United States .
                      Environmental Protection
                      Agency	. '
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (7506C)
EPA-735-K-97-032
February, 1997
                      Protecting  Endangered
                      Species
                      Interim  Measures
                      Stone County, Missouri
                         The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                         what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                         Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                     Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                     effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                     law at this time, but are being provided now for
                     your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                     threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                     .use. We encourage you to use this information.
                     We also welcome your comments.

                      The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                     protect and promote recovery of animals and
                     plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                     to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                     must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                     not result in harm to the species listed as
                     endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                     Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                     species' survival. To implement the Endangered
                     Species Protection Program, labels of certain
                     pesticides will direct users to bulletins similar to
                     this sample pamphlet. This program will protect
                     endangered and threatened species from harm due
                     to pesticide use.         '
                      EPA requests your comments regarding the
                     information presented in this publication. Please
                     let us know whether the information is clear and
                     correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                     recommended measures would affect you typical
                     pesticide use or productivity. This information
                     will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                     of program development.

                                        Please submit comments to:
                                      Interim Endangered Species
                                      Protection Program (7506C)
                                                     U.S. EPA
                                              401M Street, SW
                                         Washington, DC 20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Primed with Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
contains at least 50% recycled fiber
           About This Publication

             This publication contains a County Map
           showing the Area within the county where
           pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
           species. These areas are identified on the map by
           a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern 
           corresponds to a species in need of protection.
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
           that each shaded pattern represents and often
           describes the shaded area. The area may be
           described hi terms of Township, Range, and
           Section or by giving details about the habitat of
           the species.
             The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
           Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
           which there should be limitations on use to
           protect certain species. The next columns are
           headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
           Codes listed underneath them.
             The Code indicates the specific limitation that is
           necessary to protect the species. The section titled
           Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the code.

           Does This Information Apply to You?

             To determine whether this information applies
           to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
           below. The information applies only if you
           answer "yes" to both questions:
              Do you intend to use pesticides within or
               near the shaded area on the county map?
              Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
               panel of your pesticide product label named
               in the "Table of Pesticide Active
               Ingredients"?
            If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
           should follow the instructions on "How to Use
           This Information" to determine if you should
           limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
           species.
            If you answer "no" to either question, you
           should follow the usage directions on the
           pesticide product label.

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                                             Stone County
                                     Pesticide Use Limitations
                                 to protect the Ozark Cavefish
How To Use This Information
1) On the county map, find the specific shading pattern(s) that cover, or are close to the area where you will apply pesticides.
2) Read the descriptor in the Shading Key for those pattern(s); this may further identify the area involved and will indicate the
   species.
3) In the table(s) of pesticide Active Ingredients, locate the product or the active ingredients in the pesticide product you
   intend to apply.
4) When using any of the identified pesticides, you should follow the limitations indicated on the table.  On some of the tables
   the use limitation(s) will be the same for all chemicals and on others there may be a code referring you to different use
   limitations.
5) If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with more than
   one shaded pattern (species), multiple limitation(s) may apply. If so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.
6) Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift on the back of this pamphlet.
Do not apply these pesticides within 20 yards (ground application) or within 100 yards (aerial application)
of the edge of caverns, sinkholes, and surface waters. Pesticide use limitations only apply at specific site
locations within the shaded area(s) shown on the map. Contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service at 573-
876-1911 to determine if these pesticide use limitations apply to your site within the shaded area(s). (If a
pesticide management plan has been developed for your property, the conditions of the plan take precedence
over the pesticide use limitations described in this bulletin.)
ACTIVE INGREDIENT
Benomyl
Carbaryl
Chlorpyrifos: all uses except as
a Termiticide
Diazinon
Dicofol
Disulfoton
Endosulfan
Esfenvalerate
Isofenphos
Pendimethalin
Permethrin
Phosmet
Pyrethrins
Thiophanate-methyl
Trichlorfon
Trifluralin
PRODUCT OR TRADE NAME
Benlate, Tersan 1991
Sevin, Sevimol
Lorsban,
Diazinon
Dursban, Pageant
, D-z-n
Kelthane
Di-Syston
Thiodan,
Phaser
Asana
Oftanol
Prowl, Pursuit Plus, Squadron, Pentagon, Pendulum, Pre-M, Stomp
Ambush,
Pounce, Astro
Imidan
Pyrellin,
Pyrenone, Pyrethrum, and others
Banrot, deary's 3336, Domain, Dousan, Fungo, Topsin M, Zyban
Dylox, Proxol
Treflan, Tri-4, Trific, Trilin, Tri-Scept, Commence, Freedom,
Passport, Salute, Snapshot 2.5TG, Team
                   Trade names provided by the University of Missouri Extension Service.
                 For additional information, contact your local University Extension office.

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STONE  COUNTY,  MISSOURI
               LEGEND
                                                                                R23W| R22W
                   County Border
                   County Seat
                   City, Town
                   State or Other
                     Highway
                   River, Stream, Creek
                   Lake, Reservoir
                     3 mi
                  3 km
SHADING KEY
          Ozark Cavefish, Amblyopsis rosae. The shaded area shown on the map is T26N R23W Sec. 26-27, and
          34-35.  Pesticide use limitations apply within this area.

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                                     Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Runoff
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.
Drift
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.
         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
 xvEPA
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Agency
      (7506C)
      Washington, DC 20460
      Official Business
      Penalty for Private Use
      $300

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