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                           United States
                           Environmental Protection
                           Agency	
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (75060)
                                                                                          EPA-735-K-94-042
                                                                                          August 1994
                           Protecting   Endangered
                           Species
                           Interim  Measures
                           Lauderdale County, Alabama
                              The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                              what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                              Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                          Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                          effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                          law at this time, but are being provided now for
                          your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                          threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                          use. We encourage you to use this information.
                          We also welcome your comments.

                           The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                          protect and promote recovery of animals and
                          plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                          to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                          must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                          not result in harm to the species listed as
                          endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                          Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                          species' survival. To accomplish this, the EPA
                          expects to implement program requirements
                          beginning in 1994. This program will protect
                          endangered and threatened species from harm due
                          to pesticide use.
                           EPA requests your comments regarding the
                          information presented in this publication. Please
                          let us know whether the information is clear and
                          correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                          recommended measures would affect you typical
                          pesticide use or productivity. This information
                          will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                          of program development.

                                           Please submit comments to:
                                          Interim Endangered Species
                                          Protection Program (7506C)
                                                        U.S. EPA
                                                  401M Street, SW
                                             Washington, DC 20460
     Recycled/Recyclable
     Primed with Soy/Cano!a Ink on paper that
     contains at least 50% recycled fiber
           About This Publication

            This publication contains a County Map
           showing tllie Area within the county where
           pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
           species. These areas are identified on the map by
           a shaded plattem. Each shaded pattern
           corresponds to a species in need of protection.
            The Shading Key shows the name of the species
           that each shaded pattern represents and often
           describes the shaded area. The area may be
           described in terms of Township, Range, and
           Section or by giving details about the habitat of
           the species.
            The first column of the 'Table of Pesticide
           Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
           which there should be limitations on use to
           protect certain species. The next columns are
           headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
           Codes listed underneath them.
            The Code indicates the specific limitation that
           is necessary to protect the species. The section
           titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the
           code.

           Does This Information Apply to You?

            To determine whether this information applies
           to your use of a. pesticide, review the questions
           below. The information applies only if you
           answer "yes" to both questions:
              Do you intend to use pesticides within or
              near the shaded area on the county map?
              Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
              panel of your pesticide product label named
              in the "Table of Pesticide Active
              Ingredients"?
            If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
          should follow the instructions on "How to Use
          This Information" to determine if you should
          limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
          species.
            If you answer "no" to either question, you
          should follow the usage directions on the
          pesticide product label.

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Lauderdale County, Alabama
                 Lindsay Creek 

                Burcham Creek'

                Bruton Branch
                 4 mi


                6 km
                                                      ^Greenbrier Branch
                                                       Middle Cypress Creek
                                 Cypress
                                 Creek
           1
       SMITHSONIA
                                    OAKLAND'.
                                                             8
                                                         17
             LEGEND
            	   County Border
                  County Seat
                  City
                  State Highway
         DO
Intersection of
  Additional Roads
Pipeline (above
  or below ground)
Church
Cemetery
Dam
River, Stream, Creek
                  N
                                                       OAKLAND
                                                                                                      3 km

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How To Use This Information

1) On the county map, find the specific shading patterns that cover, or are close to, the area where you will apply pesticides.

2) Read the descriptor in the Shading Key for those patterns; this may further identify the area involved.

3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the active ingredients in the pesiticide you intend to apply.

4) Locate the codes to the right of the active ingredient name and under the shading patterns that apply to you.

5) When using the pesticide, you should follow the limitations indicated for those codes described under "Limitations on Pesticide
   Use."                                                                           ;

6) If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with more than one
   shaded pattern (species), multiple codes may apply.  If so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.

7) Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift on the back of this pamphlet.
                                               Reducing Runoff and Drift

By using pesticides carefully, you can diminish harm to the environment, reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species to
pesticides - and more. By using pesticide runoff and drift reduction measures such as those outlined below, you can keep more of the
pesticide you apply on the field and lower your pesticide costs.

To Reduce Runoff

Where possible, use methods that reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing,, These methods also reduce pesticide
runoff.

Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrowing. These techniques incorporate the pesticide into the
soil.
                                                                                   i
When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.  Pesticides with such labels indicate a likelihood
for the pesticide to enter ground or surface water.             i

Keep informed about changing weather conditions. Try to avoid applying pesticides when heavy rainfall is expected.

To Reduce Drift

Wind direction, wind speed and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, apply pesticides when the wind
direction is away from areas of concern.  Try to avoid applications during high winds. Also avoid applications during the hottest part
of the day, when evaporation is highest.

When high winds and excessive evaporation are not factors, use a drift retardant for aerial applications.

Use the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage. Typically, higher spray volumes will also result in less drift.

