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                        United States
                        Environmental Protection
                                                           Pesticides and
                                                           Toxic Substances (7506C)
April 1995
                             Protecting  Endangered
                             Interim  Measures
                             Hot Spring County, Arkansas
                            The information in this pamphlet is similar, to
                            what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                            Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                        Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                        effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                        law at this time, but are being provided now for
                        your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                        threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                        use. We encourage you to use this information.
                        We also welcome your comments.

                          The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                        protect and promote recovery of animals and
                        plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                        to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                        must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                        not result in harm to the species listed as
                        endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                        Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                        species' survival. To implement the Endangered
                        Species Protection Program, labels of certain
                        pesticides will direct users to bulletins similar  to
                        this sample pamphlet. This program will protect
                        endangered and threatened species from harm due
                        to pesticide use.
                          EPA requests your comments regarding the
                        information presented in this publication. Please
                        let us know whether the information is clear and
                        correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                        recommended measures would affect you typical
                        pesticide use'Or productivity. This information
                        will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                        of program development.

                                            Please submit comments to:
                                          Interim Endangered Species
                                          Protection Program (7506C)
                                                         U.S. EPA
                                                  401 M Street, SW
                                             Washington, DC  20460
    Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
    contains at least 50% recycled fiber
                                                                       About rfhis Publication

                                                                         This publication contains a County Map
                                                                       showing lie Area within the county where
                                                                       pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
                                                                       species. These areas are identified on the map by
                                                                       a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
                                                                       corresponds to a species in need of protection.
                                                                         The Shading Key shows the name of the species
                                                                       that each shaded pattern represents and often
                                                                       describes the shaded area. The area may be
                                                                       described in terms of Township, Range, and
                                                                       Section or by giving details about the habitat of
                                                                       the species.
                                                                         The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
                                                                       Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
                                                                       which there should be limitations on use to
                                                                       protect certain species. The next columns are
                                                                       headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
                                                                       Codes listed underneath them.
                                                                         The Code indicates the specific limitation that is
                                                                       necessary to protect the species. The section titled
                                                                       Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the code.

                                                                       Does This Information Apply to You.?

                                                                         To determine whether this information applies
                                                                       to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
                                                                       below. The information applies only if you
                                                                       answer "yes" to both questions:
                                                                          Do you intend to use pesticides within or
                                                                           near the shaded area on the county map?
                                                                          Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
                                                                           panel of your pesticide product label named
                                                                           in the "Table of Pesticide Active
                                                                         If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
                                                                       should follow the instructions on "How to Use
                                                                       This Information" to determine if you should
                                                                       limit use;of the pesticide to help protect listed
                                                                         If you answer "no" to either question, you
                                                                       should follow the usage directions on the
                                                                       pesticide product label.

How To Use This Information
1) On the county map, find the specific shading pattern(s)
    in or near the area where you intend to apply pesticides.

2) Read the descriptor under the Shading Key for the
   pattern(s) to identify the specific area involved.

3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the
   active ingredient in the pesticide you intend to apply.

4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient name
   and under the shading pattern(s) that apply to you.

5) When using the pesticide,  find the code(s) described
   under "Limitations on Pesticide Use" and follow the
   limitation given.

6) If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient
   or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with
   more than one shading pattern (species), multiple codes
   may apply. If so, you should follow the most restrictive

7) Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift in
   this pamphlet.
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pa tern
All Other Uses


Limitations on Pesticide Use
   1  Do not apply this pesticide within 20 yards from
      the edge of water within the shaded area siown
      on the map for ground applications, nor within
      100 yards for aerial applications.
  43  Do not apply this pesticide within 100 yard;5 from
      the edge of water within the shaded area siown
      on the map for ground applications, nor within
      1/4 mile for aerial applications.
  63  Do not apply this pesticide within the shaded
      area shown on the map, within 1000 feet o' the
      shaded area  for ground applications, nor within
      1 mile for aerial applications. When using in a
      rice field which drains into the shaded area, do
      not flood the field for 3 days after the application.
      Once flooded, allow  7 days to pass until th 3 field
      is drained.

Hot Spring County, Arkansas
                 County Border
                 County Seat
                 City, Town

                 U.S. Highway
                 River, Stream, Creek
                 Lake, Reservoir
0           5 mi
I   ...  ,  I
I  ' '  ' '  I
0       5 km
      W-\  Freshwater mollusks [Pink mucket pearly mussel, Lampsilis abrupta].

                                     Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatenel species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide o.a the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pe:;ticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides shoul 1 be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high wi:ids.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using tiae largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.

        For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Washington, DC 20460
     Official Business
     Penally for Private Use