United States
                    Environmental Protection
                    Agency	
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (7506G)
EPA-735-K-97-035
February, 1897
                     Protecting   Endangered
                     Species
                     Interim  Measures
                    Wayne County,  Missouri
                        The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                        what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                        Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                    Endangered Species Protection Program is in.
                    effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                    law at this time, but are being provided now for
                    your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                    threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                    use. We encourage you to use this information.
                    We also welcome your comments.,

                      The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                    protect and promote recovery of animals and
                    plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                    to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                    must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                    not result in harm to the species listed as
                    endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                    Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those.
                    species' survival. To implement the Endangered
                    Species Protection Program, labels of certain .
                    pesticides will direct users to bulletins similar to
                    this sample pamphlet. This program will protect
                    endangered and threatened species from harm due
                    to pesticide use.
                      EPA requests your comments regarding the
                    information presented in this publication. Please
                    let us know whether the information is clear and
                    correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                    recommended measures would affect you typical
                    pesticide use or productivity. This information
                    will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                    of program development.

                                       Please submit comments to:
                                     Interim Endangered Species
                                     Protection Program (7506C)
                                                    U.S. EPA
                                              401M Street, SW
                                         Washington, DC 20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
contains at least 50% recycled fiber
            About This Publication

             This publication contains a County Map
            showing the Area within the county where
            pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
            species. These areas are identified on the map by
            a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
            corresponds to a species in need of protection.
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
            that each shaded pattern represents and often
            describes the shaded area. The area may be
            described in terms of Township, Range, and
            Section or by giving details about the habitat of
            the species.
             The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
            Active Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
            which there should be limitations on use to
            protect certain species. The next columns are
            headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
            Codes listed underneath them.
             The Code indicates the specific limitation that is
            necessary to protect the species. The section titled
            Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the code.

            Does This Information Apply to You?

             To determine whether this information applies
            to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
            below. The information applies only if you
            answer "yes" to both questions:
              Do you intend to use pesticides within or
               near the shaded area on the county map?
              Are any of the ingredients listed on trfe front
               panel of your pesticide product label named
               in the  "Table of Pesticide Active       	
               Ingredients"?
             If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
            should follow the instructions on "How to Use
            This Information" to determine if you should
            limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed
            species.
             If you answer "no" to either question, you
            should follow the usage directions on the
            pesticide product label.

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                                           Wayne County

                                     Pesticide Use Limitations
             to protect Curtis' Pearly Mussel and the Pink Mucket Pearly Mussel
                               (on the Black River South of Route 49)


How To Use This Information	


 1) On the county map, find the specific shading pattern(s) that cover, or are close to the area where you will apply pesticides.
2) Read the descriptor in the Shading Key for those pattern(s); this may further identify the area involved and will indicate the
   species.
3) In the table(s) of pesticide Active Ingredients, locate the product or the active ingredients in the pesticide product you
   intend to apply.
4) When using any of the identified pesticides, you should follow the limitations indicated on the table. On some of the tables
   the use limitation(s) will be the same for all chemicals and on others there may be a code referring you to different use
   limitations.
5) If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with more than
   one shaded pattern (species), multiple limitation^) may apply. If so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.
6) Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift on the back of this pamphlet.
ACTIVE
INGREDIENT
Chlorpyrifos on
Alfalfa
Chlorpyrifos: all other
uses except on Alfalfa,
or as a Termiticide
Benomyl
Carbaryl
Diazinon
Dicofol
Dimethoate
Disulfoton
Malathion
Naled
Parathion (ethyl)
Phosmet
Propiconazole1
Pyrethrins
Trichlorfon
PRODUCT OR TRADE
NAME
Lorsban
Lorsban, Dursban, Pageant
Benlate, Tersan 1991
Sevin, Sevimol
Diazinon, D-z-n
Kelthane
Cygon
Di-Syston
Cythion
Dibrom
Parathion, Paraspray
Imidan
Tilt, Orbit, Banner1
Pyrellin, Pyrenone,
Pyrethrum, and others
Dylox, Proxol
LIMITATIONS
Do not apply 100 yards from the water's edge
(ground application) nor 1A mile from the water's
edge (aerial application) within the shaded area(s)
shown on the map.
Do not apply 20 yards from the water's edge
(ground application) nor 100 yards from the
water's edge (aerial application) within the
shaded area(s) and 1A mile up all streams joining
the shaded area(s) shown on the map..
'Propiconazole (Tilt, Orbit, Banner) is also restricted on the Black River north of Route 49 and the St. Francis
River south of Wappapello Dam for the protection of the pink mucket pearly mussel.
                  Trade names provided by the University of Missouri Extension Service.
                 For additional information, contact your local University Extension office.

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WAYNE COUNTY,  MISSOURI
               LEGEND
                 County Border
                    County Seat
                    City, Town
                    U.S.. State or Other
                      Highway
                    Dam
                    River, Stream, Creek
                    Lake, Reservoir
                                                                                N
                                                  3 mi
                                                  I
                                              3km
                                                                                   WAPPAPELLO
                                                                                             St.  Francis River
                                                             Wappapello Dam
SHADING KEY
iiniiminiiiii
iiiiiiiiiiiiiniii
iiiiiiiniiiiiiiii
Freshwater mollusks [Curtis' pearly mussel, Epioblasma (=Dysnomia) florentina curtisi\. The shaded area
shown on the map is on Black River south of Route 49.

Freshwater mollusks [Pink mucket pearly mussel, Lamps/Ills abrupta]. The shaded areas shown on the
map are on St. Francis River and Black river north of Route 49.

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                                     Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Runoff
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.

Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.

Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.
Drift
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Avoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.

         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow  Label Directions
&EPA
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Agency
      (7506C)
      Washington, DC  20460
     Official Business
     Penalty for Private Use
     $300

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