United States
                     Environmental Protection
                     Agency	
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (7506C)
EPA-735-K-95-031
April 1995
                     Protecting   Endangered
                     Species                                       ^>
                     Interim  Measures
                     St. Francis County,  Arkansas
                         The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                         what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                         Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                    Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                    effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                    law at this time, but are being provided now for
                    your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                    threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                    use. We encourage you to use this information.
                    We also welcome your comments.

                      The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                    protect and promote recovery of animals and
                    plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                    to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                    must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                    not result in harm to the species listed as
                    endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                    Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                    species' survival. To implement the Endangered
                    Species Protection Program, labels of certain
                    pesticides will direct users to bulletins similar to
                    this sample pamphlet. This program will protect
                    endangered and threatened species from harm due
                    to pesticide use.
                      EPA requests your comments regarding the
                    information presented in this publication. Please
                    let us know whether the information is clear and
                    correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                    recommended measures would affect you typical
                    pesticide use or productivity. This information
                    will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                    of program development.

                                        Please submit comments to:
                                      Interim Endangered Species
                                      Protection Program (7506C)
                                                    U.S. EPA
                                              401 M Street, SW
                                         Washington, DC 20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
contains at least 50% recycled liber
            About This Publication

             This publication contains a County Map
            showing the Area within the county where
            pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
            species. These areas are identified on the map by
            a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
            corresponds to a species in need of protection.
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
            that each shaded pattern represents and often
            describes toe shaded area. The area may be
            described in terms of Township, Range, and
            Section or by giving details about the habitat of
            the species.
             The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
            Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
            which there should be limitations on use to
            protect certain species. The next columns are
            headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
            Codes listed underneath them.
             The Code indicates the specific limitation that is
            necessary to protect the species. The section titled
            Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the code.

            Does Thiis Information Apply to You?

             To determine whether this information applies
            to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
            below. The: information applies only if you
            answer "yes" to both questions:
              Do you intend to use pesticides within or
               near the shaded area on the county map?
              Are an y of the ingredients listed on the front
               panel of your pesticide product label named
               in the "'Table of Pesticide Active
               Ingredients"?
             If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
            should follow the instructions on "How to Use
            This Information" to determine if you should
            limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
            species.
             If you answer "no" to either question, you
            should follow the usage directions on the
            pesticide product label.

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How To Use This Information
1) On the county map, find the specific shading pattern(s)
    in or near the area where you intend to apply pesticides.

2) Read the descriptor under the Shading Key for the
   pattcrn(s) to identity the specific area involved.

3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the
   active ingredient in the pesticide you intend to apply.

4) Locate the code to the right of the active ingredient name
   and under the shading pattern(s) that apply to you.

5) When using the pesticide, find the code(s) described
   under "Limitations on Pesticide Use" and follow  the
   limitation given.

6) If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient
   or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with
   more than  one shading pattern (species), multiple codes
   may apply. If so, you should follow the most restrictive
   limitation.

7) Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift in
   this pamphlet.
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern
    i     "^n
    I	IB
      Code
CHLORPYRIFOS
Alfalfa
Apples
IPRODIONE
PROPICONAZOLE
Rice
All Other Uses

43
41
63

63
1
Limitations on Pesticide Use
Codes/Limitations
   1  Do not apply this pesticide within 20 yards from
      the edge of water within the shaded area shown
      on the map for ground applications, no' within
      100 yards for aerial applications.
  41  Do not apply this pesticide within 1/4 mile from
      the edge of water within the shaded area shown
      on the map for ground applications, no-within
      1/2 mile for aerial applications.
  43  Do not apply this pesticide within 100 ya 'ds from
      the edge of water within the shaded area shown
      on the map for ground applications, no-within
      1/4 mile for aerial applications.
  63  Do not apply this pesticide within the she ded
      area shown on the map, within 1000 feet of the
      shaded area for  ground applications, nor within
      1 mile for aerial applications. When using  in a
      rice field which drains into the shaded a-ea, do
      not flood the field for 3 days after the application.
      Once flooded, allow 7 days to pass until Ihe field
      is drained.

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St. Francis County, Arkansas
         LEGEND
    	  County Border
           County Seat
            City, Town

             Interstate Highway

           River, Stream, Ditch
        4mi
0    4 km
                                     Clark Corner Cutoff
                                         St. Francis River
                                         Diversion Ditch
SHADING  KEY
i       I  Freshwater moilusks [Fat pocketbook, Potamilus (=Proptera) capax].

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                                     Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatene 1 species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Runoff
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods aiso
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is e qpected.
Drift
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high wi ads.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result hi less drift.

         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
 &EPA
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Agency
      (7506C)
      Washington, DC 20460
      Official Business
      Penalty for Private Use
      $300

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