United States
                     Environmental Protection
                              Pesticides and
                              Toxic Substances
January 1995
Protecting  Endangered
Interim  Measures
Posey County, Indiana
                         The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                         what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                         Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once
                     our Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                     effect The limitations on pesticide use are not
                     law at this time, but are being provided now for
                     your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                     threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                     use. We encourage you to use this information.
                     We also welcome your comments.

                      The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                     protect and promote recovery of animals and
                     plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                     to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                     must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                     not result in harm to the species listed as
                     endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                     Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                     species' survival. To implement the Endangered
                     Species Protection Program, labels of certain
                     pesticides will direct users to bulletins similar to
                     this sample pamphlet. This program will protect
                     endangered and threatened species from harm
                     due to pesticide use.
                      EPA requests your comments regarding the
                     information presented in this publication. Please
                     let us know whether the information is clear and
                     correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                     recommended measures would affect you typical
                     pesticide use or productivity. This information
                     will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                     of program development.

                                        Please submit comments to:
                                     Interim Endangered Species
                                     Protection Program (7506Q
                                                    UJS. EPA
                                              401 M Street, SW
                                         Washington, DC  20460
Printed with Soy/Canda Ink on paper that
contains at least 50% recycled fiber
                                          About This Publication

                                           This publication contains a County Map
                                          showing the .Area within the county where
                                          pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
                                          species. Theses areas are identified on the map by
                                          a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
                                          corresponds to a species in need of protection.
                                           The Shading Key shows the name of the
                                          species that each shaded pattern represents and
                                          often describes the shaded area The area may be
                                          described in terms of Township, Range, and
                                          Section or by giving details about the habitat of
                                          the species.
                                           The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
                                          Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
                                          which there should be limitations on use to
                                          protect certain species. The next columns are
                                          headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
                                          Codes listed underneath them.
                                           The Code indicates the specific limitation that
                                          is necessary to protect the species. The section
                                          tided Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the

                                          Does This Itaformation Apply to You?

                                           To determine whether this information applies
                                          to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
                                          below. The information applies only if you
                                          answer "yes" to both questions:
                                             Do you intend to use pesticides within or
                                              near the shaded area on the county map?
                                             Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
                                              panel of your pesticide product label named
                                              in the 'Table of Pesticide Active
                                           If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
                                          should follow the instructions on "How to Use
                                          This Information" to determine if you should
                                          limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
                                           If you answer "no" to either question, you
                                          should follow the usage directions on the
                                          pesticide product label.

How To Use This Information
1) On the county map, find the specific shading pattern(s)
    in or near the area where you intend to apply pesticides.

2) Read the descriptor under the Shading Key for the
   pattern(s) to  identify the specific area involved.

3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the
   active ingredient in the pesticide you intend to apply.

4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient name
   and under the shading pattem(s) that apply to you.

5) When using the pesticide, find the code(s) described
   under "Limitations on Pesticide Use" and follow the
   limitation given.

6) If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient
   or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with
   more than one shading pattern (species), multiple codes
   may apply. If so, you should follow the most restrictive

7) Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift in
   this pamphlet.
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern
Limitations on Pesticide Use
Codes/Lim itatio ns
  1 m Within the shaded area shown on the map and
      1/2 mile up all streams that join the shaded area,
      do not apply this pesticide within 20 yards from
      the edge of water for ground applications, nor
      within 100 yards for aerial applications.

Posey County, Indiana
                 County Border
                 County Seat
                 City, Town

                         lS-1 state
                 River, Stream, Creek

          Freshwater mollusks [Fat pocketbook, Potamilus (=Proptera) capax].

                                     Reducing Runoff and Drift
 Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
 to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
 field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
 Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
 reduce pesticide runoff.

 Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
 into the soil.                                                                                  r

 Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
 warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.

 Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected
 Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
 applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds
 Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
 When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
 Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher sprav volumes
will also result in less drift.

        For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
     United States
     Environmental Protection
     Washington, DC 20460
     Official Business
     Panalty for Private Use