United States
                             Environmental Protection
                                                            Pesticides and
                                                            Toxic Substances (7506C)
                           April 1995
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                              Protecting  Endangered
                             Interim  Measures
                             Poinsett County, Arkansas
                                 he information in this pamphlet is similar to
                                 what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                                 Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                            Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                            effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                            law at this time, but are being provided now for
                            your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                            threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                            use. We encourage you to use this information.
                            We also welcome your comments.

                             The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                            protect and promote recovery of animals and
                            plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                            to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                            must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                            not result in harm to the species listed as
                            endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                            Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                            species' survival. To implement the Endangered
                            Species Protection Program, labels of certain
                            pesticides will direct users to bulletins similar to
                            this sample pamphlet. This program will protect
                            endangered and threatened species from harm due
                            to pesticide use.
                             EPA requests your comments regarding the
                            information presented in this publication. Please
                            let us know whether the information is clear and
                            correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                            recommended measures would affect you typical
                            pesticide use or productivity. This information
                            will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                            of program development.

                                               Please submit comments to:
                                            Interim Endangered Species
                                            Protection Program (7506C)
                                                           US. EPA
                                                     401 M Street, SW
                                                Washington, DC 20460
       Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
       contains at least 50% recycled fiber
  About This Publication

   This publication contains a County Map
  showing the Area within the county where
  pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
  species. These areas are identified on the map by
  a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
  corresponds to a species in need of protection.
   The Shading Key shows the name of the species
  that each shaded pattern represents and often
  describes the shaded area. The area may be
  described in terms of Township, Range, and
  Section or by giving details about the habitat of
  the species.
  The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
 Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
 which there should be limitations on use to
 protect certain species. The next columns are
 headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
 Codes listed underneath them.
  The Code indicates the specific limitation that is
 necessary to protect the species. The section titled
 Limitation!; on Pesticide Use explains the code.

 Does This Information Apply to You?

  To determine whether this information applies
 to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
 below. The information applies only if you
 answer "yes" to both questions:
   Do you intend to use pesticides within or
    near the shaded area on the county map?
   Are an y of the ingredients listed on the front
    panel of your pesticide product label named
    in the 'Table of Pesticide Active
  If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
 should follow the instructions on "How to Use
 This Information" to determine if you should
 limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
  If you answer "no" to either question, you
 should follow the usage directions on the
pesticide product label.

How To Use This Information
I) On the county map, find the specific shading pattern(s)
    in or near the area where you intend to apply pesticides.

2) Read the descriptor under the Shading Key for the
   pattern(s) to identify the specific area involved.

3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the
   active ingredient in the pesticide you intend to apply.

4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient name
   and under the shading pattem(s) that apply to you.

5) When using the pesticide, find the code(s) described
   under "Limitations on Pesticide Use" and follow the
   limitation given.
6) If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient
   or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with
   more than one shading  pattern  (species), multiple codes
   may apply. If so, you should follow the most restrictive
7) Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift in
    this pamphlet.
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern
  All Other Uses

Limitations on Pesticide Use	

    1   Do not apply this pesticide within 20 yards from
       the edge of water within the shaded area shown
       on the map for ground applications, noi within
       100 yards for aerial applications.
   63  Do not apply this pesticide within the shaded
       area shown on the map, within 1000 feet of the
       shaded area for ground applications, nor within
       1 mile for aerial applications. When using in a
       rice field which drains  into the shaded area, do
       not  flood the field for 3 days after the application.
       Once flooded, allow 7 days to pass until She field
       is drained.	

 Poinsett County, Arkansas
   	  County Border
          County Seat
          City, Town

            U.S., State Highway
i i  i i i i  i i   Railroad
            River, Stream, Ditch
            Lake, Reservoir
                                                      St. Francis River ^
                                       Burlington Northern Railroad.
                                                                          Right Hand Chute
                                                                            of Little  River
                      5 mi
                  5 km
       J  Freshwater mollusks [Fat pocketbook, Potamilus (=Proptera) capax].

                                     Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.

Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion,  such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without :iuch
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is ejected.

Wtad direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volomes
will also result in less drift.
         For the Protection of Your Land,  Always Read and Follow Label Directions
       United States
       Environmental Protection
       Washington, DC 20460
       Official Business
       Penalty for Private Use