United States        ;
                     Environmental Protection
                     Agency	
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (7506C)
EPA-735-K-94-025
August 1994
                     Protecting  Endangered
                     Species
                     Interim  Measures
                     Pulaski County,  Kentucky
                         The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                         what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                         Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                    Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                    effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                    law at this time, but are being provided now for
                    your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                    threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                    use. We encourage you to use this information.
                    We also welcome your comments.            '"

                      The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                    protect and promote recovery of animals and
                    plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                    to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                    must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                    not result in harm to the species listed as
                    endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                    Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                    species' survival. To accomplish this, the EPA
                    expects to implement program requirements
                    beginning in 1994. This program will protect
                    endangered and threatened species from harm due
                    to pesticide use.
                      EPA requests your comments regarding the
                    information presented in this publication. Please
                    let us know whether the information is clear and
                    correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                    recommended measures would affect you typical
                    pesticide use or productivity. This information
                    will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                    of program development.

                                      Please submit comments to:
                                     Interim Endangered Species
                                     Protection Program (7506C)
                                                    U.S. EPA
                                             401M Street, SW
                                         Washington, DC 20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
contains at least 50% recycled liber
           About This Publication

             This publication contains a County Map
           showing the Area within the county where
           pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
           species. Th<;se areas are identified on the map by
           a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
           corresponds to a species in need of protection.
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
          . that each shaded pattern represents and often
           describes the shaded area. The area may be
           described in terms of Township, Range,  and
           Section or by giving details about the habitat of
           the species.
             The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
           Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
           which there should be limitations on use to
           protect certain species. The next columns are
           headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
           Codes listed underneath them.
             The Code indicates the specific limitation that
           is necessary to protect the species. The section
           titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the
           code.

           Does This Information Apply to You?

             To determine whether this information applies
           to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
           below. The information applies only if you
           answer "yes" to both questions:
               Do you intend to use pesticides within or
               near the shaded area on the county map?
               Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
               panel of your pesticide product label named
               in the "Table of Pesticide Active
               Ingredients"?
             If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
           should follow the instructions on "How to Use
           This Information" to determine if you should
           limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
           species.
             If you answer "no" to either question, you
           should follow the usage directions on the
           pesticide product label.

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Pulaski County, Kentucky
                                                                           LEGEND
                                                                             County Border
                                                                               County Seat
                                                                               City
                                                                               State Highway
                                                                               Forest Service Road
                                                                               River, Stream, Creek
                                                                               Church
                                                                                               1 mi

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 How To Use This Information
 1) On the county map, find the specific shading patterns that cover, or are close to, the area where you will apply pesticides.
 2) Read the descriptor in the Shading Key for those patterns; this may further identify the area involved.
 3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the active ingredients in the pesiticide you intend to apply.
 4) Locate the codes to the right of the active ingredient name and under the shading patterns that apply to you.
 5) When using the pesticide, you should follow the limitations indicated for those codes described under "Limitations on Pesticide
    Use."
 6) If you are applying more  than one listed active ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with more than one
    shaded pattern (species), multiple codes may apply. If so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.
 7) Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift on the back of this pamphlet.
                                               Reducing Runoff and Drift
 By using pesticides carefully, you can diminish harm to the environment, reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species to
 pesticides - and more.  By using pesticide runoff and drift reduction measures such as those outlined below, you can keep more of the
 pesticide you apply on the field and lower your pesticide costs.
 To Reduce Runoff1
 Where possible, use methods that reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing. These methods also reduce pesticide
 runoff.
 Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrowing. These techniques incorporate the pesticide into the
soil.
When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label. Pesticides with such labels indicate a likelihood
for the pesticide to enter ground or surface water.
Keep informed about changing weather conditions. Try to avoid applying pesticides when heavy rainfall is expected.
To Reduce Drift
Wind direction, wind speed and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, apply pesticides when the wind
direction is away from areas of concern. Try to avoid applications during high winds. Also avoid applications during the hottest part
of the day, when evaporation is highest.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not factors, use a drift retardant for aerial applications.
Use the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage. Typically, higher spray volumes will also result in less drift.
                        To Protect Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions

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Limitations On Pesticide Use
Codes/Limitations
   1  Do not apply this pesticide within 20 yards from the edge of water within the shaded area for ground applica-
     tions, nor within 100 yards for aerial applications.
  1c For ground applications, do not apply this pesticide within 20 yards from the edge of water within either the
     shaded area or the upstream protection zone (described under the Shading Key).  For aerial applications,
     do not apply this pesticide within 100 yards from the edge of water within the areas described above.
   2 Do not apply this pesticide within 40 yards from the edge of water within the shaded area for ground applica-
     tions, nor within 200 yards for aerial applications.
  2c For ground applications, do not apply this pesticide within 40 yards from the edge of water within either the
     shaded area or the upstream protection zone (described under the Shading Key).  For aerial applications,
     do not apply this pesticide within 200 yards from the edge of water within the areas described above.

