United States
                           Environmental Protection
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (7506C)
April 1995

   &EPA      .   Protecting   Endangered
                                                      ^^                     ^^   i	1	1iir
                           Interim  Measures
                           Desha County, Arkansas
                               The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                               what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                               Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                           Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                           effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                           law at this time, but are being provided now for
                           your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                           threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                           use. We encourage you to use this  information.
                           We also welcome your comments.

                            The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                           protect and promote recovery of animals and
                           plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                           to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                           must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                           not result in harm to the species listed as
                           endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                           Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                           species' survival. To implement the Endangered
                           Species Protection Program, labels of certain
                           pesticides will direct users to bulletins  similar to
                           this sample pamphlet. This program will protect
                           endangered and threatened species from harm due
                           to pesticide use.
                            EPA requests your comments regarding the
                           information presented in this publication. Please
                           let us know whether the information is clear and
                           correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                           recommended measures would affect you typical
                           pesticide use or productivity. This information
                           will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                           of program development.

                                              Please submit comments to:
                                           Interim Endangered Species
                                           Protection Program (7506C)
                                                          U.S. EPA
                                                    401 M Street, SW
                                               Washington, DC 20460
How To Use This Information
1) On the county map, find the specific shading pattern(s)
    in or near the area where you intend to apply pesticides.

2) Read the descriptor under the Shading Key for the
   pattern(s) to identify the specific area involved.

3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the
   active ingredient in the pesticide you intend to apply.

4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient name
   and under the shading pattern(s) that apply to you.

5) When using the pesticide,  find the code(s) described
   under "Limitations on Pesticide Use" and follow the
   limitation given.

6) If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient
   or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with
   more than one shading pattern (species), multiple codes
   may apply. If so, you should follow the most restrictive

7) Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift in
   this pamphlet.
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern
    I  	 J'f'I-'l
    I	Jl|
      Code >
  All Other Uses

Limitations on Pesticide Use
   1  Do not apply this pesticide within 20 yan;ls from
      the edge of water within the shaded area shown
      on the map for ground applications, nor within
      100 yards for aerial applications.
  63  Do not apply this pesticide within the shaded
      area shown on the map, within 1000 feei of the
      shaded area for ground applications, nor within
      1 mile for aerial applications. When using in a
      rice field which drains into the shaded area, do
      not flood the field for 3 days after the ap alication.
      Once flooded, allow  7 days to pass until 'the field
      is drained.

  Desha County, Arkansas
                   County Border
                   County Seat

                   U.S., State Highway
                   Park, Reservation,
                    Forest, Monument
                   River, Stream, Creek
                                                                       White River
                                                                     National Wildlife
                                                                                   5 mi
                                                                         I  1 I I

                                                                       0      5 km
I    '""'I  Freshwater mollusks [Fat pocketbook, Potamilus (=Proptera) capax. Pink mucket pearly mussel,

                                     Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide OB the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.

Wherfpossible, use methods whichreduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate me pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than fhose without mch
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions,  and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainf all is ejected.

Wmd direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides shoul. 1 be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid applicationduring; periods of^gh wuds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the  day, when evaporation is highest, will furtoer reduce drift
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray vol umes
will also result la less drift.
         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
       United States
       Environmental Protection
       Washington, DC 20460
       Official Business
       Penalty for Private Use