United States
                    Environmental Protection
                    Agency
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (7506C)
EPA-735-K-94-072
September 1994

                     Protecting   Endangered
                     Species
                     Interim  Measures
                     Union County, South  Dakota
                        The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                        what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                        Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                    Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                    effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                    law at this time, but are being provided now for
                    your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                    threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                    use. We encourage you to use this information.
                    We also welcome your comments.

                     The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                    protect and promote recovery of animals and
                    plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                    to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                    must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                    not result in harm to the species listed as
                    endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                    Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                    species' survival. To accomplish this, the EPA
                    expects to implement program requirements
                    beginning in 1994. This program will protect
                    endangered and threatened species from harm due
                    to pesticide use.
                     EPA requests your comments regarding the
                    information presented in this publication. Please
                    let us know whether the information is clear and
                    correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                    recommended measures would affect you typical
                    pesticide use or productivity. This information
                    will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                    of program development.

                                        Please submit comments to:
                                     Interim Endangered Species
                                     Protection Program (7506C)
                                                    VS. EPA
                                             401 M Street, SW
                                         Washington, DC  204(60
Recycled/Recyclable
Printed with Soy/Canda Ink on paper that
contains at least 50% recycled fiber
            About This Publication
               i.'
             This publication contains a County Map
            showing the Area within the county where
            pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
            species. These areas are identified on the map by
            a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
            corresponds to a species in need of protection.
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
            that each shaded pattern represents and often
            describes the shaded area. The area may be
            described in terms of Township, Range, and
            Section or by giving details about the habitat of
            the species.
             The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
            Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
            which there should be limitations on use to
            protect certain species. The next columns are
            headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
            Codes listed underneath them.
             The Code indicates the specific limitation that
            is necessary to protect the species. The section
            titled Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the
            code.

            Does This Information Apply to You?

             To determine whether this information applies
            to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
            below. The information applies only if you
            answer "yes" to both questions:
              Do you intend to use pesticides within or
               near the shaded area on the county map?
              Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
               panel of your pesticide product label named
               in the "Table of Pesticide Active
               Ingredients"?
             If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
            should fpllow the instructipns on "How to Use
            This Information" to determine if you should
            limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
            species.
             If you answer "no" to either question, you
            should follow the usage directions pq the
            pesticide product label.

-------
How To Use This Information
1) On the county map, find the specific shading pattern(s)
    in or near the area where you intend to apply pesticides.

2) Read the descriptor under the Shading Key for the
   pattern(s) to  identify the specific area involved.
3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the
   active ingredient in the pesticide you intend to apply.

4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient name
   and under the shading pattern(s) that apply to you.

5) When using the pesticide, find the code(s) described
   under "Limitations on Pesticide Use" and follow the
   limitation given.
6) If you are applying more than  one listed active ingredient
   or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with
   more than one shading pattern (species), multiple codes
   may apply. If so, you should follow the most restrictive
   limitation.
7) Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift in
   this pamphlet.
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
4-AMINOPYRIDINE
ACEPHATE
ALDICARB
AZINPHOS-METHYL
CARBARYL
CARBOFURAN
CHLORPYRIFOS
DIAZINON
DICROTOPHOS
DISULFOTON
ENDOSULFAN
ETHOPROP
FENAMIPHOS
FONOFOS
ISOFENPHOS
METHYLPARATHiON
MEVINPHOS
OXAMYL
PARAQUAT
PARATHION(ethyl)
PHORATE
TRICHLORFON
Shading Pattern
1 1
v/////.
Code
3s
3s
3s
3s
3s
3s
3s
3s
3s
3s
3s
3s
3s
3s
3s
3s
3s
3s
3s
3s
3s
3s
Limitations on Pesticide Use
                                                              Codes/Limitations
                                                               3s  Within the shaded area shown on the map and 2
                                                                    miles up all streams that join the shaded area, do
                                                                    not apply this pesticide within  100 yards from the
                                                                    edge of water for ground applications, nor
                                                                    within V4 mile for aerial applications.

-------
Union County, South Dakota
              LEGEND
              	  County Border
                  County Seat
                  City, Town
                  Interstate Highway

                  River, Stream, Creek
 SHADING KEY
                     4mi
                  4km
                              N
Interior least tern (bird), Sterna antillarum.
                                                         Piping plover (bird), Charadrius melodus.

-------
                                     Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Runoff
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.

Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.

Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.
Drift
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high, winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.

         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
 &EPA
     United States
     Environmental Protection
     Agency
     (7506C)
     Washington, DC 20460
     Official Business
     Penalty for Private Use
     S300

-------