   3 Do not apply this pesticide within 100 yards from the edge of water within the shaded area for ground applica-
     tions, nor within 1/4 mile for aerial applications.
  10 Do not apply directly to water within the shaded area.  In addition, do not apply directly to water within 1 mile
     upstream from the shaded area.

  20 Do not apply directly to water within the shaded area.
  41 Do not apply this pesticide within 1/4 mile from the edge of water within the shaded area for ground applica-
     tions, nor within Vfc mile for aerial applications.
  43 Do not apply this pesticide within 100 yards from the edge of water within the shaded area for ground applica-
     tions, nor within 1/4 mile for aerial applications.
  61 Do not apply this pesticide as a mosquito larvicide within the shaded area.
 297 For ground applications, do not apply this pesticide above the threshold application rate (TAR) indicated within
     40 yards from the edge of water within either the shaded area or the upstream protection zone (described
     under the Shading key).  For aerial applications, do not apply within 200 yards from the edge of water
     within the areas described above.
 399 Do not apply this pesticide above the threshold application rate (TAR) indicated within 100 yards from the edge
     of water within the shaded area for ground applications, nor within V4 mile for aerial applications.

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SHADING KEY
       Blackside dace (fish), Phoxinus cumberlandensis. Within the shaded area shown on the map, pesticide
       use limitations apply on and along the stream. The upstream protection zone is V* mile up all tributaries
       tnat join the shaded area.

       Freshwater mollusks [Cumberland bean pearly mussel,  Villosa (=Micromya) trabalis]. Within the
       shaded areas shown on the map, pesticide use limitations apply on and along the streams The
       upstream protection zone is te mile up all tributaries that join the shaded areas
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient


ALDICARB
ATRAZINE (granular)
ATRAZINE (non-granular)
AZINPHOS-METHYL
BENOMYL
BENSULIDE (granular)
BENSULIDE (non-granular)
PADTAM
CARBARYL
CARBOFURAN
CHLOROTHALONIL (granular)
CHLOROTHALONIL (non-granular)
Shading
i * **** +|
Code TAR*
3 -
3 -
399 1.5
2c -
3 -
3 -
399 4
3
2c -
3 -
3 -
399 2.8
CHLORPYRIFOS
Alfalfa, Peanuts 43 ..
Apples 41 ..
Mosquito Larvicide Use 61
All Other Uses Except as a Termiticide 3 -
COPPER SULFATE, BASIC 3 -
CYPERMETHRIN
Cabbage and Lettuce
ncc
Utr
DIAZINON
DICOFOL
DICROTOPHOS
DIFLUBENZURON
DIMETHOATE
DISULFOTON
ENDOSULFAN
ESFENVALERATE
ETHION
ETHOPROP
FENAMIPHOS
FLURIDONE
FONOFOS
ISOFENPHOS (granular)
ISOFENPHOS (non-granular)
2 ~
2c -
2c,10 --
399 1
2c -
3 ~
3 --
3 -
3
3 --
3 --
2c -
3 -
2c --
20 -
3 -
3 -
399 0.5
Pattern
I r I
Code
2c
1C
.1.
1c
2c
1c

43
41
61
2c


2c
2c
2c
2c
1c
2o
2c
20
2c
Active Ingredient
t

MALATHION
MANCOZEB ;!
METHIDATHION
METHOMYL (granular)
METHOMYL (non-granulsir)
METHYL PARATHION
Mosquito Larvicide Use
All Other Uses
MEVINPHOS
NALED
Mosquito Larvicide Use
All Other Uses I
NITRAPYRIN
OXAMYL (granular)
OXAMYL (non-granular)
OXYDEMETON-METHYL
OXYFLUORFEN
PARATHION (ethyl)
PENDIMETHAUN
PERMETHRIN
PHORATE
PHOSMET
PHOSPHAMIDON
PROFENOFOS
PROPACHLOR (granular)
PROPACHLOR (non-granular)
PROPARGITE
PROPICONAZOLE
PYRETHRINS ;
SULPROFOS
TERBUFOS
THIODICARB
THIOPHANATE-METHYL
TRICHLORFON
TRIFLURALIN (granular)
TRIFLURALJN (non-granular)
Shading Pattern
mm [
Code TAR*
2c,10 -
399 1.25
2c -
399 0.6
3 -
61 -
3 -
2c -
61 -
3 -
3
3 -
399 1.25
3 -
3 ~
2c -
3 --
297 0.04
2c
2c
399 4
2c -
3 --
399 0.4
399 1.5
2C.10 -
3 -
3 -
399 7
3 -
2c -
3 -
399 0.5
I
Code
2c
2c
1c
1c
1c
1c
2c
1c
1c
1c
2c
2c
1c

1c
1c
-
1
2c
2c
2c
TAR = Threshold Application Rate (Pounds of active ingredient per acre per application) 	

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