United States
                             Environmental Protection
                                Pesticides and
                                Toxic Substances (7506C)
                         April .1995
           n«WN hg* *

         feUlfi«J? J A
 Protecting   Endangered
 Interim  Measures
 Saline County, Arkansas
     The information in this pamphlet is similar to
     what the U.S. Environmental Protection
     Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
Endangered Species Protection Program is in
effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
law at this time, but are being provided now for
your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
threatened species from harm due to pesticide
use. We encourage you to use this information.
We also welcome your comments.

  The Endangered Species Act is intended to
protect and promote recovery of animals and
plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
not result in harm to the species listed as
endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
species' survival. To implement the Endangered
Species Protection Program, labels of certain
pesticides will direct users to bulletins  similar to
this sample pamphlet. This program will protect
endangered and threatened species from harm due
to pesticide use.
  EPA requests your comments regarding the
information presented in this publication. Please
let us know whether the information is  clear and
correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
recommended measures would affect you typical
pesticide use or productivity. This information
will be considered by EPA during the final stages
of program development.

                    Please submit comments to:
                                             Interim Endangered Species
                                             Protection Program (7506C)
                                                           U.S. EPA
                                                     401 M Street, SW
                                                Washington, DC 20460
       Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
       contains at least 50% recycled fiber
 About ITiis Publication

  This publication contains a County Map
 showing the Area within the county where
 pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
 species. These areas are identified on the map by
 a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
 corresponds to a species in need of protection.
  The Shading Key shows the name of the species
 that each shaded pattern represents and often
 describes the shaded area. The area may be
 described in terms of Township, Range, and
 Section or by giving details about the habitat of
 the species.
  The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
 Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
 which there should be limitations on use to
 protect certain species. The next columns are
 headed by the shaded pattern of the species  with
 Codes listed underneath them.
  The Code indicates the specific limitation that is
 necessary to protect the species. The section titled
 Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the code.

 Does This Information Apply to You?

  To determine whether this information applies
 to your use. of a pesticide, review the questions
 below. The information applies only if you
 answer "yes" to both questions:
 •   Do you intend to use pesticides within or
    near the shaded area on the county map?
 •   Are any of the ingredients listed on the  front
    panel of your pesticide product label named
    in the "Table of Pesticide Active
 If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
 should follow the instructions on "How to Use
 This Information" to determine if you should
 limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
 If you aniswer "no" to either question, you
 should follow the usage directions on the
pesticide product label.

How To Use This Information
1) On the county map, find the specific shading pattern(s)
    in or near the area where you intend to apply pesticides.

2) Read the descriptor under the Shading Key for the
   pattern(s) to identify the specific area involved.
3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the
   active ingredient in the pesticide you intend to apply.

4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient name
   and under the shading pattem(s) that apply to you.

5) When using the pesticide,  find the code(s) described
   under "Limitations on Pesticide Use" and follow the
   limitation given.
6) If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient
   or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with
   more than  one shading pattern (species), multiple codes
   may apply. If so, you should follow the most restrictive
7) Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift in
   this pamphlet.
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern
    F~~   ifl
    I      .11
Limitations on Pesticide Use
   1  Do not apply this pesticide within 20 yard.1; from
      the edge of water within the shaded area shown
      on the map for ground applications, nor within
      100 yards for aerial applications.
  43 Do not apply this pesticide within 100 yards from
      the edge of water within the shaded area shown
      on the map for ground applications, nor within
      VA mile for aerial applications.	

 Saline County, Arkansas
                  County Border
                  County Seat
                  City, Town

                  Interstate, State Highway
                  Park, Reservation,
                    Forest, Monument
                  River, Stream, Creek
                  Lake, Reservoir

          Freshwater mollusks [Arkansas fatmucket, Lampsilis powelli].

                                     Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesucide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels  are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high wir/ds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.

         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Washington, DC 20460
      Official Business
      Penalty for Private Use