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                    United States
                    Environmental Protection
                    Agency	
                               Pesticides and
                               Toxic Substances (H7506C)
                         EPA-735-K-97-005
                         February, 1997
                    Protecting  Endangered
                    Species
                    Interim  Measures
                    Bellinger County,  Missouri
    The information in this pamphlet is similar to
    what the U.S. Environmental Protection
    Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
Endangered Species Protection Program is in
effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
law at this time, but are being provided now for
your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
threatened species from harm due to pesticide
use. We encourage you to use this information.
We also welcome your comments.

  The Endangered Species Act is intended to
protect and promote recovery of animals and
plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
not result in harm to the species listed as
endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
species' survival. To implement the Endangered
Species Protection Program, labels of certain
pesticides will direct users to bulletins similar to
this sample pamphlet. This program will protect
endangered and threatened species from harm due
to pesticide use.
  EPA requests your comments regarding the
information presented in this publication. Please
let us know whether the information is clear and
correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
recommended measures would affect you typical
pesticide use or productivity. This information
will be considered by EPA during the final stages
of program development.

                   Please submit comments to:
                                    Interim Endangered Species
                                    Protection Program (7506C)
                                                   U.S. EPA
                                             401M Street, SW
                                        Washington, DC 20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Printed on paper that contains
at least 50% recycled fiber
About This Publication

  This publication contains a County Map
showing the Area within the county where
pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
species. These areas are identified on the map by
a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
corresponds to a species in need of protection.
  The Shading Key shows the name of the species
that each shaded pattern represents and often
describes the shaded area. The area may be
described in terms of Township, Range,  and
Section or by giving details about the habitat of
the species.
  The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
which there should be limitations on use to
protect certain species. The next columns are
headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
Codes listed underneath them.
  The Code indicates the specific limitation that is
necessary to protect the species. The section titled
Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the code.

Does This Information Apply to You?

  To determine whether this information applies
to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
below. The information applies only if you
answer "yes" to both questions:
   Do you intend to use pesticides within or
    near the shaded area on the county map?
   Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
    panel of your pesticide product label named
    in the "Table of Pesticide Active
    Ingredients"?
  If you answer "yes" to both questions,  you
should follow the instructions on "How to Use
This Information" to determine if you should
limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
species.
  If you answer "no" to either question, you
should follow the usage directions on the
pesticide product label.

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                                           Bellinger County
                                        Pesticide Use Limitations
                                   to protect Curtis' Pearly Mussel
   How To Use This Information
1)  On the county map, find the specific shading pattern(s) that cover, or are close to the area where you will apply pesticides.
2)  Read the descriptor in the Shading Key for those pattern(s); this may further identify the area involved and will indicate the
    species.
3)  In the table(s) of pesticide Active-Ingredients, locate the product or the active ingredients in, the pesticide product you intend to
    apply.
4)  When using any of the identified pesticides, you should follow the limitations indicated on the table.  On some of the tables the
    use Hmitation(s) will be the same for all chemicals and on others there may be a code referring you to different use limitations.
5)  If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with more than one
    shaded pattern (species), multiple limitation(s) may apply. If so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.
6)  Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift on the back of this pamphlet.
ACTIVE
INGREDIENT
Chlorpyrifos on
Alfalfa
Chlorpyrifos: all other
uses except on Alfalfa,
or as a Termiticide
Benomyl
Carbaryl
Diazlnon
Dicofol
Dimethoate
Disulfoton
Malathion
Naled
Parathion (ethyl)
Phosmet
Propiconazole
Pyrethrins
Trichlorfon
PRODUCT OR TRADE
NAME
Lorsban
Lorsban, Dursban, Pageant
Benlate, Tersan 1991
Sevin, Sevimol
Diazinon, D-z-n
Kelthane
Cygon
Di-Syston
Cythion
Dibrom
Parathion, Paraspray
Imidan
Tilt, Orbit, Banner
Pyrellin, Pyrenone,
Pyrethrum, and others
Dylox, Proxol
LIMITATIONS
Do not apply 100 yards from the water's edge (ground
application) nor V4 mile from the water's edge (aerial
application) within the shaded area(s) shown on the map.
Do not apply 20 yards from the water's edge (ground
application) nor 100 yards from the water's edge (aerial
application) within the shaded area(s) shown on the map
and 1A mile up all streams joining the shaded area(s).
                      Trade names provided by the University of Missouri Extension Service.
                    For additional information, contact your local University Extension office.

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BOLLINGER  COUNTY,  MISSOURI
         LEGEND
              County Border
              County Seat
              City, Town
              State or Other Highway
              River
          N
                                      3 ml
                               0    3km
SHADING KEY
         Freshwater mollusks [Curtis' pearly
         shaded area(s) shown on the map is the Castor

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                                     Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Runoff
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour |plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.
Drift
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most important^, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.

         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
 xvEPA
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Agency
      (7506C)
      Washington, DC 20460
      Official Business
      Penalty for Private Use
      $300

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