United States
                            Environmental Protection
                            Agency	
                                Pesticides and
                                Toxic Substances (7506C)
                         EPA-735-K-94-039
                         August 1994
SLi
    sK,
                            Protecting  Endangered
                            Species
                            Interim Measures
                                                                              l
                            Jackson  County, Alabama
     The information in this pamphlet is similar to
     what the U.S. Environmental Protection
     Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
 Endangered Species Protection Program is in
 effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
 law at this time, but are being provided now for
 your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
 threatened species from harm due to pesticide
 use. We encourage you to use this information.
 We also welcome your comments.

  The Endangered Species Act is intended to
 protect and promote recovery of animals and
 plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
 to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
 must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
 not result in harm to the species listed as
 endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
 Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
 species' survival. To accomplish this, the EPA
 expects to implement program requirements
 beginning in 1994. This program will protect
 endangered and threatened species from harm due
 to pesticide use.
  EPA requests your comments regarding the
 information presented in this publication. Please
 let us know whether the information is clear and
correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
recommended measures would affect you typical
pesticide use or productivity. This information
will be considered by EPA during the final stages
of program development.

                  Please submit comments to:
                                           Interim Endangered Species
                                           Protection Program (7506C)
                                                          U.S. EPA
                                                   401M Street, SW
                                               Washington, DC 20460
      Recycled/Recyclable
      Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
      contains at least 50% recycled liber
 About This Publication

   This publication contains a County Map
 showing the Area within the county where
 pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
 species. These areas are identified on the map by
 a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
 corresponds to a species in need of protection.
   The Shadling Key shows the name of the species
 that each shaded pattern represents and often
 describes the shaded area. The area may be
 described in terms of Township, Range, and
 Section or by giving details about the habitat of
 the species,.
  The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
 Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
 which there should be limitations on use to
 protect certain species. The next columns are
 headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
 Codes listed underneath them.
  The Code indicates the specific limitation that
 is necessary to protect the species. The section
 titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the
 code.

 Does This Information Apply to You?

  To determine whether this information applies
 to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
 below. The information applies only if you
 answer "yes" to both questions:
    Do you intend to use pesticides within or
    near the shaded area on the county map?
    Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
    panel of your pesticide product label named
    in the 'Table of Pesticide Active
    Ingredients"?
  If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
 should follow the instructions on "How to Use
 This Information" to determine if you should
 limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
 species.
  If you answer "no" to either question, you
 should follow the usage directions on the
pesticide product label.

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Jackson County, Alabama
                               ,Estill Fork
         PAINT ROCK


             WOODV1LLE
                                                                                 LEGEND
                                                                                     County Border
                                                                                     County Seat
                                                                                     City
                                                                                     U.S., State or
                                                                                       Other Highway
                                                                                     River, Stream, Creek
 SHADING KEY

          Alabama cave shrimp, Palaemonias alabamae.  Pesticide use limitations only apply within the
          shaded area shown on the map.
        J
         Freshwater mollusks [Alabama lamp pearly mussel, Lampsilis virescens. Fine-rayed pigtoe
         Fusconaia cuneolus. Pale lilliput pearly mussel, Toxolasma (=Carunculina) cylindrellus. Pink
         mucket pearly mussel, Lampsilis abrupta. Shiny pigtoe, Fusconaia edgariana]. Witm the shaded
         area shown on the map, pesticide use limitations apply on and along the rivers and streams.  The
         upstream protection zone is t mile up all tributaries that join the shaded area.

V////A Green pitcher-plant, Sarracenia oreophila (Sarraceniaceae, the pitcher-plant family). Within the
         shaded area shown on the map, pesticide use limitations only apply in and around the species habitat.
         The habitat consists of seepy meadows and wet pastures.

         snail darter (fish), Percina tanasi.  Within the shaded area shown on the map, pesticide use
         limitations apply on and along the river.  The upstream protection zone is te mile up from the shaded
         area on the Paint Rock River, as well as te mile up all tributaries that join the shaded area.

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Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
2,4-D (all forms)
ACEPHATE
AMITROLE
AMMONIUM SULFAMATE
ATRAZINE
AZINPHOS-METHYL
BENOMYL
CACODYLIC ACID
CAPTAN
CARBARYL
CARBOFURAN
CHLORPYRIFOS
Alfalfa, Peanuts
Apples
All Other Uses
CLOPYRALID
CYPERMETHRIN
Cabbage, Lettuce
DAZOMET
DEF
DIAZINON
DICAMBA (all forms)
DICHLOBENIL
DICHLORPROP(2,4-DP)
DICOFOL
DICROTOPHOS
DIFLUBENZURON
DIMETHOATE
DISULFOTON
ENDOSULFAN
ENQUIK
EPTC
ESFENVALERATE
ETHION
ETHOPROP
FENAMIPHOS
FLURIDONE
FONOFOS
FOSAMINE-AMMON1UM
GLYPHOSATE
HEXAZINONE
MALATHION
MANCOZEB
MCPA (all forms)
METHIDATHION
METHOMYL
METHYL PARATHION
MEVINPHOS
NALED
NITRAPYRIN
OXYFLUORFEN
PARAQUAT
PARATHION (ethyl)
PENDIMETHALIN
PERMETHRIN
PHORATE
PHOSMET
PHOSPHAMIDON
P1CLORAM (all forms)
PROFENOFOS
PROP 1 CON AZOLE
PYRETHRINS
SIMAZINE
TEBUTHIURON
TERBUFOS
TH 1 OPHAN ATE-METH YL
TRICHLORFON
TRIFLURALIN
* TAR = Threshold Application Rate (Pounds

