Agency
      (7506C)
      Washington, DC 20460
     Official Business
     Penalty for Private Use
     $300

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