United States
                      Environmental Protection
                      Agency	
                                Pesticides and
                                Toxic Substances (7506C)
                          EPA-735-K.-97-Q24
                          February, 1997
  tes
                      Protecting   Endangered
                      Species
                      Interim  Measures
                      Cherokee County, Alabama
     The information in this pamphlet is similar to
     what the U.S. Environmental Protection
     Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
 Endangered Species Protection Program is in
 effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
 law at this time, but are being provided now for
 your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
 threatened species from harm due to pesticide
 use. We encourage you to use this information.
 We also welcome your comments.

  The Endangered Species Act is intended to
 protect and promote recovery of animals and
 plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
 to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
 must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
 not result in harm to the species listed as
 endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
 Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
 species' survival. To implement the Endangered
 Species Protection Program, labels of certain
 pesticides will direct users to bulletins similar to
 this sample pamphlet. This program will protect
 endangered and threatened species from harm due
 to pesticide use.
  EPA requests your comments regarding the
 information presented in this publication. Please
 let us know whether the information is clear and
correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
recommended measures would affect you typical
pesticide use or productivity. This information
will be considered by EPA during the final stages
of program development.

                   Please submit comments to:
                                      Interim Endangered Species
                                      Protection Program (7506C)
                                                    U.S. EPA
                                              401 M Street, SW
                                         Washington, DC 20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on paper thai
contains at least 50% recycled fiber
 About This Publication

   This publication contains a County Map
 showing the Area within the county where
 pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
 species. These areas are identified on the map by
 a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
 corresponds to a species in need of protection.
   The Shading Key shows the name of the species
 that each shaded pattern represents and often
 describes the shaded area. The area may be
 described in terms of Township, Range, and
 Section or by giving details about the habitat of
 the species.
   The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
 Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
 which there should be limitations on use to
 protect certain species. The next columns are
 headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
 Codes listed underneath them.
   The Code indicates the specific limitation that is
 necessary to protect the species. The section titled
 Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the code.

 Does This Information Apply to You?

   To determine whether this information applies
 to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
 below. The information applies only if you
 answer "yes" to both questions:
    Do you intend to use pesticides within or
    near the shaded area on the county map?
    Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
    panel of your pesticide product label named
    in the "Table of Pesticide Active
    Ingredients"?
  If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
 should follow the instructions on "How to Use
 This Information" to determine if you should
 limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
_ species.
 If you answer "no" to either question, you
 should follow the usage directions on the
 pesticide product label.

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How To Use This Information

1) On the county map, find the specific shading patterns that cover, or are close to, the area where you intend to apply pesticides.
2) Read the descriptor in the Shading Key for those patterns; this may further identify the area involved.
3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the active ingredients in the pesiticide you intend to apply.
4) Locate the codes to the right of the active ingredient name and under the shading patterns that apply to you.
5) When using the pesticide, you should follow the limitations indicated for those codes described under "Limitations on Pesticide
   Use."
6) If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with more than one
   shaded pattern (species), multiple codes may apply. If so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.
7) Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift on the back of this pamphlet.
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
                               SHADING KEY
Active Ingredient
Shading Pattern
V7/
2
c
2,4-D (all forms)
AMITROLE
AMMONIUM SULFAMATE
ATRAZINE
CACODYLICACID
CLOPYRALID
DAZOMET
DICAMBA (all forms)
DICHLOBENIL
D1CHLORPROP (2.4-DP)
ENQU1K
EPIC
FJLURIDONE
FOSAMINE-AMMONIUM
GLYPHOSATE
HEXAZINONE
MCPA (all forms)
OXYFLUORFEN
PARAQUAT
PICLORAM (all forms)
SIMAZINE
TEBUTHIURON
'///A
'//A
lode
29 '
29
29
29
29
29
29
29
29
29
29
29
29
29
1 	 1
1 1
Code
29
29
29
29
29
29
29
29
29
29
14b
29
20b
29
29
29
29
33a
29
29
29
29
KVvVv-v]
kww.1
Code
29
29
29
29
29
29
29
14b
29
20b
29
29
29
29
29
29
 Limitations On Pesticide Use
 Codes/Limitations
  14b Do not apply this pesticide in the species habitat
      (described under the Shading Key), nor within
      100 feet of the habitat.
  20b Do not apply directly to water within the shaded
      area, including streams at the boundaries of
      the shaded area.
   29 Do not apply this pesticide in the species habitat
      (described under the Shading Key).  In addi-
      tion, for ground applications do not apply
      w'rthin 20 yards of the habitat, nor within 100
      yards for aerial applications.
  33a Do not apply this pesticide in the species habitat
      (described under the Shading Key), nor within
      V4 mile of the habitat.
 I Alabama leather flower, Clematis socialis
  (Ranunculaceae, the buttercup family).
  Within the shaded area shown on the
  map, pesticide use limitations only apply
  in and around the species habitat. The
  habitat consists of moist, grassy openings
  found in the following areas: pastures,
  along cleared rights-of-way (such  as
  highways, gas pipelines, and power lines),
  and in pine/hardwood bottoms adjacent to
  cleared rights-of-way.

J Green pitcher-plant, Sarracenia
  oreophila (Sarraceniaceae, the pitcher-
  plant family).  Within the shaded area
  shown on the map, pesticide use
  limitations only apply in and around the
  species habitat. The habitat consists of
  seepy meadows and wet pastures.

 I Mohr's Barbara's buttons, Marshallia
  mohrii (Asteraceae, the aster family).
  Within the shaded area shown on the
  map, pesticide use limitations only apply
  in and around the species habitat. The
  habitat consists of moist, grassy openings
  that are found in mature woodlands and
  beside shale-bedded streams.

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Cherokee County, Alabama
                                                                            .Ballptay Creek
                                                                                           Little River
                                                                                       Wildlife Management
                                                                                             Area
          N
                   LEGEND
                       County Border
                       County Seat
                       City
                       U.S., State or
                         Other Highway
          	Park,  Reservation,
                         Forest, Monument
                       River,  Stream, Creek
                       Lake,  Reservoir
                                                     4-mi
                                                     j
                                                  4km

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                                     Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Runoff
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.

Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.
         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow  Label Directions
 xvEPA
       United States
       Environmental Protection
       Agency
       (7506C)
       Washington, DC 20460
       Official Business
       Penalty for Private Use
       $300

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