United States
                      Environmental Protection
                      Agency
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (7506C)
EPA-735-K-94-047
August 1994
                      Protecting   Endangered
                      Species
                      Interim  Measures
                      Pickens County, Alabama
                         The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                         what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                         Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                     Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                     effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                     law at this time, but are being provided now for
                     your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                     threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                     use. We encourage you to use this information.
                     We also welcome your comments.

                      The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                     protect and promote recovery of animals and
                     plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                     to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                     must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                     not result in harm to the species listed as
                     endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                     Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                     species' survival. To accomplish this, the EPA
                     expects to implement program requirements
                     beginning in 1994. This program will protect
                     endangered and threatened species from harm due
                     to pesticide use.
                      EPA requests your comments regarding the
                     information presented in this publication. Please
                     let us know whether the information is clear and
                     correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                     recommended measures would affect you typical
                     pesticide use or productivity. This information
                     will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                     of program development.

                                      .. Please submit comments to:
                                     Interim Endangered Species
                                     Protection Program (7506C)
                                                    U.S. EPA
                                             401M Street, SW
                                         Washington, DC 20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
contains at least 50% recycled liber
           About Tliis Publication

             This publication contains a County Map
           showing this Area within the county where
           pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
           species. These areas are identified on the map by
           a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
           corresponds to a species in need of protection.
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
           that each shaded pattern represents and often
           describes the shaded area. The area may be
           described in terms of Township, Range, and
           Section or by giving details about the habitat of
           the species.
             The first column of the 'Table of Pesticide
           Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
           which there should be limitations on use to
           protect certain species. The next Columns are
           headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
           Codes listed underneath them.
            The Code indicates the specific limitation that
           is necessary to protect the species. The section
           titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the
           code.

           Does This Information Apply to You?

            To determine whether this information applies
           to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
           below. The information applies only if you
           answer "yes" to both questions:
              Do you intend to use pesticides within or
              near the shaded area on the county map?
              Are any of the ingredients  listed on the front
              panel of your pesticide product label named
              in the "Table of Pesticide Active
              Ingredients"?
            If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
           should follow the instructions on "How to Use
           This Information" to determine if you should
           limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
           species.
            If you ansv/er "no" to either question, you
           should follow the usage directions on the
          pesticide product label.

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How To Use This Information
1) On the county map, find the specific shading patterns that
   cover, or are close to, the area where you intend to apply
   pesticides.

2) Read the descriptor in the Shading Key for those patterns;
   this may further identify the area involved.

3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the
   active ingredients in the pesiticide you intend to apply.

4) Locate the codes to the right of the active ingredient name
   and under the shading patterns that apply to you.

5) When using the pesticide, you should follow the limita-
   tions indicated for those codes described under "Limita-
   tions on Pesticide Use."

6) If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient
   or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with
   more than one shaded pattern (species), multiple codes
   may apply. If so, you should follow the most restrictive
   limitation.

7) Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift on the
   back of this pamphlet.
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern
                                           Code
AZINPHOS-METHYL
BENOMYL
BENSULIDE
CAPTAN
CARBARYL
CARBOFURAN
CHLORPYRIFOS
Alfalfa, Peanuts
Apples
All Other Uses
DEF
DIAZINON
DICOFOL
DIMETHOATE
ENDOSULFAN
ETHION
ETHOPROP
FENAMIPHOS
FLURIDONE
FONOFOS
MALATHION
METHIDATHION
METHOMYL
METHYL PARATHION
MEVINPHOS
NALED
NITRAPYRIN
PARATHION (ethyl)
PENDIMETHALIN
PHORATE
PHOSMET
PHOSPHAMIDON
PYRETHRINS
TERBUFOS
TRICHLORFON
2c
1c
2c
1c
2c
1c
43
41
2c
2c
2c
2c
2c
2c
2c
1C
2c
20
2c
2c
2c
1c
1c
2c
1C
1C
2c
2c
1C
1c
1C
2c
2c
2c
                                                                Limitations On Pesticide Use
                                                                Codes/Limitations
                                                                  1c  For ground applications, do not apply this pesticide
                                                                      within 20 yards from the edge of water within either
                                                                      the shaded area or the upstream protection zone
                                                                      (described under the Shading Key).  For aerial ap-
                                                                      plications, do not apply this pesticide within 100
                                                                      yards from the edge of water within the areas
                                                                      described above.
                                                                  2c  For ground applications, do not apply this pesticide
                                                                      within 40 yards from the edge of water within either
                                                                      the shaded area or the upstream protection zone
                                                                      (described under the Shading Key).  For aerial ap-
                                                                      plications, do not apply this pesticide within 200
                                                                      yards from the edge of water within the areas
                                                                      described above.
                                                                  20  Do not apply directly to water within the shaded area.
                                                                  41  Do not apply this pesticide within 1/4  mile of the edge of
                                                                      water within the shaded area for ground applica-
                                                                      tions, nor within ft mile for aerial applications.
                                                                  43  Do not apply this pesticide within 100 yards of the edge
                                                                      of water within the shaded area for ground applica-
                                                                      tions, nor within 1A mile for aerial applications.

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 Pickens County, Alabama
                                                                             LEGEND
                                                                                 County Border
                                                                                 County Seat

                                                                                 State Highway

                                                                                 River, Stream, Creek
                                                                                 Lake, Reservoir
                                                                                      5 mi
                                                                                 5 km
SHADING KEY
' --'  ! Freshwater mollusks (Judge Tail's mussel, Pleurobema taitianum. Stirrup shell, Quadrula stapes)
         Within the shaded area shown on the map, pesticide use limitations apply on and along the river
         The upstream protection zone is V mile up all tributaries that join the shaded area.

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                                    Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.

Runoff
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.


Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.

         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
 &EPA
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Agency
      (7506C)
      Washington, DC 20460
      Official Business
      Penalty for Private Use
      $300

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