United States
                     Environmental Protection
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (7506C)
April 1995
                     Protecting  Endangered
                     Interim  Measures
                     Arkansas County, Arkansas
                         The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                         what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                         Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                     Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                     effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                     law at this time, but are being provided now for
                     your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                     threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                     use. We encourage you to use  this information.
                     We also welcome your comments.

                      The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                     protect and promote recovery of animals and
                     plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                     to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                     must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                     not result in harm to the species listed as
                     endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish  and
                     Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                     species' survival. To implement the Endangered
                     Species Protection Program, labels of certain
                     pesticides will direct users to bulletins similar to
                     this sample pamphlet. This program will protect
                     endangered and threatened species from harm due
                     to pesticide use.
                      EPA requests your comments regarding  the
                     information presented in this publication. Please
                     let us know whether the information is clear and
                     correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                     recommended measures would affect you  typical
                     pesticide use or productivity. This information
                     will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                     of program development.

                                         Please submit comments to:
                                      Interim Endangered Species
                                      Protection Program (7506C)
                                                    U.S. EPA
                                              401 M Street, SW
                                         Washington, DC 20460
Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
contains at least 50% recycled fiber
            About This Publication

             This publication contains a County Map
            showing the Area within the county where
            pesticide, use should be limited to protect listed
            species. These areas are identified on the map by
            a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
            corresponds to a species in need of protection.
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
            that each shaded pattern represents and often
            describes the shaded area. The area may be
            described in terms of Township, Range, and
            Section or by giving details about the habitat of
            the species.
             The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
            Active  Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
            which there should be limitations on use to
            protect certain  species. The next columns are
            headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
            Codes listed underneath them.
             The Code indicates the specific limitation that is
            necessary to protect the species. The section titled
            Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the code.

            Does This Information Apply to You?

             To determine whether this information applies
            to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
            below. The information applies only if you
            answer "yes" to both questions:
               Do you intend to use pesticides within or
               near the shaded area on the county map?
               Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
               panel of your pesticide product label named
               in the "Table of Pesticide Active
             If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
            should follow the instructions on "How to Use
            This Information" to determine if you should
            limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
             If you answer "no" to either question, you
            should follow the usage directions on the
            pesticide product label.

How To Use This Information
1) On the county map, find the specific shading pattern(s)
    in or near the area where you intend to apply pesticides.

2) Read the descriptor under the Shading  Key for the
   pattern(s) to identify the specific area  involved.

3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the
   active ingredient in the pesticide you intend to apply.

4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient name
   and under the shading pattern(s) that apply to you.

5) When using the pesticide,  find the code(s) described
   under "Limitations on Pesticide Use" and follow the
   limitation given.

6) If you arc applying more than one listed active ingredient
   or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with
   more than one shading pattern (species), multiple codes
   may apply. If so, you should follow the most restrictive
7) Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift in
   this pamphlet.
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pal tern
    I        i.
  All Other Uses

Limitations on Pesticide Use
   1  Do not apply this pesticide within 20 yards from
      the edge of water within the shaded area s ipwn
      on the map for ground applications, norv/ithin
      100 yards for aerial applications.
  63  Do not apply this pesticide within the shadud
      area shown on the map, within 1000 feet o< the
      shaded area for ground applications, nor within
      1 mile for aerial applications.  When usin:j in a
      rice field which drains into the shaded are a, do
      not flood the field for 3 days after the application.
      Once flooded, allow 7 days to pass until tha field
      is drained.

Arkansas County, Arkansas
                                                              White River
                                                            National Wildlife
	  County Border
     County Seat
     City, Town
     US Highway
	  Pork, Reservation,
       Forest, Monument
-  River, Stream, Creek
I       I  Freshwater mollusks [Fat pocketbook, Potamilus (=Proptera) capax. Pink mucket pearly mussel,
          Lampsilis abrupta].

                                           Reducing Runoff and Drift
      Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
      to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
      field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
      Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
      reduce pesticide runoff.
      Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
      into the soil.
      Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
      warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
      Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.

      Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
      applied when the  wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high win is.
      Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
      When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
      Using the largest  droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
      will also result ha less drift.
               For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read  and Follow Label Directions
            United States
            Environmental Protection
            Washington, DC 20460
            Official Business
            Penalty for Private Use