United States
                       Environmental Protection
                       Agency	
Pesticides and
Toxic Substances (7506C)
EPA-735-K-97-037
February, 1997
                       Protecting   Endangered
                       Species
                       Interim  Measures
                       Apache  County, Arizona
                           The information in this pamphlet is similar to
                           what the U.S. Environmental Protection
                           Agency (EPA) expects to distribute once our
                       Endangered Species Protection Program is in
                       effect. The limitations on pesticide use are not
                       law at this time, but are being provided now for
                       your use in voluntarily protecting endangered and
                       threatened species from harm due to pesticide
                       use. We encourage you ttfuse this information.
                       We also welcome your comments.

                        The Endangered Species Act is intended to
                       protect and promote recovery, of animals and
                       plants that are in danger of becoming extinct due
                       to the activities of people. Under the Act, EPA
                       must ensure that use of pesticides it registers will
                       not result in harm to the species listed as
                       endangered or threatened by the U.S. fish and
                       Wildlife Service, or to habitat critical to those
                       species' survival. To implement the Endangered
                       Species Protection Program, labels qf certain
                       pesticides will direct users t6 bulletins similar to
                       this sample pamphlet. This program will protect
                       endangered and threatened species from harm due
                       to pesticide use.
                        EPA requests your comments regarding the
                       information presented in this publication. Please
                       let us know whether the information is clear and
                       correct. Also tell us to what extent following the
                       recommended measures would affect you typical
                       pesticide use or productivity. This information
                       will be considered by EPA during the final stages
                       of program development.

                                         Please submit comments to:
                                       Interim Endangered Species
                                       Protection Program (7506C)
                                                      U.S. EPA
                                                401M Street, SW
                                           Washington, DC 20460
Recycled/Recyclable
Printed with Soy/Canola Ink on paper that
contains at least S0% recycled fiber
            About This Publication

             This publication contains a County Map
            showing the Area within the county where
            pesticide use should be limited to protect listed
            species. These areas are identified on the map by
            a shaded pattern. Each shaded pattern
            corresponds to a species in need of protection.
             The Shading Key shows the name of the species
            that each shaded pattern represents and often
            describes the shaded area. The area may be
            described in terms of Township, Range, and
            Section or by giving details about the habitat of
            the species.
             The first column of the "Table of Pesticide
            Active  Ingredients" lists the active ingredients for
            which there should be limitations on use to
            protect certain species. The next columns are
            headed by the shaded pattern of the species with
            Codes listed underneath them.
             The Code indicates the specific limitation that is
            necessary to protect the species. The section titled
            Limitations on Pesticide Use explains the code.

            Does This Information Apply to You?

             To determine whether this information applies
            to your use of a pesticide, review the questions
            below.  The information applies only if you
            answer "yes" to both questions:
               Do you intend to use pesticides within or
               near the shaded area on the county map?
               Are any of the ingredients listed on the front
               panel of your pesticide product label named
               in the "Table of Pesticide Active
               Ingredients"?
             If you answer "yes" to both questions, you
            should follow the instructions on "How to Use
            This  Information" to determine if you should
            limit use of the pesticide to help protect listed 
            species.
             If you answer "no" to either question, you
            should follow the usage directions on the
            pesticide product label.

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APACHE  COUNTY,  ARIZONA
                    LEGEND
                      County Border
                        County Seat
                        City, Town
                        Interstate, U.S., State,
                          Bureau of Indian Affairs
                          Highway

                        Mt., Pk., Spot Elev.
                        Park, Reservation,
                          Forest, Monument
                        Dirt or Unimproved
                          Road, Trail
                        River,  Stream, Creek
                        Lake, Reservoir
     Sitgraoves  "I  x>:
                                                                                                       15 km