r\ \ \. x v
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Code
7
7
7
7
7
60
60
7
7
7
--
60
7
7
7
--
20b
7
7
60
7
7
60
7
7
7
7
7
of active ingredient per
Shading
SI I I
Code
--
2c
1c
1c
2c
1c
43
41
2c
--
2c
2c
2c
2c
1c
2c
1c
2c
20
2c
2c
2c
1c
1c
2c
1c
1c
2c
2c
1c
1c
1c
1c
1
2c
. 2c
2c
acre per application)
Pattern
Code
29
29
29
29
29
--
29
29
29
29
29
--
14b
29
20b
29
29
29
29
--
33a
29
29 :
29
29
--


1T'+*7*+1
+ + + + 4
^^bMij
Code TAR*
297 1.5
2c
2c
43
41
3
2c
2c,10
297 0.2
297 0.4
2c
20
2c,10
2c
2c
2c,10
2c
2c
2c
2c
297 3.8


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Limitations On Pesticide Use
Codes/Limitations
   1  Do not apply this pesticide within 20 yards from the edge of water within the shaded area for ground applications
     nor within 100 yards for aerial applications.
  1c  For ground applications, do not apply this pesticide within 20 yards from the edge of water within either the
     shaded area or the upstream protection zone (described under the Shading Key).  For aerial applications, do
     not apply this pesticide within 100 yards from the edge of water within the areas described above.
  2c  For ground applications, do not apply this pesticide within 40 yards from the edge of water within either the
     shaded area or the upstream protection zone (described under the Shading Key).  For aerial applications, do
     not apply this pesticide within 200 yards from the edge of water within the areas described above.
   3  Do not apply this pesticide within 100 yards of the edge of water within the shaded area for ground applications
     nor within 1/4 mile for aerial applications.
   7  For ground applications, do not apply this pesticide within 20 yards from the edge of all caverns, sinkholes, and
     surface waters within the shaded area.  For aerial applications, do not apply within 100 yards of these sites.
  10  Do not apply directly to water within the shaded area.  In addition, do not apply directly to water within 1 mile
     upstream from the shaded area.
14b  Do not apply this pesticide in the species habitat (described under the Shading Key),  nor within 100 feet of the
     habitat.
  20  Do not apply directly to water within the shaded area.
20b  Do not apply directly to water within the shaded area, including  streams at the boundary of the shaded area.
  29  Do not apply this pesticide in the species habitat (described under the Shading Key).  In addition, for ground
     applications do not apply within 20 yards of the habitat, nor within 100 yards for aerial applications.
33a  Do not apply this pesticide in the species habitat (described under the Shading Key), nor within 1/4 mile of the
     habitat.
  41  Do not apply this pesticide within 1/4 mile of the edge of water within the shaded area for ground applications nor
     within 1/2 mile for aerial applications.
  43  Do not apply this pesticide within 100 yards of the edge of water  within the shaded area for ground applications,
     nor within 1/4 mile for aerial applications.
  60  Do not apply this pesticide within the shaded area.
297  For ground applications, do not apply this pesticide above the threshold application rate (TAR) indicated within
     40 yards from the edge of water  within either the shaded area or  the upstream protection zone (described
     under the Shading key).  For aerial applications, do not apply within 200 yards from the edge of water within
     the areas described above.

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How To Use This Information
1) On the county map, find the specific shading patterns that cover, or are close to, the area where you will apply pesticides.
2) Read the descriptor in the Shading Key for those patterns; this may further identify the area involved.
3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the active ingredients in the pesiticide you intend to apply.
4) Locate the codes to the right of the active ingredient name and under the shading patterns that apply to you.
5) When using the pesticide, you should follow the limitations indicated for those codes described under "Limitations on Pesticide
   Use."
6) If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with more than one
   shaded pattern (species), multiple codes may apply. If so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.
7) Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift on the back of this pamphlet.          	_^__^_
                                               Reducing Runoff and Drift
By using pesticides carefully, you can diminish harm to the environment, reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species to
pesticides  and more. By using pesticide runoff and drift reduction measures such as those outlined below, you can keep more of the
pesticide you apply on the field and lower your pesticide costs.
To Reduce Runoff
Where possible, use methods that reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing. These methods also reduce pesticide
runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrowing. These techniques incorporate the pesticide into the
soil.
When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label. Pesticides with such labels indicate a likelihood
for the pesticide to enter ground or surface water.
Keep informed about changing weather conditions.  Try to avoid applying pesticides when heavy rainfall is expected.
To Reduce Drift
Wind direction, wind speed and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift.  Most importantly, apply pesticides when the wind
direction is away from areas of concern. Try to avoid applications during high winds. Also avoid applications during the hottest part
of the day, when evaporation is highest.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not factors, use a drift retardant for aerial applications.
Use the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage. Typically, higher spray volumes will also result in less drift.
                         To Protect Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions

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