                         To Protect Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions

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Limitations On Pesticide Use
Codes/Limitations
   1  Do not apply this pesticide within 20 yards from the edge of water within the shaded area for ground applica-
     tions, nor within 100 yards for aerial applications.
  1c For ground applications, do not apply this pesticide within 20 yards from the edge of water within either the
     shaded area or the upstream protection zone (described under the Shading Key). For aerial applications,
     do not apply this pesticide within 100 yards from the edge of water within the areas described above.
  2c For ground applications, do not apply this pesticide within 40 yards from the edge of water within either the
     shaded area or the upstream protection zone (described under the Shading Key). For aerial applications,
     do not apply this pesticide within 200 yards from the edge of water within the areas described above.
   7 For ground applications, do not apply this pesticide within 20 yards from the edge of all caverns, sinkholes,  and
     surface waters within the  shaded area.  For aerial applications, do not apply within 100 yards of these sites.
  10 Do not apply directly to water within the shaded area. In addition, do not apply directly to water within 1 mile
     upstream from the shaded area.
  20 Do not apply directly to water within the shaded area.
  41  Do not apply this pesticide within 1/4 mile of the edge of water within the shaded area for ground applications, nor
     within V mile for aerial applications.
  43 Do not apply this pesticide within 100 yards of the edge of water within the shaded area for ground applications,
     nor within 1/4 mile for aerial applications.
  60 Do not apply this pesticide within the shaded area.
297 For ground applications, do not apply this pesticide above the threshold application rate (TAR) indicated within
     40 yards from the edge of water within either the shaded area or the upstream protection zone (described
     under the Shading key).  For aerial applications, do not apply within 200 yards from the edge of water within
     the areas described above.

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SHADING  KEY
V/////X Alabama cavefish, Speoplatyrhinus poulsoni. Pesticide use limitations apply within the shaded area
         shown on the map, including on and along the Tennessee River.
         Freshwater mollusks [Orange-footed (=pimple back) pearly mussel, Plethobasus cooperianus. Pink
         mucket pearly mussel, Lampsilis abrupta. Rough pigtoe, Pleurobema plenum.  White wartyback
         pearly mussel, Plethobasus cicatricosus]. Within the shaded area shown on the map, pesticide use
         limitations apply on and along the river. The upstream protection zone Is 1/2 mile up all tributaries that
         join the shaded area.

         Slackwater darter (fish), Etheostoma boschungi. Within the shaded area shown on the map,
         pesticide  use limitations apply on and along the streams. The upstream protection zone is 1/2 mile
         up from the shaded area on Greenbrier Branch and Middle Cypress Creek, as well as 1/2 mile up all
         tributaries that join the shaded area.
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
     Shading Pattern
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern
Code
                            Code
Code   TAR*
                   Code
   Code
Code   TAR*
ACEPHATE
ALDICARB
ATRAZINE
AZINPHOS-METHYL
BENOMYL
BENSULIDE
CAPTAN
CARBARYL
CARBOFURAN
CHLOROTHALONIL
CHLORPYRIFOS
Alfalfa, Peanuts
Apples
All Other Uses
COPPER SULFATE, BASIC
DEF
DIAZINON
DICOFOL
DICROTOPHOS
DIFLUBENZURON
DIMETHOATE
DISULFOTON (granular)
DISULFOTON (non-granular)
DIURON
EMDOSULFAN
ETHION
ETHOPROP
FENAMIPHOS
FENITROTHION
FLURIDONE
FONOFOS
7
60
7
7
7
7
7
60
60
60
43
41
7
7
7
60
7
7
7
7
60
60
7
60
7
60
60
7
60
2c
1c
1c
2c
43
41
2c
2c
2c
2c
2c
2c
2c
20
2c
2c --
2c --
297 4.3
2c --
2c --
2c --
43 --
41 -
2c,10 --
2c --
2c,10 --
297 0.2
2c --
297 0.1
2c --
297 0.4
2c --
20 --
2c -
ISOFENPHOS
MALATHION
MANCOZEB
METHIDATHION
METHOMYL (granular)
METHOMYL (non-granular)
METHOPRENE
METHYL PARATHION
MEVINPHOS
NALED
NITRAPYRIN
OXAMYL
OXYDEMETON-METHYL
OXYFLUORFEN
PARATHION (ethyl)
PENDIMETHALIN
PHORATE
PHOSMET
PHOSPHAMIDON
PROFENOFOS
PROPACHLOR
PROPARGITE
PROPAZINE
PROPICONAZOLE
PYRETHRINS
SULPROFOS
TERBUFOS ;
THIODICARB
THIOPHANATE-METHYL
TRICHLORFON
TRIFLURALIN
7
60
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
60
7
7
7
7
7
60
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
60
2c
2c
1c
2c
1C
1c
2c
2c
1c
1
2c
2c
2c
2c,10
2c
2c
297
10,297
2c
297
2c,10
297
2c
2c
2c
2c
2c
2c,10
2c
2c
297
-
0.4
0.6
0.5
0.6
-
3.8
* TAR = Threshold Application Rate (Pounds of active ingredient per acre per application)


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