United States
                      Environmental Protection
                      Agency
                               Pesticides and        !
                               Toxic Substances (7506C)
EPA-735-K-95-013
April 1995
WMMMHMl

Protecting  Endangered
Species
Interim  Measures
Howard County, Arkansas
                          The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                          what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                          Agency (EPA) expects to distribute'once our
                     Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                     effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                     law at this time, but are being provided now for
                     your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                     threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                     use. We encourage you to use this information.
                     We also welcome your comments.

                       The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                     protect and promote recovery of animals and
                     plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                     to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                     must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                     not result in harm to the species listed as
                     endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                     Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                     species' survival. To implement the Endangered
                     Species Protection Program, labels of certain
                     pesticides will direct users to bulletins similar to
                     this sample pamphlet. This program will protect
                     endangered and threatened species from harm due
                     to pesticide use.
                       EPA requests your comments regarding the
                     information presented in this publication. Please
                     let us know whether the information is clear and
                     correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                     recommended measures would affect you typical
                     pesticide use or productivity. This information
                     will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                     of program development.

                                        Please submit comments to:
                                      Interim Endangered Species
                                      Protection Program (7506C)
                                                     US. EPA
                                              401 M Street, SW
                                         Washington, DC  20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
contains at least 50% recycled fiber
                                           About This Publication

                                            This publication contains a County Map
                                           showing the Area within the county where
                                           pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
                                           species. These areas are identified on the'map by
                                           a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
                                           corresponds to a species in need of protection.
                                            The Shading Key shows the name of the species
                                           that each shaded pattern represents and often
                                           describes the shaded area. The area may be
                                           described in terms of Township, Range, and
                                           Section or by giving details about the habitat of
                                           the species.
                                            The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
                                          Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
                                          which there should be limitations on use to
                                          protect certain species. The next columns are
                                          headed by:the shaded pattern of the species with
                                          Codes listed underneath them.
                                           The Code indicates the specific limitation that is
                                          necessary to protect the species. The section titled
                                          Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the code.

                                          Does This Information Apply to You?

                                           To determine whether this information applies
                                          to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
                                          below. The information applies only if you
                                          answer "yes" to both questions:
                                            Do you intend to use pesticides within or
                                             near the shaded area on the county map?
                                            Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
                                             panel of your pesticide product label named
                                             in the "Table of Pesticide Active
                                             Ingredients"?
                                           If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
                                          should follow the instructions  on "How to Use
                                          This Information" to determine if you should
                                          limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
                                          species.
                                           If you answer "no" to either question, you
                                          should follow the usage directions on the
                                          pesticide product label.

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How To Use This Information
1) On the county map, find the specific shading pattern(s) in or near the area where you intend to apply pesticides.

2) Read the descriptor under the Shading Key for the pattern(s) to identify the specific area involved.

3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the active ingredient in the pesticide you intend to apply.

4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient name and under the shading pattern(s) that apply to you.

5) When using the pesticide,  find the code(s) described under "Limitations on Pesticide Use" and follow the limitation .pven.

6) If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in an  area with more than one
   shading pattern (species), multiple codes  may apply.  If so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.

7) Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift in this pamphlet.                                 	
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern
Active Ingredient
                                                                                             Shading Pattern

AZINPHOS-METHYL
BENOMYL
CAPTAN
CARBARYL
CARBOFURAN (granular)
CARBOFURAN (non-granular)
CHLOROTHALONIL (granular)
CHLOROTHALONIL (non-granular)
CHLORPYRIFOS
Alfalfa
All Other Uses Except
as a Termiticide
DIAZINON
Granular Formulations and
Soil-incorporated Liquids
Liquids not Soil-incorporated
DIFLUBENZURON
DIMETHOATE
DISULFOTON
Granular Formulations and
Soil-incorporated Liquids
Liquids not Soil-incorporated
Limitations on Pesticide Use
1
Code TAR*
3 5 - FLURIDONE
'l - MALATHION
1 - MANCOZEB
3 -- METHOMYL
199 0.7 METHOPRENE
1 - METHYL PARATHION
1 - NALED
199 2.8 OXYFLUORFEN (granular)
OXYFLUORFEN (non-granular)
43 -- PHOSMET
PROPACHLOR (granular)
3,20 - PROPACHLOR (non-granular)
PYRETHRINS
THIOPHANATE-METHYL
2 - TRICHLORFON (granular)
3 - TRICHLORFON (non-granular)
1 - TRIFLURALIN (granular)
3,5 - TRIFLURALIN (non-granular)
2
3

l__
Code
20
3,5,20
199
5,399
20
3,5,20
3,5
1
199
1
199
199
3,5,20
1
2
399
1
199

_J1
TAR*
075
02
{
075
13
04
3,5
0.5

     1 Do not apply this pesticide within 20 yards from the edge of water within the shaded area shown on the map for
       ground applications, nor within 100 yards for aerial applications.
     2 Do not apply this pesticide within 40 yards from the edge of water within the shaded area shown on the map for
       ground applications, nor within 200 yards for aerial applications.
     3 Do not apply this pesticide within 100 yards from the edge of water within the shaded area shown on the map for
       ground applications, nor within V&, mile for aerial applications.
     5 Do not apply ultra low volume (ULV) applications within 1 mile from the shaded portion of the stream jihown on
       the map.
    20 Do not apply directly to water within the shaded area shown on the map.
    43 Do not apply this pesticide within 100 yards from the edge of water within the shaded area shown on the map for
       ground applications, nor within V4 mile for aerial applications.
   199 Do not apply this pesticide above the threshold application rate (TAR) indicated within 20 yards from the edge of
       water within the shaded area shown on the map for ground applications, nor within 100 yards for aerial applica-
       tions.
   399 Do not apply this pesticide above the threshold application rate (TAR) indicated within 100 yards from tho edge of
       water within the shaded area shown on the map for ground applications, nor within V4 mile for aerial applica-
       tions.
 *TAR - Threshold Application Rate (Pounds of active ingredients per acre per application)

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Howard County, Arkansas
                   N
                  LEGEND
                    County Border
                      County Seat
                      City, Town
                      State Highway

                      River, Stream. Creek
                      Lake, Reservoir
               0        5 mi
                I ...  i .  i
                I ' ' ' ')
               0     5 km
SHADING KEY
       j
        Leopard darter (fish), Percina pantherina.
                                                                             NASHVILLE

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                                     Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Runoff
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is e;qpected.
Drift
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.
         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
 &EPA
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Agency
      (7506C)
      Washington, DC 20460

      Official Business
      Penalty for Private Use
      $300

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