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United States
Environmental Protection
Agency	
                                                           Pesticides and
                                                           Toxic Substances (7506C)
EPA-735-K-04-050
August 1994
                             Protecting  Endangered
                             Species
                             Interim  Measures
                             Barton County, Kansas
                                 The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                                 what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                                 Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                            Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                            effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                            law at this time, but are being provided now for
                            your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                            threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                            use. We encourage you to use this information.
                            We also welcome your comments.

                              The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                            protect and promote recovery of animals and
                            plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                            to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                            must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                            not result in harm to the species listed as
                            endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                            Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                            species' survival. To accomplish this, the EPA
                            expects to implement program requirements
                            beginning in 1994. This program will protect
                            endangered and threatened species from harm due
                            to pesticide use.
                              EPA requests your comments regarding the
                            information presented in this publication. Please
                            let us know whether the information is clear and
                            correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                            recommended measures would affect you typical
                            pesticide use or productivity. This information
                            will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                            of program development.

                                               Please submit comments to:
                                             Interim Endangered Species
                                             Protection Program (7506C)
                                                            U.S. EPA
                                                     401 M Street, SW
                                                 Washington, DC  20460
        Recycled/Recyclable
        Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
        contains at least 50% recycled fiber
                                          About This Publication

                                           This publication contains a County Map
                                          showing the Area within the county where
                                          pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
                                          species. These areas are identified on the map by
                                          a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
                                          corresponds to a species in need of protection.
                                           The Shading Key shows the name of the species
                                          that each shaded pattern represents and often
                                          describes: the shaded area. The area may be
                                          described in terms of Township, Range, and
                                          Section or by giving details about the habitat of
                                          the species.
                                           The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
                                          Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
                                          which there should be limitations on use to
                                          protect certain species. The next columns are
                                          headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
                                          Codes listed underneath them.
                                           The Code indicates the specific limitation that
                                          is necessary to protect the species. The section
                                          titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the
                                          code.

                                          Does This Information Apply to You?

                                           To determine whether this information applies
                                          to your uise of a pesticide, review the questions
                                          below. The information applies only if you
                                          answer "yes" to both questions:
                                             Do you intend to use pesticides within or
                                             near the shaded area on the county map?
                                             Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
                                             panel of your pesticide product label named
                                             in the "Table of Pesticide Active
                                             Ingredients"?
                                           If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
                                          should follow the instructions on "How to Use
                                          This Information" to determine if you should
                                          limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
                                          species.
                                           If you answer "no" to either question, you
                                          should follow the usage directions on the
                                          pesticide product label.

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How To Use This Information
1) On the county map, find the specific shading pattem(s)
   in or near the area where you intend to apply pesticides.

2) Read the descriptor under the Shading Key for the
   pattem(s) to identify the specific area involved.

3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the
   active ingredient in the pesticide you intend to apply.

4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient name
   and under the shading pattem(s) that apply to you.

5) When using the pesticide, find the code(s) described
   under "Limitations on Pesticide Use" and follow the
   limitation given.

6) If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient
   or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with
   more than one  shading pattern (species), multiple codes
   may apply. If so, you should follow the most restrictive
   limitation.

7) Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift in
   this pamphlet.
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern
                                        Code
4-AMINOPYRIDINE
ACEPHATE
ALDICARB
AZINPHOS-METHYL
      284
      284
      284
      284
CARBARYL
CARBOFURAN
CHLORPYRIFOS
DlAZINON
      284
      284
      284
      284
DICROTOPHOS
DISULFOTON
ENDOSULFAN
ETHOPROP
      284
      284
      284
      284
FENAMIPHOS
FONOFOS
ISOFENPHOS
METHYLPARATHION
MEVINPHOS
      284
      284
      284
      284
      284
OXAMYL
PARAQUAT
PARATHION
PHORATE
TRICHLORFON
                                                                      (ethyl)
      284
      284
      284
      284
      284
                                                            Limitations on Pesticide Use
                                                            Codes/Limitations
                                                             284 Do not apply this pesticide within the shaded area
                                                                  shown on the map, within 20 yards of the shaded
                                                                  area for ground applications, nor within 100
                                                                  yards for aerial applications.

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 Barton County, Kansas
 LEGEND
	  County Border
     County Seat
     City, Town
     U.S., State Highway
                                                                               N
                                                             5 mi
                     Railroad
        	^_  Park, Reservation,
                      Forest, Refuge
        ^3S*-  Lake, Reservoir
                                                        5km
                Missouri
                Pacific
                Railroad
                                                                             Cheyenne
                                                                             Bottoms
                                                                              Refuge
SHADING  KEY

         Interior least tern (bird), Sterna antillarum arid Piping plover (bird), Charadrius melodus.

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                                     Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Runoff
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-turrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.
Drift
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.

         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
     United States
     Environmental Protection
     Agency
     (7506C)
     Washington, DC  20460
     Official Business
     Penalty for Private Use
     $300

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