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   4>EPA
                            United States
                            Environmental Protection
                            Agency	
                                                          Pesticides and
                                                          Toxic Substances (75060)
                        EPA-735-K-04-051
                        August 1994
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                  IF '
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                            Protecting  Endangered
                            Species
                            Interim  Measures
                                     County,
                              I he information in this pamphlet is similar to
                               what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                               Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                           Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                           effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                           law at this time, but are being provided now for
                           your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                           threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                           use. We encourage you to use this information.
                           We also welcome your comments.

                            The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                           protect and promote recovery of animals and
                           plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                           to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                           must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                           not result in harm to the species listed as
                           endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                           Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                           species' survival. To accomplish this, the EPA
                           expects to implement program requirements
                           beginning in 1994. This program will protect
                           endangered and threatened species from harm due
                           to pesticide use.
                            EPA requests your comments regarding the
                           information presented in this publication. Please
                           let us know whether the information is clear and
                           correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                           recommended measures would affect you typical
                           pesticide use or productivity. This information
                           will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                           of program development.

                                             Please submit comments to:
                                            Interim Endangered Species
                                            Protection Program (7506C)
                                                          U.S. EPA
                                                   401M Street, SW
                                               Washington, DC 20460
       Recycled/Recyclable
       Printed wilh Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
       contains at least 50% recycled fiber
 About This Publication

  This publication contains a County Map
 showing the Area within the county where
 pesticide use should be limited fo protect listed
 species. These areas are identified on the map by
 a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
 corresponds to a species in need of protection.
  The Shading Key shows the name of the species
 that each shaded pattern represents and often
 describes the shaded area. The area may be
 described in terms of Township, Range, and
 Section or by giving details about the habitat of
 the species.
  The first: column of the 'Table of Pesticide
 Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
 which there should be limitations on use to
 protect certain species. The next columns are
 headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
 Codes listed underneath them.
  The Code indicates the specific limitation that
 is necessairy to protect the species. The section
 titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the
 code.    i

 Does This Information Apply to You?

  To determine whether this information applies
 to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
 below. The information applies only if you
 answer "yes" to both questions:
    Do you intend to use pesticides within or
    near the shaded area on the county map?
    Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
    panel of your pesticide product label named
    in the "Table of Pesticide Active
    Ingredients"?
 If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
 should follow the instructions on "How to Use
This Information" to determine if you should
limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
species.
 If you answer "no" to either question, you
should follow the usage directions on the
pesticide product label.

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How To Use This Information
1) On the county map, find the specific shading pattern(s)
   in or near the area where you intend to apply pesticides.
2) Read the descriptor under the Shading Key for the
   pattem(s) to identify the specific area involved.
3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the
   active ingredient  in the pesticide you intend to apply.

4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient name
   and under the shading pattern(s) that apply to you.

5) When using the pesticide, find the code(s) described
   under "Limitations on Pesticide Use" and follow the
   limitation given.

6) If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient
   or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with
   more than one shading pattern  (species), multiple codes
   may apply. If so, you should follow the most restrictive
   limitation.
7) Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift in
   this pamphlet.
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading
1
Pattern
1
Code
4-AMINOPYRIDINE
ACEPHATE
ALDICARB
AZINPHOS-METHYL
CARBARYL
CARBOFURAN
CHLORPYRIFOS
DIAZINON
DICROTOPHOS
DISULFOTON
ENDOSULFAN
ETHOPROP
FENAMIPHOS
FONOFOS
ISOFENPHOS
METHYIPARATHION
MEVINPHOS
OXAMYL
PARAQUAT
PARATHION (ethyl)
PRORATE
TRICHLORFON
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3





Limitations on Pesticide Use
                                                              Codes/Limitations
                                                                3   Do not apply this pesticide within 100 yards from
                                                                    the edge of water within the shaded area for
                                                                    ground applications, nor within t4 mile from the
                                                                    edge of water for aerial applications.	

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 Clark County, Kansas
              LEGEND
               County Border
                  County Seat
                  City, Town

                  U.S. Highway

                  River, Stream, Creek
   6 mi
N
6km
SHADING KEY

         Interior least tern (bird), Sterna antillarum and Piping plover (bird), Charadrius melodus.

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                                    Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Runoff
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.

Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during trie hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.
         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
 v/EPA
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Agency
      (7506C)
      Washington, DC 20460
      Official Business
      Penalty for Private Use
      $300

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