United States
                     Environmental Protection
                     Agency	
                                                         Pesticides and         :
                                                         Toxic Substances (75060)
                        EPA-735-K-94-030
                        August 1994
                     Protecting  Endangered
                     Species
                     Interim  Measures
                     Whitley County, Kentucky      j
                         The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                         what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                         Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                    Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                    effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                    law at this time, but are being provided now for
                    your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                    threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                    use. We encourage you to use this information.
                    We also welcome your comments.

                      The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                    protect and promote recovery of animals and
                    plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                    to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                    must ensure that use of'pesticides it registers will
                    not result in harm to the species listed as
                    endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                    Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                    species' survival. To accomplish this, the EPA
                    expects to implement program requirements
                    beginning in 1994. This program will protect
                    endangered and threatened species from harm due
                    to pesticide use.
                      EPA requests your comments regarding the
                    information presented in this publication. Please
                    let us know whether the information is clear and
                    correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                    recommended measures would affect you typical
                    pesticide use or productivity. This information
                    will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                    of program development.

                                       Please submit comments to:
                                     Interim Endangered Species
                                     Protection Program (7506C)
                                                    U.S. EPA
                                             401M Street, SW
                                         Washington, DC 20460
    .
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About This Publication

  This publication contains a County Map
showing tide Area within the county where
pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
species. These areas are identified on the map by
a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
corresponds tp.a species in need of protection.
  The Shading Key shows the name of the species
that each shaded pattern represents and often
describes the shaded area. The area may be
described in terms of Township, Range, and
Section or by giving details about the habitat of
the species.
  The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
which there should be limitations on use to
protect certain species. The next columns are
headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
Codes list<;d underneath them.
  The Code indicates the specific limitation that
is necessaiy to protect the species. The section
titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the
code.

Does This Information Apply to You?

  To determine whether this information applies
to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
below. The information applies only if you
answer "yes" to both questions:
    Do you intend to use pesticides within or
    near the shaded area on the county map?
    Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
    panel of your pesticide product label named
    in the "Table of Pesticide Active
    Ingredients"?
  If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
should follow the instructions on "How to Use
This Information" to determine if you should
limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
species.
  If you answer "no" to either question, you
should follow the usage directions on the
pesticide product label.

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Whitley County, Kentucky
                LEGEND
                  County Border
                    County Seat
                    City
        QQfei)   interstate, U.S., State
        l64n*A'*;     or Other Highway
                    Church
                    Landmark
                    River, Stream, Creek
  Archers
   Creek

    Cane
   Creek
Cumberland
      River
 Bucks Branch
         Capuchin Creek

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How To Use This Information
1) On the county map, find the specific shading patterns that cover, or are close to, the area where you will apply pesticides.
2) Read the descriptor in the Shading Key for those patterns; this may further identify the area involved.
3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the active ingredients in the pesiticide you intend to apply.
4) Locate the codes to the right of the active ingredient name and under the shading patterns that apply to you.
5) When using the pesticide, you should follow the limitations indicated for those codes described under "Limitations on Pesticide
   Use."
                                                                                    i
6) If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with more than one
   shaded pattern (species), multiple codes may apply. If so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.
7) Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift on the back of this pamphlet.
                                               Reducing Runoff and Drift
By using pesticides carefully, you can diminish harm to the environment, reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species to
pesticides -- and more. By using pesticide runoff and drift reduction measures such as those outlined below, you can keep more of the
pesticide you apply on the field and lower your pesticide costs.
To Reduce Runoff
Where possible, use methods that reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing. These methods also reduce pesticide
runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrowing.  These techniques incorporate the pesticide into the
soil.
When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label. Pesticides with such labels indicate a likelihood
for the pesticide to enter ground or surface water.
Keep informed about changing weather conditions.  Try to avoid applying pesticides when heavy rainfall is expected.
To Reduce Drift
Wind direction, wind speed and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, apply pesticides when the wind
direction is away from areas of concern. Try to avoid applications during high winds. Also avoid applications during the hottest part
of the day, when evaporation is highest.                                                 :
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not factors, use a drift retardant for aerial applications.
Use the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage.  Typically, higher spray volumes will also result in less drift.
                         To Protect Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions

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Limitations on Pesticide Use
Codes/Limitations
  2  Do not apply this pesticide within 40 yards from the edge of water within the shaded area for ground
     applications, nor within 200 yards for aerial applications.
 2c  For ground applications, do not apply this  pesticide within 40 yards from the edge of water within
     either the shaded area or the upstream protection zone (described  under the Shading Key). For
     aerial applications, do not apply this pesiticide within  200 yards from the  edge of water within
     the areas described above.
  3  Do not apply this pesticide within 100 yards from  the edge of water within the shaded area for
     ground applications, nor within 14 mile for aerial applications.
 10  Do not apply directly to water within the shaded  area.  In addition, do not apply directly to water
     within 1 mile upstream from the shaded area.
 20  Do not apply directly to water within the shaded  area.
 41  Do not apply this pesticide within 1/4 mile from the edge of water within the shaded area for ground
     applications, nor within V mile for aerial applications.
 43  Do not apply this pesticide within 100 yards from  the edge of water within the shaded area for
     ground applications, nor within t/4 mile for aerial applications.
 61  Do not apply this pesticide as a mosquito larvicide within the shaded area.
297  For ground applications, do not apply this  pesticide above the threshold application rate (TAR)
     indicated within 40  yards from the edge of water within either the shaded area or the upstream
     protection zone (described under the Shading key).  For aerial applications, do not apply within
     200 yards from the  edge of water within the areas described above.
399  Do not apply this pesticide above the threshold application rate (TAR) indicated within 100 yards  from
     the edge of water within the shaded area for ground applications, nor within 1/4 mile for aerial
     applications.

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SHADING KEY
        Blackside dace (fish), Phoxinus cumberlandensis. Within the shaded areas shown on the map,
        pesticide use limitations apply on and along the streams. The upstream protection zone is Vz mile
        up from the shaded areas on North and South Fork, Little Dog Slaughter Creek and Hogbed Creek
        as well as Vfc mile up all tributaries that join the shaded areas.
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading
Pattern
Active Ingredient
Shading
I

ALDICARB
ATRAZINE (granular)
ATRAZINE (non-granular)
AZINPHOS-METHYL
BENOMYL
BENSULIDE (granular)
BENSULIDE (non-granular)
CAPTAN
CARBARYL
CARBOFURAN
CHLOROTHALONIL (granular)
CHLOROTHALONIL (non-granular)
CHLORPYRIFOS
Alfalfa, Peanuts
Apples
Mosquito Larvicide Use
All Other Uses Except as a Termiticide
COPPER SULFATE, BASIC
CYPERMETHRIN
Cabbage and Lettuce
DEF
DIAZINON
DICOFOL
DICROTOPHOS
DIFLUBENZURON
DIMETHOATE
DISULFOTON
DIURON
ENDOSULFAN
ESFENVALERATE
ETHION
ETHOPROP
FENAMIPHOS
FLURIDONE
FONOFOS
ISOFENPHOS (granular)
ISOFENPHOS (non-granular)
Code
3
3
399
2c
3
3
399
3
2c
3
3
399
43
41
61
3
3
2
2c
20,10
399
2c
3
3
3
3
3
3
2c
3
2c
20
3
3
399
TAR*
1.5
4
2.8
..
--
1
-
0.5

MALATHION
MANCOZEB
METHIDATHION :
METHOMYL (granular)
METHOMYL (non-granular)
METHYL PARATHION
Mosquito Larvicide Use
All Other Uses
MEVINPHOS i
NALED
Mosquito Larvicide Use
All Other Uses
NITRAPYRIN I
OXAMYL (granular)
OXAMYL (non-granular)
OXYDEMETON-METHYL
OXYFLUORFEN
PARATHION (ethyl)
PENDIMETHALIN
PERMETHRIN
PHORATE
PHOSMET
PHOSPHAMIDON
PROFENOFOS
PROPACHLOR (granular)
PROPACHLOR (non-granular)
PROPARGITE :
PYRETHRINS
SULPROFOS
TERBUFOS
THIODICARB
THIOPHANATE-METHYL
TRICHLORFON
TRIFLURALIN (granular)
TRIFLURALIN (non-granular)
Code
2C.10
399
2c
399
3
61
3
2c
61
3
3
3
399
3
3
2c
3
297
2c
2c
399
2c
3
399
399
2c,10
3
3
399
3
2c
3
399
Pattern
*l
TAR*
1.25
0.6
-
1.25
0.04
4
0.4
1.5
7
0.5
* TAR = Threshold Application Rate (Pounds of active ingredient per acre per application)

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