United States
                       Environmental Protection
                       Agency	
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (7506G)
EPA-735-K-94-040
August 1994

                       Protecting  Endangered
                      Interim Measures
                      Jefferson County, Alabama
                          The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                          what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                          Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                      Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                      effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                      law at this time, but are being provided now for
                      your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                      threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                      use. We encourage you to use this information.
                      We also welcome your comments.

                       The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                      protect and promote recovery of animals and
                      plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                      to the activities of people., Under the Act, EPA
                      must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                      not result in harm ttrthe species listed as
                      endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                      Wildlife Service, or to Habitat critical to those
                      species' survival. To accomplish this, the EPA
                      expects to implement program requirements
                      beginning in 1994. This program will protect
                      endangered and threatened species from harm due
                      to pesticide use.
                       EPA requests your comments regarding the
                     information presented in this publication. Please
                     let us know whether the information is clear and
                     correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                     recommended measures would affect you typical
                     pesticide use or productivity. This information
                     will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                    , of program development.

                                        Please submit comments to:
                                      Interim Endangered Species
                                      Protection Program (7506C)
                                                     U.S. EPA
                                              401M Street, SW
                                          Washington, DC 20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
contains at least 50% recycled fiber
           About This Publication

             This publication contains a County Map
           showing the Area within the county where
           pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
           species. These areas are identified on the map by
           a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
           corresponds to a species in need of protection.
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
           that each shaded pattern represents and often
           describes tide shaded area. The area may be
           described in terms of Township, Range, and
           Section or by giving details about the habitat of
           the species.
             The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
           Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
           which there should be limitations on use to
           protect certain species. The next columns are
           headed by Ihe shaded pattern of the species with
           Codes listed underneath them.
            The Code: indicates the specific limitation that
           is necessary to protect the species. The section
           titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the
           code.

           Does This Information Apply to You?

            To determine whether this information applies
           to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
           below. The information applies only if you
           answer "yes" to both questions:
              Do you intend to use pesticides within or
              near the shaded area on the county map?
              Are any of Ihe ingredients listed on the front
              panel of your pesticide product label named
              in the 'Table of Pesticide Active
              Ingredients"?
           If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
          should follow the instructions on "How to Use
          This Information" to determine if you should
          limit use of 'the pesticide to help protect listed
          species.
           If you answer "no" to either question, you
          should follow the usage directions on the
          pesticide product label.

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How To Use This Information

1) On the county map, find the specific shading patterns that
   cover, or are close to, the area where you intend to apply
   pesticides.
2) Read the descriptor in the Shading Key for those patterns;
   this may further identify the area involved.

3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the
   active ingredients in the pesiticide you intend to apply.

4) Locale the codes to the right of the active ingredient name
   and under the shading patterns that apply to you.

5) When using the pesticide, you should follow the limita-
   tions indicated for those codes described under "Limita-
   tions on Pesticide Use."

6) If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient
   or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with
   more than one shaded pattern (species), multiple codes
   may apply.  If so, you should follow the most restrictive
   limitation.

7) Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift on the
   back of this pamphlet
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern
                                        Code
CHLORPYRIFOS
Alfalfa, Peanuts
Apples
All Other Uses
DIAZ1NON
FLURIDONE
MALATHION
METHYL PARATHION
NALED
PARATHION (ethyl)
PYRETHRINS
43
41
5b,10b
5b,10b
20
5b,10b
5b,10b
5b,10b
5b
5b,10b
Limitations On Pesticide Use
Codes/Limitations
  5b  Do not apply ultra low volume (ULV) applica-
      tions within 1 mile from all areas described
      under the Shading Key.
 10b  Do not apply directly to water within all areas
      described under the Shading Key.
  20  Do not apply directly to water within the shaded
      area.
  41  Do not apply this pesticide within V* mile from the
      edge of water within the shaded area for
      ground applications, nor within V mile for
      aerial applications.
  43  Do not apply this pesticide within 100 yards from
      the edge of water within the shaded area for
      ground applications, nor within 1/4 mile for
      aerial applications.

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 Jefferson County, Alabama
                                                      Birmingham
                                                      Municipal
                                                      Airport
                                                                           i I  ii ill i
                                                                                County Border
                                                                                County Seat
                                                                                City
                                                                                lh.terstate( ILS.* State
                                                                                 of Other Highway
                                                                                Intersection of
                                                                                 Additional Roads
                                                                                Airport
                                                                                Industrial Park
                                                                                Railroad
                                                                                Rivefj Stream* Creek
                                                                                    Reservoir
SHADING  KEY
I
         Watercress darter (fish), Etheostoma nuchale. Pesticide use limitations apply to following;
           Zoom A - on and aroung Roebuck Spring, which is within the shaded area shown on the map
           Zoom B - on and along the streams and springs within the shaded areas shown on the map
                     as well as 1 mile upstream from the shaded area on Hall's Creek.

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                                    Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Runoff
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.
Drift
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.
         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
 &EPA
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Agency
      (7506C)
      Washington, DC 20460
      Official Business
      Penalty for Private Use
      $300

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