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                                     Reducing Runoff and Drift
Careful use of pesticides can diminish harm to the environment and reduce exposure of endangered and threatened species
to pesticides. Using pesticide runoff and drift measures may be helpful in keeping more of the applied pesticide on the
field and may also lower your costs of pesticides.
Runoff
Where possible, use methods which reduce soil erosion, such as limited till and contour plowing; these methods also
reduce pesticide runoff.
Where feasible, use application techniques such as T banding and in-furrow techniques, which incorporate the pesticide
into the soil.
Pesticides with ground water warning labels are more likely to enter ground and surface water than those without such
warnings. When possible, use a pesticide that does not contain a ground water warning label.
Keep Informed about changing weather conditions, and try to avoid pesticide application when heavy rainfall is expected.
Drift
Wind direction, speed, and evaporation are important factors in reducing drift. Most importantly, pesticides should be
applied when the wind direction is away from areas of concern; try to avoid application during periods of high winds.
Ayoiding applications during the hottest part of the day, when evaporation is highest, will further reduce drift.
When high winds and excessive evaporation are not present, a drift retardant may be useful for aerial applications.
Using the largest droplet size compatible with the pesticide coverage will reduce drift. Typically, higher spray volumes
will also result in less drift.

         For the Protection of Your Land, Always Read and Follow Label Directions
 vvEPA
      United States
      Environmental Protection
      Agency
      (7506C)
      Washington, DC 20460
      Official Business
      Penalty for Private Use
      $300

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How To Use This Information
1) On the county map, find the specific shading patterns that cover, or are close to, the area where you will apply pesticides.
2) Read the descriptor in the Shading Key for those patterns; this may further identify the area involved.
3) In the "Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients," locate the active ingredients in the pesticide you intend to apply.
4) Locate the codes to the right of the active ingredient name and under the shading patterns that apply to you.
5) When using the pesticide, you should follow the limitations indicated for those codes described under "Limitations on
Pesticide Use."
6) If you are applying more than one listed active ingredient or applying a listed active ingredient in an area with more than
one shaded pattern (species), multiple codes may apply. If so, you should follow the most restrictive limitation.
7} Read the information on Reducing Runoff and Drift on the back of this pamphlet.
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
Active Ingredient Shading Pattern
APACHE LITTLE COLORADO
TROUT SPINEDACE
r->X>->Xj =;::==::=:
\y.-'y<-i zzzzz:
Code TAR* Code TAR*
2,4-D (all forms) - - - -
ATRAZINE - - -
AZINPHOS-METHYL 3m,5d - 3m,5d
BENOMYL 1m - 1m
CAPTAN 1m - 1m -
CARBARYL 3m 3m -
NAVAJO
SEDGE
ixxxxxxxxx/l
xxxxxxxxx/l
Code
29
29
CARBOFURAN (granular) 199 0.7 199 0.7
CARBOFURAN (non-granular) 1m - 1m - -
CHLOROTHALONIL (granular) 1 - 1 - -
CHLOROTHALONIL (non-granular) 199 2.8 199 2.8
CHLORPYRIFOS
Alfalfa 43 43
Apples 41 - 41 -
All Other Uses Except
as a Termiticide 3m,10 - 3m,10 -
CLOPYRALID - - _ _
DIAZINON
Granular Formulations and
Soil-incorporated Liquids 2  2 
Liquids not Soil-incorporated 3m  3m 
DICAMBA (all forms) - - - -
DICHLORPROP (2,4-DP) - - -
29
29
29
DIFLUBENZURON 1m - 1m -
DIMETHOATE (granular) 1 - 1 - .
DIMETHOATE (non-granular) 5d,199 2.3 5d,199 2.3 -
DISULFOTON
Granular Formulations and
Soil-incorporated Liquids 2  2  -
Liquids not Soil-incorporated 3m  - 3m - -
ESFENVALERATE 1m,5d - 3m,5d
FENITROTHION 3m - - -
FLURIDONE - - 20 -
HEXAZINONE - - - -
MALATHION . 3m,5d,10 - 3m,5d,10 -
MANCOZEB . 199 0.75 199 0.75
29

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Active Ingredient
                                                               Shading Pattern
APACHE LITTLE COLORADO NAVAJO
TROUT SPINEDACE SEDGE


