United States
                      Environmental Protection
                      Agency
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (7506C)
EPA-735-K-97-022
February, 1997
                      Protecting  Endangered
                      Species
                      Interim  Measures
                      Lewis County, Missouri
                         The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                         what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                         Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                     Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                     effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                     law at this time, but are being provided now for
                     your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                     threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                     use. We encourage you to use this information.
                     We also welcome your comments.

                       The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                     protect and promote recovery of animals and
                     plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                     to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                     must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                     not result in harm to the species listed as
                     endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                     Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                     species' survival. To implement the Endangered
                     Species Protection Program, labels of certain
                     pesticides will direct users to bulletins similar to
                     this sample pamphlet. This program will protect
                     endangered and threatened species from harm due
                     to pesticide use.
                       EPA requests your comments regarding the
                     information presented in this publication. Please
                     let us know whether the information is clear and
                     correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                     recommended measures would affect you typical
                     pesticide use or productivity. This information
                     will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                     of program development.

                                        Please submit comments to:
                                      Interim Endangered Species
                                      Protection Program (7506C)
                                                     U.S. EPA
                                               401M Street, SW
                                          Washington, DC 20460
Recycled/Recyclable
^Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
contains at least 50% recycled fiber
            About This Publication

             This publication contains a County Map
            showing the Area within the county where
            pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
            species. These areas are identified on the map by
            a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
            corresponds to a species hi need of protection.
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
            that each shaded pattern represents and often
            describes the shaded area. The area may be
            described in terms of Township, Range, and
            Section or by giving details about the habitat of
            the species.
             The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
            Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
            which there should be limitations on use to
            protect certain species. The next columns are
            headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
            Codes listed underneath them.
             The Code indicates the specific limitation that is
            necessary to protect the species. The section titled
            Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the code.

            Does This Information Apply to You?

             To determine whether this information applies
            to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
            below. The information applies only if you
            answer "yes" to both questions:
              Do you intend to use pesticides within or
               near the shaded area on the county map?
              Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
               panel of your pesticide product label named
               in the "Table of Pesticide Active
               Ingredients"?
             If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
            should follow the instructions on "How to Use
            This Information" to determine if you should
            limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
            species.
             If you answer "no" to either question, you
            should follow the usage directions on the
            pesticide product label.

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                                            Lewis County
                                     Pesticide Use Limitation
                            to protect the Fat Pocketbook Mussel
How To Use This Information
1) On the county map, find the specific shading pattern(s) that cover, or are close to the area where you will apply pesticides.
2) Read the descriptor in the Shading Key for those pattern(s); this may further identify the area involved and will indicate the
   species.
3) In the tablc{s) of pesticide Active Ingredients, locate the product or the active ingredients in the pesticide product you
   intend to apply.
4) When using any of the identified pesticides, you should follow the limitations indicated on the table. On some of the tables
   the use limitation(s) will be the same for all chemicals and on others there may be a code referring.you to different use
   limitations.
5) If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with more than
   one shaded pattern (species), multiple limitation(s) may apply.  If so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.
6) Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift on the back of this pamphlet.
ACTIVE
INGREDIENT
Propiconazole
PRODUCT OR
TRADE NAME
Tilt, Orbit, Banner
LIMITATIONS
Do not apply 20 yards from the water's edge (ground
application) nor 100 yards from the water's edge (aerial
application) within the shaded area(s) shown on the map.
                   Trade names provided by the University of Missouri Extension Service.
                 For additional information, contact your local University Extension office.

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LEWIS COUNTY,  MISSOURI
                  LEGEND
                      County Border
                      County Seat
                      City, Town
                      U.S., State or Other
                        Highway
                      River, Stream, Creek
                                                                                             Buzzard Island
   Island

  Island

  Goose
Island
                                                                                            Polly Island


                                                                                            Nelson  Island
SHADING  KEY
          Freshwater mollusks [Fat pocketbook, Potamilus (=Proptera) capax]. The shaded area shown on the
          map is on the Mississippi River from the southern end of the island on the northwest side of Buzzard Island
          to the northern end of Nelson Island.

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                                      Reducing Runoff and Drift
 Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
 to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful hi keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
 field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
 Runoff
 Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
 reduce pesticide runoff.
 Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
 into the soil.
 Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
 Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.
 Drift
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
 applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.

         For the Protection of Your Land, Always  Read and Follow Label Directions
xvEPA
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Agency
      (7506C)
      Washington, DC 20460
      Official Business
      Penalty for Private Use
      $300

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