MCPA (all forms)
METHOMYL
METHYL PARATHION
NALED
OXYDEMETON-METHYL
OXYFLUORFEN (granular)
OXYFLUORFEN (non-granular)
PARAQUAT
PERMETHRIN
PHOSMET
PICLORAM (all forms)
PROPACHLOR (granular)
PROPACHLOR (non-granular)
PYRETHRINS
SULFOMETURON METHYL
TEBUTHIURON
THIOPHANATE-METHYL
TRICHLORFON (granular)
TRICHLORFON (non-granular)
r->:<;->
rX''.-x
Code
-
1m,5d
3m,5d,10
5d,199
199
1
199

1m,5d
1m

299
399
1m,5d,10


1m
2
399
y\ \~i~ZZ2
pxxxxxxxxxJ
Pxxxxxxxxxj
TAR * Code TAR Code
 .  -
3m,5d
3m,5d,10 -
2.0 5d,399 2.
2.5 199 2.
1
0.75 ; 199 0.
_ _ _
- 3m,5d -
1m -
_ _ _
29


0
5

75
29


29
1.3 199 1.3
0.4 199 0.4
1m,5d,10 -
 _ _
'_ _ _
- 1m
2 -
_
32a
29
 i

3.5 399 3.5
*TAR =  Threshold Application Rate (Pounds of active ingredient per acre per application)
  SHADING KEY
   x^';XX j Apache (=Arizona) trout (fish), Salmo apache. Within the shaded area shown on the map, pesticide use
   Y,'-,-Y,',-A limitations apply within the buffer zones along rivers and streams only when water is present.
          Little Colorado spinedace (fish), Lepidomeda vittata.  Pesticide use limitations do not apply on Nelson
          Reservoir or Lyman Lake.                            /
Jxxx^xxx^x] Navajo sedge (plant), Carex specuicola (Cyperaceae, the sedge family). Within the
pxxxxxxxxxq map( t(ie Species habitat is in damp, sandy or silty soils around shady springfed seep
          limitations do not apply in irrigated pastureland or cropland.
                                                                                    shaded area shown on the
                                                                               seepages.  Pesticide use

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Limitations On Pesticide Use
Codes/Limitations                                                                          ""--..

1    Do not apply this pesticide within 20 yards from the edge of water within the shaded area shown on the map for ground
     applications, nor within 100 yards for aerial applications.

1 m  Within the shaded area shown on the map and 112 mile up all streams that join the shaded area, do not apply this
     pesticide within 20 yards from the edge of water for ground applications, nor within 100 yards for aerial applications.

2    Do not apply this pesticide within 40 yards from the edge of water within the shaded area shown on the map for ground
     applications, nor within 200 yards for aerial applications.

3m  Within the shaded area shown on the map and 1/2 mile up all streams that join the shaded area, do not apply this
     pesticide within 100 yards from the edge of water for ground applications, nor within 1/4 mile for aerial applications.

5d   Do not apply ultra low volume (ULV) applications within 1  mile from the edge of water within the shaded area shown on
     the map.

10   Do apply directly to water within the shaded area shown on the map, nor within 1 mile up all streams from the shaded
     area.

20   Do not apply directly to water within the shaded area shown on the map.

29   Do not apply this pesticide in the species habitat (described under the Shading Key).  For ground applications do not
     apply within 20 yards of the habitat, nor within 100 yards for aerial applications.

32a Do not apply this pesticide on rights-of-way in the species habitat (described under the Shading Key).
                                                                    /
41   Do not apply this pesticide within 1/4 mile from the edge of water within f!he shaded area shown on the map for ground
     applications, nor within 1/2 mile for aerial applications.

43   Do not apply this pesticide within 100 yards from the edge of water within the shaded area shown on the map for ground
     applications, nor within 1/4 mile for aerial applications.

199 Do not apply this pesticide above the threshold application rate (TAR) indicated within 20 yards from the edge of water
     within the shaded area shown on the map for ground applications, nor within 100 yards for aerial applications.     /
                                                                                                           /
299 Do not apply this pesticide above the threshold application rate (TAR) indicated within 40 yards from the edge of water
     within the shaded area shown on the map for ground applications, nor within 200 yards for aerial applications:

399 Do not apply this pesticide above the threshold application rate (TAR) indicated within 100 yards from the edge of water
     within the shaded area shown on the map for ground applications, nor.within 1/4 mile for aerial applications.

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